Contemporary Conflict Resolution / Edition 2

Contemporary Conflict Resolution / Edition 2

by Oliver Ramsbotham, Tom Woodhouse, Hugh Miall

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ISBN-10: 0745632122

ISBN-13: 9780745632124

Pub. Date: 04/10/2005

Publisher: Wiley

Since the end of the Cold War, conflict prevention and resolution, peacekeeping and peacebuilding have risen to the top of the international agenda. The second edition of this hugely popular text charts the development of the field from its pioneers to its contemporary exponents and offers an assessment of its achievements and the challenges it faces in today's


Since the end of the Cold War, conflict prevention and resolution, peacekeeping and peacebuilding have risen to the top of the international agenda. The second edition of this hugely popular text charts the development of the field from its pioneers to its contemporary exponents and offers an assessment of its achievements and the challenges it faces in today's changed security environment. Existing material has been thoroughly updated and new chapters added on peacebuilding from below, reconciliation, responses to terror, gender issues, the ethics of intervention, dialogue, discourse and disagreement, culture and conflict resolution, and future directions for the field. the authors argue that a new form of cosmopolitan conflict resolution is emerging, which offers a hopeful means for human societies to transcend and celebrate their differences.

Part I offers a comprehensive survey of the theory and practice of conflict resolution. Part II enters into the controversies that have surrounded conflict resolution as it has become part of the mainstream. Contemporary Conflict Resolution is essential reading for students of peace and security studies, conflict management and international politics, as well as those working in non-government organizations or think-tanks.

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Table of Contents

List of Figuresix
List of Tablesx
List of Boxesxi
List of Mapsxii
List of Abbreviationsxvii
Part IContemporary Conflict Resolution
1Introduction to Conflict Resolution: Concepts and Definitions3
Why a Second Edition?3
Conflict Resolution Models8
Framework Models9
Classical Ideas13
New Developments in Conflict Resolution22
Structure of the Book30
Recommended reading31
2Conflict Resolution: Origins, Foundations and Development of the Field32
Precursors: The First Generation, 1918-194534
Foundations: The Second Generation, 1945-196539
Consolidation: The Third Generation, 1965-198547
Reconstruction: The Fourth Generation, 1985-200554
Recommended reading54
3Statistics of Deadly Quarrels55
The Conflict Domain55
Conflict Trends59
Conflict Distribution62
Conflict Types63
Terrorism and Conflict67
Conflict Costs72
Conflict Mapping and Conflict Tracking74
Recommended reading77
4Understanding Contemporary Conflict78
Theories and Frameworks78
The Context for an Evaluation of Conflict Resolution Theory80
Edward Azar's Theory of Protracted Social Conflict (PSC)84
Have More Recent Theories Confirmed or Discredited PSC?89
An Interpretative Framework for Conflict Analysis96
Recommended reading105
5Preventing Violent Conflict106
Causes and Preventors of War107
Early Warning112
Deep or Structural Prevention114
Light or Operational Prevention121
Mainstreaming Prevention: International Organizations and the Evolution of Norms and Policies123
Recent Experience and Case Studies126
Recommended reading131
6Containing Violent Conflict: Peacekeeping132
First- and Second-Generation UN Peacekeeping, 1956-1995134
War Zones, War Economies and Cultures of Violence138
To Intervene or Not to Intervene? New Requirements for Third-Generation Peacekeeping141
Third-Generation Peacekeeping and Human Security147
Case Studies150
Conclusion: The Transformationist Critique153
Recommended reading158
7Ending Violent Conflict: Peacemaking159
The Challenge of Ending Violent Conflict160
Conflict Resolution and War Ending162
De-escalation, Ripeness and Conditions for Ending Violent Conflict165
Mediation and Third-Party Intervention167
Peace Processes: Turning Points, Sticking Points and Spoilers171
Negotiations and Settlements174
Case Studies176
Recommended reading184
8Post-War Reconstruction185
Intervention, Reconstruction, Withdrawal (IRW) Operations, 1989-2004188
Filling the Post-War Planning Gap192
Wittgenstein's Locomotive Cabin: The International Post-War Reconstruction Blueprint194
A Conflict Resolution Assessment of Intervention, Reconstruction and Withdrawal Operations, 1989-2004197
A Conflict Resolution Assessment: Evaluating Cases211
Recommended reading214
The Idea of Peacebuilding From Below217
The Mainstreaming of Peacebuilding Models in International Policy221
Implementing Peacebuilding From Below222
Case Study: Peacebuilding in Kosovo, 1999-2004227
Recommended reading230
Four Meanings of Reconciliation231
Between Separation and a Fusion of Identities232
Dealing with the Past: Trauma and Atrocity233
Peace or Justice? Not Exclusive Alternatives236
Alternative Paths to Reconciliation237
Reconciliation and Conflict Resolution: Going Down the Escalation Ladder242
Recommended reading245
Part IICosmopolitan Conflict Resolution
11Terror and Global Justice249
Conflict Resolution and Terrorism251
Conflict Resolution as a Response256
The First Dimension: Prevention - Reducing Proneness to Terrorism256
Democracy as an Antidote to Terrorism?258
The Second Dimension: Persuasion - Reducing Motivation and Support259
The Third Dimension: Denial - Reducing Vulnerability and Defeating Hardliners262
The Fourth Dimension: Cooperation - Maximizing International Efforts263
Recommended reading264
12Gender in Conflict Resolution265
Stage 1Making Women Visible as Agents of Change266
Stage 2Data-Collection and Case Studies268
Stage 3Rethinking Conflict Resolution Theory270
Stage 4Mainstreaming Gender in Policy-Making and the Empowerment of Women272
Recommended reading274
13The Ethics of Intervention275
Conflict Resolution Roles276
Conflict Resolution Intervention Principles277
From Just War to Just Intervention283
Conclusion: International Ethics, International Law and International Politics286
Recommended reading287
14Dialogue, Discourse and Disagreement288
Interactive Conflict Resolution289
Dialogical Conflict Resolution and Gadamerian Hermeneutics291
Discursive Conflict Transformation and Habermasian Critical Theory295
Conclusion: Taking Radical Disagreement Seriously in Conflict Resolution301
Recommended reading301
15Culture, Religion and Conflict Resolution302
How Far Down Does Cultural Variation Reach?303
Culture and Conflict Resolution: Three Responses307
Religion and Conflict Resolution: Islamic and Buddhist Approaches310
Recommended reading315
16Future Directions: Towards Cosmopolitan Conflict Resolution316
The Nature of the International Collectivity317
The Arrow of the Future: Conflict Resolution and World Politics319
International Law323
International Intervention324
The United Nations325
Conflict Resolution: The Next Generation327

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