Contemporary Bioethics: A Reader with Cases

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Overview


Contemporary Bioethics: A Reader with Cases is the most cutting-edge bioethics anthology/casebook available. Incorporating introductions, readings, and cases that span the breadth of the discipline, this exceptional volume captures the spirit of bioethics as a rich, exciting, and continuously evolving field. Addressing all of the essential topics--including abortion, reproductive ethics, end-of-life care, research ethics, and the allocation of resources--it also moves beyond the "classic" approach of other books by extending into timely and provocative issues like terrorism, cosmetic surgery, immigration, genetic manipulations, links between first- and third-world health, and--unique to this book--environmental sustainability and climate change. In addition, Contemporary Bioethics is the only book of its kind that includes both philosophical and religious perspectives.

The text opens with a substantial introduction that presents key ethical principles, theories, and methods and shows students how to use these tools to frame and address ethical dilemmas in medicine. Covering the brief yet captivating history of the field, the introduction also considers the role of religion in the development of bioethics and examines differences between secular and religious modes of argumentation. Each of the seven topical chapters contains an in-depth introduction, a selection of concise readings representing a diverse range of moral perspectives (including feminist, religious, secular, and third-world), discussion questions, and a collection of full-length and provocative case studies that enable students to further explore the issues.

Ideal for introductory courses in bioethics and biomedical ethics, Contemporary Bioethics is supplemented by a Instructor's Manual on CD and a Companion Website containing resources for both students and professors, including chapter summaries, additional cases with discussion questions, ideas for further reading, vocabulary flashcards, self-quizzes, and more.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195313826
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 10/9/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 736
  • Sales rank: 469,507
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

