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Constructing Charisma: Celebrity, Fame, and Power in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Overview

Railroads, telegraphs, lithographs, photographs, and mass periodicals-the major technological advances of the 19th century seemed to diminish the space separating people from one another, creating new and apparently closer, albeit highly mediated, social relationships. Nowhere was this phenomenon more evident than in the relationship between celebrity and fan, leader and follower, the famous and the unknown. By mid-century, heroes and celebrities constituted a new and powerful social force, as innovations in ...
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Overview

Railroads, telegraphs, lithographs, photographs, and mass periodicals-the major technological advances of the 19th century seemed to diminish the space separating people from one another, creating new and apparently closer, albeit highly mediated, social relationships. Nowhere was this phenomenon more evident than in the relationship between celebrity and fan, leader and follower, the famous and the unknown. By mid-century, heroes and celebrities constituted a new and powerful social force, as innovations in print and visual media made it possible for ordinary people to identify with the famous; to feel they knew the hero, leader, or "star"; to imagine that public figures belonged to their private lives. This volume examines the origins and nature of modern mass media and the culture of celebrity and fame they helped to create. Crossing disciplines and national boundaries, the book focuses on arts celebrities (Sarah Bernhardt, Byron and Liszt); charismatic political figures (Napoleon and Wilhelm II); famous explorers (Stanley and Brazza); and celebrated fictional characters (Cyrano de Bergerac).
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780857458155
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/15/2012
  • Pages: 242
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Edward Berensonis Professor of History and French Studies and Director of the Institute of French Studies at New York University. His numerous publications includeThe Trial of Madame Caillaux(University of California Press 1992),Heroes of Empire: Five Charismatic Men and Europe's Quest for Africa, (University of California Press 2010) and The Statue of Liberty: A Transatlantic Story (Yale University Press 2012).

Eva Giloiis Associate Professor in the History Department at Rutgers University, Newark. She is the author ofMonarchy, Myth, and Material Culture in Germany 1750-1950(Cambridge University Press 2011).

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Introduction Eva Giloi Giloi, Eva 1

Part I Constructing Charisma

1 Charisma and the Making of Imperial Heroes in Britain and France, 1880-1914 Edward Berenson Berenson, Edward 21

2 "So Writes the Hand that Swings the Sword": Autograph Hunting and Royal Charisma in the German Empire, 1861-1888 Eva Giloi Giloi, Eva 41

3 The Workings of Royal Celebrity: Wilhelm II as Media Emperor Martin Kohlrausch Kohlrausch, Martin 52

Part II Celebrity as Performance

4 From the Top: Liszt's Aristocratic Airs Dana Gooley Gooley, Dana 69

5 Celebrity Gifting: Mallarme and the Poetics of Fame Emily Apter Apter, Emily 86

6 Rethinking Female Celebrity: The Eccentric Star of Nineteenth-Century France Mary Louise Roberts Roberts, Mary Louise 103

Part III The Politics of Fame

7 Byron, Death, and the Afterlife Stephen Minta Minta, Stephen 119

8 The Historical Actor Peter Fritzsche Fritzsche, Peter 134

9 Celebrity, Patriotism, and Sarah Bernhardt Kenneth E. Silver Silver, Kenneth E. 145

10 Heroes, Celebrity, and the Theater in Fin-de-Siecle France: Cyrano de Bergerac Venita Datta Datta, Venita 155

Conclusion: Secular Anointings: Fame, Celebrity, and Charisma in the First Century of Mass Culture Leo Braudy Braudy, Leo 165

Notes 183

Notes on Contributors 215

Selected Bibliography 217

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