Constitutional Law: Cases in Context, Vol. I: Federal Governmental Powers and Federalism / Edition 1

Constitutional Law: Cases in Context, Vol. I: Federal Governmental Powers and Federalism / Edition 1

by James C. Foster

ISBN-10: 0135687756

ISBN-13: 9780135687758

Pub. Date: 08/27/1997

Publisher: Prentice Hall

This comprehensive book presents the inner workings of American constitutional law within the framework of the social, legal, and political contexts from which the cases arose. It addresses the implications of each case on the political system and its effect on the relationship between the Court and the other two branches of government.

The book traces each


This comprehensive book presents the inner workings of American constitutional law within the framework of the social, legal, and political contexts from which the cases arose. It addresses the implications of each case on the political system and its effect on the relationship between the Court and the other two branches of government.

The book traces each case from the time it is filed to its appearance on the Court's docket, explains the reasoning of the lower court and demonstrates the climate of legal opinion in which the case is presented before the Court. The book includes highlights of Supreme Court arguments with summaries of legal theories offered to the Justices and original source material that show how ideas, thought processes, language, and debate develop into constitutional doctrine.

A valuable reference book for anyone who needs a greater understanding of the effect of Supreme Court decisions on our political system.

Product Details

Prentice Hall
Publication date:
Constitutional Law Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.37(h) x 1.75(d)

Table of Contents

1. Understanding the Supreme Court.

2. Judicial Powers.

Judicial Review.

Marbury v. Madison (1803). Cooper v. Aaron (1958). United States v. Nixon (1974). Plaut v. Spendthrift Farms, Inc. (1995).

Judicial Review of States' Actions.

Chisholm v. Georgia (1793). Martin v. Hunter's Lessee (1816). Cohens v. Virginia (1821). Mapp v. Ohio (1961).

State Action Doctrine.

Civil Rights Cases (1883). Shelley v. Kraemer (1948).

Limits on Federal Judicial Power.

Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831). Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857). Ex parte McCardle (1869). Luther v. Borden (1849). Baker v. Carr (1962). Frothingham v. Mellon (1923). Flast v. Cohen (1968). Valley Forge Christian College v. Americans United for Separation of Church and State (1982). 3. Congressional Powers.

Changing Understandings of Congress's Express Powers.

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819). Gibbons v. Ogden (1824). New York v. Miln (1837). Cooley v. Board of Wardens (1851). United States v. E.C. Knight (1895). Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Co. (1895). [Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)]. A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States (1935). United States v. Butler (1936). National Labor Relations Board v. Jones and Laughlin (1937). United States v. Darby (1941). Wickard v. Filburn (1942). Heart of Atlanta Hotel, Inc. v. United States (1964). United States v. Lopez (1995).

Implied Powers.

[A.L.A.Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States (1935)]. [National Labor Relations Board v. Jones and Laughlin (1937)]. Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha (1983). Bowsher v. Synar (1986). Mistretta v. United States (1989). Watkins v. United States (1957). Barenblatt v. United States (1959).

Membership & Privileges.

Powell v. McCormack (1969). Gravel v. United States (1972). 4. Presidential Powers.

Appointment & Removal Powers.

Myers v. United States (1926). Humphrey's Executor v. United States (1935). Morrison v. Olson (1988).

Treaty Power.

Missouri v. Holland (1920).

Executive Privilege.

[United States v. Nixon (1974)].

Emergency & Foreign Policy Powers.

Prize Cases (1863). Ex parte Milligan (1866). United States v. Curtiss-Wright Corp. (1936). Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952). New York Times v. United States (1971). United States v. United States District Court (1972). Dames and Moore v. Regan (1981). 5. Federalism: Ongoing Debates Over Divided Power.

Supremacy Clause and Federalism.

[Martin v. Hunter's Lessee (1816)]. [McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)]. Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842). Pennsylvania v. Nelson (1956). Cipollone v. Liggett Group Inc. (1992).

States' Rights.

