Contemporary Issues in Bioethics / Edition 7

Contemporary Issues in Bioethics / Edition 7

by Tom L. Beauchamp, LeRoy Walters, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Anna C. Mastroianni

This anthology represents all major points of view on the central topics in bioethics. It contains current essays and actual medical and legal cases written by outstanding scholars from around the globe. The book provides readers with diverse views from many standpoints, including medical researchers and practitioners, legal experts, and philosophers. See more details below


This anthology represents all major points of view on the central topics in bioethics. It contains current essays and actual medical and legal cases written by outstanding scholars from around the globe. The book provides readers with diverse views from many standpoints, including medical researchers and practitioners, legal experts, and philosophers.

Product Details

Cengage Learning
Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
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7.40(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Pt. IIntroduction to Ethics1
Ch. 1Ethical Theory and Bioethics1
Fundamental Problems1
Types of Ethical Theory12
Ethical Principles21
Law and Policy28
Pt. IIJustice and Autonomy in Health Care39
Ch. 2Justice in Access to Health Care39
"Is There a Right to Health Care and, If So, What Does It Encompass?"46
"Justice, the Basic Social Contract, and Health Care"53
"The Right to a Decent Minimum of Health Care"59
"Rights to Health Care, Social Justice, and Fairness in Health Care Allocations"64
"Securing Health or Just Health Care? The Effect of the Health Care System on the Health of America"72
"Managed Care: How Economic Incentive Reforms Went Wrong"79
"Managed Care: Rationing without Justice, But Not Unjustly"83
"'Rationing' Health Care: Not All Definitions Are Created Equal"90
"Rationing Fairly: Programmatic Considerations"95
"Just Caring: Oregon, Health Care Rationing, and Informed Democratic Deliberation"100
Ch. 3Autonomy Rights and Medical Information109
"Confidentiality in Medicine - A Decrepit Concept"116
Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California119
"AIDS, Confidentiality, and The Right to Know"124
"Telling the Truth to Patients: A Clinical Ethics Exploration"128
"Disclosure of a Diagnosis to Children and Adolescents When Parents Object"133
Canterbury v. Spence139
"Physicians and Patients: A History of Silence"141
"The Concept of Informed Consent"145
"Informed Consent: Some Challenges to the Universal Validity of the Western Model"150
Bouvia v. Superior Court156
Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health159
"Advance Care Planning as a Process: Structuring the Discussions in Practice"164
"Advance Directives: The Next Generation"171
Pt. IIILife and Death179
Ch. 4End-of-Life Decisionmaking179
"A Right to Choose Death?"186
"Is There a Right to Die?"191
The Oregon Death with Dignity Act201
Vacco v. Quill and Washington v. Glucksberg207
Wendland v. Wendland212
"Voluntary Active Euthanasia"216
"Physician-Assisted Suicide: A Tragic View"225
"Voluntary Euthanasia under Control? Further Empirical Evidence from the Netherlands"235
"Slippery Slopes in Flat Countries - A Response"241
"An Alternative to Physician-Assisted Suicide"244
"A Comparison of Voluntarily Stopping Eating and Drinking, Terminal Sedation, Physician-Assisted Suicide, and Voluntary Active Euthanasia"252
Ch. 5Abortion and Maternal-Fetal Relations263
"Why Abortion is Immoral"270
"A Defense of Abortion"278
"The Morality of Abortion"288
"On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion"298
Roe v. Wade308
Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Robert P. Casey, et al., etc312
Carhart v. Stenberg318
Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls, Inc322
In Re A.C.324
"Punishing Mothers"330
"Moral and Social Issues Regarding Pregnant Women Who Use and Abuse Drugs"334
Pt. IVBiomedical Research and Technology345
Ch. 6Research Involving Human and Animal Subjects345
