Contemporary Moral Problems

Contemporary Moral Problems

by James E. White
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0495739154

ISBN-13: 9780495739159

Pub. Date: 01/28/2008

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Where do you ground your own moral claims? James E. White's classic anthology, Contemporary Moral Problems, first prepares you for this exploration by laying out an introduction to the major currents of thought in the history of Western ethics. And then, by offering divergent viewpoints on a number of timely issues, White's text introduces you to the spectrum of views

Overview

Where do you ground your own moral claims? James E. White's classic anthology, Contemporary Moral Problems, first prepares you for this exploration by laying out an introduction to the major currents of thought in the history of Western ethics. And then, by offering divergent viewpoints on a number of timely issues, White's text introduces you to the spectrum of views on a range of topics that will help you hone in on your own critically ethical outlooks. Whether the topic is abortion, euthanasia, the death penalty, sexuality and marriage, liberty and drugs, the moral status of animals, consumption and the environment, or war and terrorism, each chapter offers a carefully balanced representation of viewpoints. Replete with philosopher biographies, compelling problem cases, illuminating introductory essays, summaries of conclusions, and end-of-chapter study questions, the Eighth Edition situates ethical complexities within concrete, real world contexts you can readily grasp.

In addition to numerous essential and timeless readings carried over from the past edition, this extensively updated Eighth Edition includes 18 new classical and contemporary readings, some of which include the following ethicists and topics: William H. Shaw on relativism in ethics, Jean Grimshaw on the idea of a female ethic, Elizabeth Harmon on creation ethics, John Hardwig on the duty to die, Ernest van den Haag and Jeffrey H. Reiman on capital punishment, Martha Nussbaum and Sam Schulman on sexuality and marriage, John Hospers on libertarianism, Gerald Dworkin on paternalism, Daniel Shapiro on addiction and drug policy, Mary Anne Warren on the moral status of animals, Roger Scruton on the moral status of animals, David Luban on the war on terrorism and the end of human rights, Michael G. Knapp on the concept and practice of Jihad in Islam.

Enrich your learning experience even further by visiting the Book Companion Website, offering a rich array of teaching and learning resources that you won't find anywhere else. Available at no additional cost, this site features additional cases, chapter-by-chapter outlines, reviews, and quizzing exclusively pertaining to Contemporary Moral Problems. From this site you can also link to our Philosophy Discipline Website, which was created for inquiring minds.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780495739159
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
01/28/2008
Edition description:
New Edition

Table of Contents

Prefacevii
Chapter 1Ethical Theories1
Introduction2
James Rachels: Egoism and Moral Scepticism10
John Arthur: Religion, Morality, and Conscience19
Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Natural Law27
David Hume: Morality is Based on Sentiment30
William H. Shaw: Ethical Relativism34
John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism38
Immanuel Kant: The Categorical Imperative44
Aristotle: Happiness and Virtue50
John Rawls: A Theory of Justice60
Jean Grimshaw: The Idea of a Female Ethic66
Problem Cases74
Suggested Readings77
Chapter 2Abortion81
Introduction82
The U.S. Supreme Court: Roe v. Wade (1973)88
John T. Noonan, Jr.: An Almost Absolute Value in History98
Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion104
Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion114
Don Marquis: An Argument that Abortion Is Wrong126
Elizabeth Harman: Creation Ethics138
Problem Cases148
Suggested Readings154
Chapter 3Euthanasia and the Duty to Die157
Introduction158
James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia163
Bonnie Steinbock: The Intentional Termination of Life168
Phillippa Foot: Killing and Letting Die174
John Harris: The Survival Lottery180
Peter Singer: Justifying Voluntary Euthanasia186
John Hardwig: Is There a Duty to Die?192
Problem Cases204
Suggested Readings209
Chapter 4Capital Punishment213
Introduction214
The U.S. Supreme Court: Gregg v. Georgia (1976)214
Immanuel Kant: The Retributive Theory of Punishment229
Ernest van den Haag: The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense of Capital Punishment231
Jeffrey H. Reiman: Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty238
Problem Cases249
Suggested Readings252
Chapter 5Sexuality and Marriage255
Introduction256
The Vatican: Declaration on Sexual Ethics260
John Corvino: Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality266
David Bradshaw: A Reply to Corvino277
Martha Nussbaum: Plato and Aristotle on Love284
Sam Schulman: Gay Marriage-and Marriage285
Jonathan Rauch: Who Needs Marriage?294
Problem Cases303
Suggested Readings308
Chapter 6Liberty and Drugs311
Introduction312
John Stuart Mill: On Liberty316
John Hospers: What Libertarianism Is321
Gerald Dworkin: Paternalism330
Thomas Szasz: The Ethics of Addiction343
James Q. Wilson: Against Legalization of Drugs351
Daniel Shapiro: Addiction and Drug Policy360
Problem Cases367
Suggested Readings371
Chapter 7The Moral Status of Animals373
Introduction374
Immanuel Kant: Our Duties to Animals377
Peter Singer: All Animals Are Equal377
Tom Regan: The Case for Animal Rights379
Mary Anne Warren: Difficulties with the Strong Animal Rights Position396
Roger Scruton: The Moral Status of Animals403
Problem Cases408
Suggested Readings410
Chapter 8The Environment and Consumption413
Introduction414
Aldo Leopold: The Land Ethic419
J. Baird Callicot: Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair430
Alan Thein Durning: The Environmental Costs of Consumption447
Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality455
Problem Cases464
Suggested Readings470
Chapter 9War and Terrorism473
Introduction480
Douglas P. Lackey: Pacifism480
William V. O'Brien: The Conduct of Just and Limited War494
Haig Khatchadourian: The Morality of Terrorism507
Laurie Calhoun: The Terrorist's Tacit Message520
David Luban: The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights527
Michael G. Knapp: The Concept and Practice of Jihad in Islam534
Problem Cases545
Suggested Readings555
Index559

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