[New York v. Miln (1837)]. [Cooley v. Board of Wardens (1851)]. Texas v. White (1869). Collector v. Day (1871). Champion v. Ames (1903). Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918). [Missouri v. Holland (1920)]. [NLRB v. Jones and Laughlin (1937)]. [United States v. Darby (1941)]. National League of Cities v. Usery (1976). Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (1985). [United States v. Lopez (1995)]. U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton (1995). Seminole Tribe v. Florida (1996).

The Bill of Rights and the States.

Barron v. Baltimore (1833). Slaughter-House Cases (1873). Hurtado v. California (1884). Palko v. Connecticut (1937). Adamson v. California (1947). Rochin v. California (1952). Duncan v. Louisiana (1968).

The Supreme Court and State Constitutions.

PruneYard Shopping Center v. Robins (1980). Michigan v. Long (1983). 6. Property Rights versus Governmental Powers.

Contracts Clause.

Fletcher v. Peck (1810). Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819). Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837). Stone v. Mississippi (1880). Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell (1934). Allied Structural Steel Co. v. Spannaus (1978).

Judicial Protection of Property Interests.

Calder v. Bull (1798). [Slaughter-House Cases (1873)]. Munn v. Illinois (1877). Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad (1886). [Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Co. (1895)]. Lockner v. New York (1905). Adair v. United States (1908). Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923). Nebbia v. New York (1934). West Coast Hotel v. Parrish (1937).


[Barron v. Baltimore (1833)]. Pennsylvania Coal Co. v. Mahon (1922). Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co. (1926). Penn Central Transportation Co. v. New York City (1978). Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council (1992). Dolan v. City of Tigard (1994). 1. Understanding the Supreme Court.2. Freedom of Religion.

Establishment of Religion.

Engel v. Vitale (1962). Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971). Lee v. Weisman (1992). Board of Education of Kirays Joel Village School District v. Grumet (1994). Allegheny County v. Greater Pittsburgh American Civil Liberties Union. (1989). Lamb's Chapel v. Center Moriches Union Free School District (1993). Rosenberger v. Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia (1995). Agostini v. Felton(1997).

Free Exercise Clause.

Reynolds v. United States (1878). Cantwell v. Connecticut (1940). West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette (1943). Sherbert v. Verner (1963). Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972). Employment Division v. Smith (1990). City Of Boerne v. Flores (1997). 3. Freedom of Speech.

Defining Protected Speech During War & National Emergency.

Schenck v. United States (1919). Gitlow v. New York (1925). Whitney v. California (1927). Dennis v. United States (1951). Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969).

Fighting Words and Hate Speech.

Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire (1942). R.A.V. v. St. Paul, Minnesota (1992). Wisconsin v. Mitchell (1993).

Symbolic Speech.

United States v. O'Brien (1968). Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District (1969). United States v. Eichman (1990).

Controversies Involving Varieties of Political Speech.

Lloyd Corporation, Ltd. v. Tanner (1972). Buckley v. Valeo (1976). City of Ladue v. Gilleo (1994). McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission (1995).

Commercial Speech.

Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council (1976). Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corporation v. Public Service Commission of New York (1980). 44 Liquormart v. Rhode Island (1996).

Speech & Emerging Technologies.

Denver Area Educational Telecommunications Consortium, Inc. v. Federal Communications Commission (1996). Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union (1997). 4. Freedom of Press and Assembly.

Prior Restraint.

Near v. Minnesota (1931). New York Times v. United States (1971). Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier (1988).


New York Times v. Sullivan (1964). Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc. (1974). Hustler Magazine v. Falwell (1988).


Roth v. United States (1957). Miller v. California (1973). New York v. Ferber (1982).

Associational Rights.

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People v. Alabama (1958). Roberts v. United States Jaycees (1984). 5. Fourteenth Amendment.

Fourteenth Amendment: Initial Interpretation.

Slaughter-House Cases (1873).

Due Process.

Lochner v. New York (1905). Palko v. Connecticut (1937). Adamson v. California (1947). Duncan v. Louisiana (1968).