"The Nuremberg Code"354
"Declaration of Helsinki" and "Note of Clarification"355
"International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects"358
"International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals"363
"Research Ethics: International Perspectives"365
"Protecting Research Participants - A Time for Change"371
"The Ethics of Placebo-Controlled Trials - A Middle Ground"379
"Ethical Issues in the Design and Conduct of Clinical Trials in Developing Countries"385
"Justice and Medical Research: A Global Perspective"390
"The Tuskegee Study"394
"In Apology for the Study Done in Tuskegee"402
"Factories of Death"404
"Final Report"413
"The Ethics of Animal Research: What Are the Prospects for Agreement?"418
"Defending Animal Research: An International Perspective"426
"Formulation of Ethical Standards for the Use of Animals in Medical Research"437
"Animal Research: The Need for a Middle Ground"442
Ch. 7Eugenics and Human Genetics451
"Eugenics and Human Rights"457
Buck v. Bell460
"Carrie Buck's Daughter"462
"Eugenics: Some Lessons from the Nazi Experience"467
"Implications of the Human Genome Project for Medical Science"473
"Genes and Politics"479
"From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice"485
"The Human Genome and Our View of Ourselves"496
"Protecting Genetic Privacy"500
"Beyond Consent: Ethical and Social Issues in Genetic Testing"507
"Ethical Issues in Genetic Testing of Children"513
"Principles for Human Gene Therapy Studies"522
"Gene Therapy: Trials and Tribulations"526
"Harm, Ethics Committees and the Gene Therapy Death"531
"Questions about Some Uses of Genetic Engineering"534
"Genetic Enhancement in Humans"544
"The Goodness of Fragility: On the Prospect of Genetic Technologies Aimed at the Enhancement of Human Capabilities"548
Ch. 8Reproductive Technologies and Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research563
"IVF, Infertility, and the Status of Embryos"569
"Feminist Ethics and In Vitro Fertilization"580
"ART into Science: Regulation of Fertility Techniques"589
"Cloning Human Beings: An Assessment of the Ethical Issues Pro and Con"593
"The Wisdom of Repugnance"603
National Bioethics Advisory Commission618
"Human Reproductive Cloning: A Look at the Arguments Against It and a Rejection of Most of Them"621
"Scientific and Medical Aspects of Human Reproductive Cloning"633
"Ethical Issues in Human Stem Cell Research"636
"The Ethics and Politics of Small Sacrifices in Stem Cell Research"646
"The Point of a Ban: Or, How to Think about Stem Cell Research"649
"Stem Cells and the Future of Regenerative Medicine"656
"Using Nuclear Transplantation to Produce Embryonic Stem Cells"658
Pt. VPublic Health665
Ch. 9The Global AIDS Epidemic and the Threat of Bioterrorism665
"The AIDS Epidemic: Considerations for the 21st Century"671
"AIDS Epidemic Update"677
"Reducing Heterosexual Transmission of HIV in Poor Countries"685
"HIV Infection and AIDS in the Public Health and Health Care Systems"691
"AIDS and Global Justice"700
"We All Have AIDS"702
"Africa in the 21st Century: Can Despair Be Turned to Hope?"704
"Is There an Ethics of Heterosexual AIDS?"708
"Ignorance Is Bliss? HIV and Moral Duties and Legal Duties to Forewarn"716
"Women Living with HIV: Disclosure, Violence, and Social Support"724
"Reducing the Odds: Preventing Perinatal Transmission of HIV in the United States"731
"Ethical Issues in Early Detection of HIV Infection to Reduce Vertical Transmission"734
"Early Detection of HIV: Assessing the Legislative Context"742
"Ethical Issues in International HIV Vaccine Trials"750
"The Search for an HIV Vaccine"757
"The Looming Threat of Bioterrorism"761
"Preparedness and Response to Bioterrorism"768
"Large-Scale Quarantine Following Biological Terrorism in the United States: Scientific Examination, Logistic and Legal Limits, and Possible Consequences"775
"Law and Ethics in a Public Health Emergency"784
"Bioterrorism, Public Health, and Civil Liberties"788

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