Chapters 2-8 open with an Introduction and include References and Further Reading, an Article List, and Discussion Questions for the Readings.
Preface: Welcome to Contemporary Bioethics
Chapter 1. Bioethics: An Introduction to the Discipline
What Is Bioethics?
Bioethics: Theory and Method
Religion and Bioethics
Bioethics Comes of Age: An Expanding Moral Framework and Vocabulary
References and Further Reading
Chapter 2. Doctors and Patients
The Profession of Medicine
"I Swear by Apollo": On Taking the Hippocratic Oath," Howard Markel
"Hippocratic Oath, Modern Version," Louis Lasagna
"Principles of Medical Ethics," American Medical Association
"Medical Professionalism in Society," Matthew K. Wynia, Stephen R. Latham, Audiey C. Kao, Jessica W. Berg, and Linda L. Emanuel
The Obligations of Doctors to Their Patients
"Fundamental Elements of the Patient-Physician Relationship," American Medical Association
"Respect for Autonomy," Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress
"The Meaning and Justification of Informed Consent," Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress
"A Framework of Standards for Surrogate Decision Making," Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress
"Truth Telling in Medicine: The Confucian View," Ruiping Fan and Benfu Li
"Patient Confidentiality," American Medical Association
"A Defense of Unqualified Medical Confidentiality," Kenneth Kipnis
Responsibilities of Patients
"Patient Responsibilities," American Medical Association
"The Patient's Work," Leonard C. Groopman, Franklin G. Miller, and Joseph J. Fins
"Limits on Patient Responsibility," Maureen Kelley
Doctors and Society
"Cosmetic Surgery and the Internal Morality of Medicine," Franklin G. Miller, Howard Brody, and Kevin C. Chung
"When Doctors Go to War," M. Gregg Bloche and Jonathan H. Marks
Cases
The White Coat
Can a Killer Be a Doctor?
Vaccine Skeptics Refuse to Inoculate Children
Should Medical Students Believe in Evolution? The Case of Professor Dini
Pillow Angel
College Student Requests Modafinil
Chapter 3. At the End of Life
Defining Death
"The Whole-Brain Concept of Death Remains Optimum Public Policy," James L. Bernat
"The Conscience Clause": How Much Individual Choice in Defining Death Can Our Society Tolerate?, Robert M. Veatch
How Much Treatment?
"The Case for Mortality," Leon R. Kass
"Does Professional Autonomy Protect Medical Futility Judgments?" Eric Gampel
Rejecting Treatment
"Autonomy, Wellbeing, and the Case of the Refusing Patient," J. Varelius
"The Severely Demented, Minimally Functional Patient: An Ethical Analysis," John D. Arras
"Extreme Prematurity and Parental Rights After Baby Doe," John A. Robertson
"Has the Emphasis on Autonomy Gone Too Far?" Insights from Dostoevsky on Parental Decisionmaking in the NICU, John J. Paris, Neil Graham, Michael D. Schreiber, and Michele Goodwin
"Appropriate Use of Artificial Nutrition and Hydration": Fundamental Principles and Recommendations, David Casarett, Jennifer Kapo, and Arthur Caplan
"Assisted Nutrition and Hydration and the Catholic Tradition," Thomas A. Shannon and James J. Walter
Hastening Death
"The Devil's Choice: Re-Thinking Law, Ethics, and Symptom Relief in Palliative Care," Roger S. Magnusson
"Voluntary Euthanasia": A Utilitarian Perspective, Peter Singer
"End of Life: The Buddhist View," Damien Keown
"Gender, Feminism, and Death": Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia, Susan M. Wolf
"A Moral Defense of Oregon's Physician-Assisted Suicide Law," Michael B. Gill
Cases
Not Dead Yet--Part I
Not Dead Yet--Part II (or There Is Cryonics in Baseball)
Slow Medicine
Is There Anybody in There?
A Patient's Rights Act? The Limits of Patient Autonomy in Israel
The Texas Advance Directives Act
Don't Mess with Texas: Cancer, Custody, and Katie
Not Dead Yet--Part III
The Groningen Protocol--Euthanasia for Newborns
A Friend in Need
Chapter 4. At the Beginnings of Life
Abortion
"A Defense of Abortion," Judith Jarvis Thomson
"Abortion and the Beginning and End of Human Life," Don Marquis
"Feminist Discourse on Sex Screening and Selective Abortion of Female Foetuses," Farhat Moazam
"Could Artificial Wombs End the Abortion Debate?" Christopher Kaczor
"The Limits of Conscientious Objection--May Pharmacists Refuse to Fill Prescriptions for Emergency Contraception?" Julie Cantor and Ken Baum
Maternal-Fetal Relations
"Distinguishing Features of Women's Health Care," Mary B. Mahowald
"A Realistic Approach to Maternal-Fetal Conflict," Deborah Hornstra
Reproductive Technology
"What Are Families For? Getting to an Ethics of Reproductive Technology," Thomas H. Murray
"Whose Bodies? Which Selves?" Appeals to Embodiment in Assessments of Reproductive Technology, Paul Lauritzen
"Reproductive Gifts and Gift Giving: The Altruistic Woman," Janice G. Raymond
"Two Questions About Surrogacy and Exploitation," Alan Wertheimer
Human Cloning
"Preventing A Brave New World: Why We Should Ban Cloning Now," Leon R. Kass
"Human Reproductive Cloning": A Look at the Arguments Against It and a Rejection of Most of Them, Raanan Gillon
Cases
Measure for Measure
Where the Boys Are
What's Plan C? Pharmacist Refusal to Distribute Plan B
Safe in the Womb?
McKnight v. South Carolina
Amber Alert
A Person, No Matter How Small?
Veto Power
Surrogacy Specialists of America (SSA)
Free to Be Me (Again?)
Chapter 5. Distributing and Procuring Health Care Resources
Access to Health Care
"Justice, Health, and Healthcare," Norman Daniels
"Rights to Health Care, Social Justice, and Fairness in Health Care Allocations: Frustrations in the Face of Finitude," H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.
