Contemporary Moral Problems

Contemporary Moral Problems

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by James E. White
     
 

This textbook introduces undergraduates to the study of ethics through an examination of contemporary moral problems. It opens with an overview of the major currents of thought in the history of Western ethics. Each of eight remaining chapters contains readings addressing a particular issue (such as capital punishment or the environmental costs of consumption) from a… See more details below

Overview

This textbook introduces undergraduates to the study of ethics through an examination of contemporary moral problems. It opens with an overview of the major currents of thought in the history of Western ethics. Each of eight remaining chapters contains readings addressing a particular issue (such as capital punishment or the environmental costs of consumption) from a variety of perspectives. These are followed by problem cases for discussion. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780314190185
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
08/01/1996
Edition description:
5TH

Table of Contents

Prefacevii
Chapter 1Ethical Theories1
Introduction2
James Rachels: Egoism and Moral Scepticism10
John Arthur: Religion, Morality, and Conscience19
Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Natural Law27
David Hume: Morality is Based on Sentiment30
William H. Shaw: Ethical Relativism34
John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism38
Immanuel Kant: The Categorical Imperative44
Aristotle: Happiness and Virtue50
John Rawls: A Theory of Justice60
Jean Grimshaw: The Idea of a Female Ethic66
Problem Cases74
Suggested Readings77
Chapter 2Abortion81
Introduction82
The U.S. Supreme Court: Roe v. Wade (1973)88
John T. Noonan, Jr.: An Almost Absolute Value in History98
Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion104
Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion114
Don Marquis: An Argument that Abortion Is Wrong126
Elizabeth Harman: Creation Ethics138
Problem Cases148
Suggested Readings154
Chapter 3Euthanasia and the Duty to Die157
Introduction158
James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia163
Bonnie Steinbock: The Intentional Termination of Life168
Phillippa Foot: Killing and Letting Die174
John Harris: The Survival Lottery180
Peter Singer: Justifying Voluntary Euthanasia186
John Hardwig: Is There a Duty to Die?192
Problem Cases204
Suggested Readings209
Chapter 4Capital Punishment213
Introduction214
The U.S. Supreme Court: Gregg v. Georgia (1976)214
Immanuel Kant: The Retributive Theory of Punishment229
Ernest van den Haag: The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense of Capital Punishment231
Jeffrey H. Reiman: Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty238
Problem Cases249
Suggested Readings252
Chapter 5Sexuality and Marriage255
Introduction256
The Vatican: Declaration on Sexual Ethics260
John Corvino: Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality266
David Bradshaw: A Reply to Corvino277
Martha Nussbaum: Plato and Aristotle on Love284
Sam Schulman: Gay Marriage-and Marriage285
Jonathan Rauch: Who Needs Marriage?294
Problem Cases303
Suggested Readings308
Chapter 6Liberty and Drugs311
Introduction312
John Stuart Mill: On Liberty316
John Hospers: What Libertarianism Is321
Gerald Dworkin: Paternalism330
Thomas Szasz: The Ethics of Addiction343
James Q. Wilson: Against Legalization of Drugs351
Daniel Shapiro: Addiction and Drug Policy360
Problem Cases367
Suggested Readings371
Chapter 7The Moral Status of Animals373
Introduction374
Immanuel Kant: Our Duties to Animals377
Peter Singer: All Animals Are Equal377
Tom Regan: The Case for Animal Rights379
Mary Anne Warren: Difficulties with the Strong Animal Rights Position396
Roger Scruton: The Moral Status of Animals403
Problem Cases408
Suggested Readings410
Chapter 8The Environment and Consumption413
Introduction414
Aldo Leopold: The Land Ethic419
J. Baird Callicot: Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair430
Alan Thein Durning: The Environmental Costs of Consumption447
Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality455
Problem Cases464
Suggested Readings470
Chapter 9War and Terrorism473
Introduction480
Douglas P. Lackey: Pacifism480
William V. O'Brien: The Conduct of Just and Limited War494
Haig Khatchadourian: The Morality of Terrorism507
Laurie Calhoun: The Terrorist's Tacit Message520
David Luban: The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights527
Michael G. Knapp: The Concept and Practice of Jihad in Islam534
Problem Cases545
Suggested Readings555
Index559

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