State Action Doctrine.

Civil Rights Cases (1883). Buchanan v. Warley (1917). Shelley v. Kraemer (1948). Moose Lodge No. 107 v. Irvis (1972).

Equal Protection: Jim Crow and School Desegregation.

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). Brown v. Board of Education (1954). Green v. New Kent County, VA (1968). Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg (1971). Milliken v. Bradley (1974). Missouri v. Jenkins (1990). Freeman v. Pitts (1992).

Equal Protection: Separate Spheres and Gender Equality.

Bradwell v. Illinois (1873).Reed v. Reed (1971) Craig v. Boren (1976). Michael M. v. Superior Court of Sonoma County (1981). Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan (1982). United States v. Virginia (1996).

Equal Protection: Affirmative Action.

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978). City of Richmond v. J.A.Croson Co. (1989).

Other Protected Categories? Economic Class.

Edwards v. California (1941). Shapiro v. Thompson (1969). San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez (1973).

Other Protected Categories? National Origin.

Plyer v. Doe (1982).

Other Protected Categories? Disability.

City of Cleburne, Texas, v. Cleburne Living Center (1985). 6. Voting Rights.


Baker v. Carr (1962). Reynolds v. Sims (1964).

Race and Voting. United States v. Reese (1876). Ex parte Yarbrough (1884). Grovey v. Townsend (1935). Smith v. Allwright (1944). Gomillion v. Lightfoot (1960). Reynolds v. Sims (1964). Harper v. Virginia Board of Electors (1966). South Carolina v. Katzenbach (1966). Shaw v. Reno (1993). Miller v. Johnson (1995). Shaw v. Hunt (1995).
7. Privacy & Personal Autonomy Rights.

Fundamental Rights Analysis.

Buck v. Bell (1927). Skinner v. Oklahoma (1942). Griswold v. Connecticut (1965). Loving v. Virginia (1967).

Abortion Rights & Restrictions.

Roe v. Wade (1973). Haris v. McRae (1980). City of Center for Reproductive Health (1983). Rust v. Sullivan (1991). Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey (1992). Schenk v. Pro-choice Network (1997).

Contemporary Controversies: Gay and Lesbian Rights.

Bowers v. Hardwick (1986). Roemer v. Evans (1996).

Contemporary Controversies: Affirmative Right to State Protection. DeShaney v. Winnebago County Department of Social Services (1989).

Contemporary Controversies: The Right to Die. Cruzan By Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health (1990). Washington v. Glucksberg (1997).
8. Introduction to Constitutional Rights of the Criminally Accused.

Pretrial Phase: Evidence Gathering, the Exclusionary Rule, and the Right to Counsel.

Mapp v. Ohio (1961). United States v. Leon (1984). Gideon v. Wainwright (1963). Eschobedo v. Illinois (1966). Miranda v. Arizona (1966). Terry v. Ohio (1968). Chimel v. California (1969). Oregon v. Mathiason (1977). Rhode Island v. Innis (1980).

Pre-Trial Phase: Electronic Surveillance.

Katz v. United States (1967). United States v. United States District Court (1972).

Trial Phase: Peremptory Strikes and Trial by Jury.

Batson v. Kentucky (1986). J.E.B. v. Alabama ex rel. T.B. (1994) (1994).

Post-Trial Phase: Eighth Amendment and Death Penalty.

Gregg v. Georgia (1976). McCleskey v. Kemp (1987). Callins v. Collins (1994).

Post-Trial Phase: Cruel and Unusual Punishment.

Rummel v. Estelle (1980). Hudson v. McMillan (1992).

Rights of Juveniles in the Criminal Justice System.

In re Gault (1967). New Jersey v. T.L.O. (1985). Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton (1995).

Contemporary Controversies: Drug Testing of Government Employees.

National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab (1996).

Contemporary Controversies: Victims' Rights.

Payne v. Tennessee (1991).

Contemporary Controversies: Civil Forfeiture and Double Jeopardy.

United States v. Ursely (1996)

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