"A Conservative Case for Universal Access to Health Care," Paul Menzel and Donald W. Light
"Illegal Immigrants, Health Care, and Social Responsibility," James Dwyer
Rationing
"Should Physicians Be Gatekeepers of Medical Resources?" Milton C. Weinstein
"Rationing in the Intensive Care Unit," Robert D. Truog, Dan W. Brock, Deborah J. Cook, Marion Danis, John M. Luce, Gordon Rubenfeld, and Mitchell Levy
Organizational Ethics
"Justice and Managed Care": Four Principles for the Just Allocation of Health Care Resources," Ezekiel J. Emanuel
"Fulfilling Institutional Responsibilities in Health Care: Organizational Ethics and the Role of Mission Discernment," John A. Gallagher and Jerry Goodstein
Organ Transplantation
"Responsibility, Alcoholism, and Liver Transplantation," Walter Glannon
"Recovery of Transplantable Organs After Cardiac or Circulatory Death: Transforming the Paradigm for the Ethics of Organ Donation," Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady, and Joan McGregor
"Why We Are Not Allowed to Sell That Which We Are Encouraged to Donate," Barbro Björkman
"Presumed Consent, Autonomy, and Organ Donation," Michael B. Gill
"An 'Opting in' Paradigm for Kidney Transplantation," David Steinberg
Cases
The Health of Nations
The "Commonhealth" of Massachusetts
Should Illegal Immigrants Have Access to Health Care?
Blue Cross Seeks Physician Informants
Age-Based Rationing
Living the Mission
Early Harvest--Removing Organs After Cardiac Death
Presumed Consent and Organ Donation
Pat Summerall's New Liver
Matchmakers
Chapter 6. Biomedical Research
Research on Human Subjects
"The Nuremburg Code"
"The Belmont Report": Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research, The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research
"Declaration of Helsinki": Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, World Medical Association
"Making Research a Requirement of Treatment": Why We Should Sometimes Let Doctors Pressure Patients to Participate in Research, David Orentlicher
"Guinea-Pigging," Carl Elliott
"Justice and the Human Development Approach to International Research," Alex John London
Stem Cell and Cloning Research
"Monitoring Stem Cell Research": Introduction, President's Council on Bioethics
"Ethical Issues in Human Stem Cell Research": Vol. 3, Religious Perspectives, National Bioethics Advisory Commission
"Research with Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Ethical Considerations," Geron Ethics Advisory Board: Karen Lebacqz, Michael M. Mendiola, Ted Peters, Ernlé W.D. Young, and Laurie Zoloth-Dorfman
Animals as Research Subjects (or Objects)
"The Ethics of Animal Research: What Are the Prospects for Agreement?" David DeGrazia
"International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals (1985)," Council for International Organization of Medical Sciences
"Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research," National Research Council
Cases
Medicare Requires Heart Patients to Enlist in Research
Empathic Mice
Orphan Diseases
In Defense of Animals (IDA) Urges NIH to Halt Animal Nicotine Experiments
Pharmacological Research on Pregnant Women
Stem Cell Research--"Dead" Embryos?
Dying Patients and the Right to Try Experimental Drugs
Surgeon as Animal Rights Warrior
Great Ape Protection Act
Chapter 7. Genetics, Biotechnology, and Posthuman Possibilities
Technological Manipulations and Posthuman Futures
"Biotechnology and the Pursuit of Happiness: An Introduction," President's Council on Bioethics
"The Case Against Perfection: What's Wrong with Designer Children, Bionic Athletes, and Genetic Engineering," Michael J. Sandel
"Gene Therapies and the Pursuit of a Better Human," Sara Goering
"Jewish Reflections on Genetic Enhancement," Jeffrey H. Burack
"Transhumanist Values," Nick Bostrom
Manipulating the Mind
"Treatment, Enhancement, and the Ethics of Neurotherapeutics," Paul Root Wolpe
"Memory and Happiness," President's Council on Bioethics
Genetics and Future Children
"Genetic Dilemmas and the Child's Right to an Open Future," Dena S. Davis
"Extending Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: Medical and Non-Medical Uses," John A. Robertson
Cases
DNAdirect.com: Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Genetic Tests
Playing God in the West, but Not in the East
Myriad Genetics and the BRCA-2 Gene
Mo Money
Consumer Eugenics
Williams Syndrome and PGD
Better Brains Through "Chemistry"
Therapeutic Forgetting
Soul Catcher 2025
Be More Than You Can Be
Chapter 8. The Environmental Turn in Bioethics
Redefining Bioethics, Redefining Health
"Health is Membership," Wendell Berry
"Toward an Ecological View of Health: An Imperative for the Twenty-First Century," Ted Schettler
"New Ways of Thinking About Bioethics," Jessica Pierce and Andrew Jameton
Health and the Environment
"Global Environmental Change and Health:" Impacts, Inequalities, and the Health Sector, A. J. McMichael, A. Nyong, and C. Corvalan
"Embedded in Nature": Human Health and Biodiversity" Eric Chivian and Aaron S. Bernstein
Sustainable Health Care
"Sustainable Health Care and Emerging Ethical Responsibilities," Andrew Jameton and Jessica Pierce
"Medicine After Oil": It Could Be Distributed a Lot More Democratically, Daniel Bednarz
"Deep Ecology and End-of-Life Care," Paul Carrick
"Declaration of Professional Responsibility": Medicine's Social Contract with Humanity, American Medical Association
"Stewardship of the Environment: Policy H-135.973," American Medical Association
Cases
Malaria and DDT
Physicians and the Environmental Imperative
Population Connection
Sustainable Trials
Asthma Inhalers and Ozone
Mussels on Prozac
Index

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