Contemporary Arab Thought

Contemporary Arab Thought

by Elizabeth Suzanne Kassab
     
 

ISBN-10: 0231144881

ISBN-13: 9780231144889

Pub. Date: 12/01/2009

Publisher: Columbia University

Durgaing the second half of the twentieth century, the Arab intellectual and political scene polarized between a search for totalizing doctrines—nationalist, Marxist, and religious—and radical critique. Arab thinkers were reacting to the disenchanting experience of postindependence Arab states, as well as to authoritarianism, intolerance, and failed

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Overview

Durgaing the second half of the twentieth century, the Arab intellectual and political scene polarized between a search for totalizing doctrines—nationalist, Marxist, and religious—and radical critique. Arab thinkers were reacting to the disenchanting experience of postindependence Arab states, as well as to authoritarianism, intolerance, and failed development. They were also responding to successive defeats by Israel, humiliation, and injustice. The first book to take stock of these critical responses, this volume illuminates the relationship between cultural and political critique in the work of major Arab thinkers, and it connects Arab debates on cultural malaise, identity, and authenticity to the postcolonial issues of Latin America and Africa, revealing the shared struggles of different regions and various Arab concerns.

Columbia University Press

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780231144889
Publisher:
Columbia University
Publication date:
12/01/2009
Pages:
514
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

PrefaceIntroduction: Cultural Malaise and Cultural Identity in Twentieth-Century Western, Postcolonial, and Arab Debates1. The First Modern Arab Cultural Renaissance, or Nahda: From the Mid-Nineteenth Century to the Mid-Twentieth Century2. Critique After the 1967 DefeatThe Existential Dramatization of Critique the Day After the Defeat: Saadallah Wannous's Theatrical OeuvreHumanistic Nationalism and Critical Reason: Qustantin ZurayqThe Critique of Religious-Metaphysical Thought: Sadeq Jalal al-AzmThe Critique of Ideology and Historicization: Abdallah LarouiGendering Critique: Nawal el-Saadawi and the Late-Twentieth-Century Arab FeministsThe Radicalization of Critique and the Call for Democracy: Reclaiming the Individual's Critical Faculties3. Marxist, Epistemological, and Psychological Readings of Major Conferences on Cultural Decline, Renewal, and AuthenticityThe Cairo Conference of 1971: "Authenticity and Renewal in Contemporary Arab Culture"The Kuwait Conference of 1974: "The Crisis of Civilizational Development in the Arab Homeland"The Cairo Conference of 1984: "Heritage and the Challenges of the Age in the Arab Homeland: Authenticity and Contemporaneity"Critique in These Conferences: The Fixation on Tradition and the Intellectualization of the Malaise4. Critique in Islamic TheologyFrom the Unthought and the Unthinkable to the Thinkable: Mohammed ArkounThe Historicity of Revelation and the Struggle for Thought in the Time of Anathema: Nasr Hamid Abu ZaydFeminist Historicization of Religious Traditions: Nazira Zain al-Din, Fatima Mernissi, and Leila AhmedAn Islamic Theology of Liberation: The "Islamic Left" of Hassan HanafiA Christian Arab Theology of Liberation: Naim Ateek and Mitri Raheb in Palestine-IsraelOn the Potential for Critique in Traditional Islam: Talal Asad's Analysis of the Public Criticism by Ulemas in Saudi ArabiaIslamic Critique and the Cultural Malaise5. Secular CritiqueCritique of the Exclusive Monopoly over "True" Islam: Farag FoudaThe Importance of Keeping the Debate on the Human Level: Fouad ZakariyyaCritique of the Essentialist and Romantic Conception of Identity: Aziz al-AzmehCritique of the Islamicization of Knowledge and the Quest for an Indigenous Social Science: Bassam Tibi, Abdelkebir Khatibi, and Hisham SharabiCritique of the Conciliatory Pattern of Thinking: Muhammad Jaber al-Ansari, Hisham Sharabi, and Nadeem NaimySecularism, Democracy, and Cultural CritiqueRecentering the Historical, the Human, and the Partial: The Secular Call for Democracy and Human Rights6. Breaking the Postcolonial Solitude: Arab Motifs in Comparative PerspectiveThe Western DebatesThe Non-Western Postcolonial DebatesCommon Leitmotivs and Arab Specifi citiesShifting PrioritiesConclusion: The New Nahda Impulses, Reclaiming the Right to Freedom and LifeNotes Bibliography Index

Columbia University Press

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