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Contemporary Security and Strategy / Edition 2

Contemporary Security and Strategy / Edition 2

by Craig A. Snyder

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ISBN-10: 0230520960

ISBN-13: 9780230520967

Pub. Date: 03/18/2008

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

The study of security and strategy has been transformed by the need to rethink many basic underlying assumptions following the Cold War. This new text brings together a range of specially commissioned chapters to provide an accessible introduction to both new and traditional approaches.

Much current debate in the field is polarized between those taking traditional


The study of security and strategy has been transformed by the need to rethink many basic underlying assumptions following the Cold War. This new text brings together a range of specially commissioned chapters to provide an accessible introduction to both new and traditional approaches.

Much current debate in the field is polarized between those taking traditional approaches to traditional issues (such as the role of NATO in preserving state security in Europe) and those applying new approaches to new issues (such as feminist investigations of global power relationships). Within and between both camps there has been much controversy as to whether and to what extent the concept of security should be broadened to include non-military threats to security such as the environment, human rights and the movement of people across international borders. This has often made it difficult for those new to strategy and security to find a clear starting-point for their studies. The aim of this book is to provide just such an introduction to the realist approach, which has traditionally dominated the field, and to new approaches. While focusing primarily on the strategic dimension of security studies, it sets this clearly in the context of broader debates and examines in detail different levels of security from the individual and societal to the regional and global.

The book begins by looking at the evolution of strategic thought. This leads to a discussion of how the international system is constructed and what implications this has for how we think about and define security. Is what is being secured a state, an individual or an ethnic community? The last part of the book examines some of the current debates within the field: nuclear deterrence, nuclear strategy, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (especially the spread of these weapons to India and Pakistan), and developments in modern warfare - including the emerging Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA).

Product Details

Palgrave Macmillan
Publication date:
Edition description:
Second Edition
Product dimensions:
6.16(w) x 9.27(h) x 0.65(d)

Table of Contents

Notes on Contributors     xii
Acknowledgements     xvi
List of Acronyms     xvii
Contemporary Security and Strategy     1
Introduction     1
The study of security     1
Strategic and security studies: what's in a name?     3
Development of strategic studies during the cold war     4
Post-cold war developments and the shift in thinking     7
Re-defining security     8
Structure of this book     9
Further reading     13
Realism and Security Studies     14
Introduction     14
What is realism?     14
The development of realist thought     18
Criticisms of realism     20
Realism and the democratic peace     23
Debates in contemporary realist theory     25
The future of realism     27
Realism and predicting the end of the cold war     27
Realism and the purported obsolescence of war     29
Realism and internal conflict and ethnic war     30
Realism and terrorism     30
Realism and the international response to US power     31
Realism and globalization     31
Realism and the newagenda of global politics     32
Conclusion     32
Further reading     33
Beyond Strategy: Critical Thinking on the New Security Studies     34
Introduction     34
Beyond strategy: security, critical theory and the end of the cold war     36
From strategic studies to the study of security     40
Whose security?     41
Societal security and the Copenhagen School     42
How to achieve security     46
Waever and 'securitization'     49
How to study security     51
Security and science     51
Security and social construction     54
Critical security studies     57
Conclusion     58
Further reading     59
Non-Military Security Challenges     60
Introduction     60
The logic of security     61
Human insecurity     62
Societal insecurity     64
Migration and insecurity     65
Climate change and insecurity     67
Water and resource conflicts     68
Energy insecurity     70
Transnational organized crime     71
Narcotics trafficking      72
Human trafficking     72
Arms trafficking     73
Health insecurity     74
Conclusion     76
Further reading     77
Thinking and Rethinking the Causes of War     79
Introduction     79
Theory and impasse     81
Causae belli: sketching the terrain of debate     84
Out of bounds: the political beyond the debates     87
New ways of war and old ways of thinking     89
Conclusion: rethinking war and the questions we ask     92
Further reading     93
The Evolution of Strategy and the New World Order     95
Introduction: on strategy in general     95
Strategic thinking: the traditional schools     99
The second wave     100
Interwar airpower theory     103
Blitzkrieg ideas     105
Military thinking in the cold war     108
Post-cold war challenges     112
The military strategies of the post-cold war era     113
The expeditionary impulse     114
Peace support operations     115
Security and counter-terrorism operations     116
Further reading     117
The Transformation of War      118
Introduction     118
Transformation of the 'warfighting paradigm'     120
The military revolution     120
The revolution in military affairs     122
Transformation     123
Transformation in the 'social mode of warfare'     124
Transformation in the 'historical structure of war'     128
Conclusion     132
Further reading     134
Nuclear Strategy     136
Introduction     136
US nuclear strategy     137
The cold war     137
After the cold war     140
Into the twenty-first century: the 'global war on terror' and confronting the 'axis of evil'     141
The other nuclear powers     143
Capabilities     144
Deterrence     145
Compellence, 'crazy' states and 'known unknowns'     148
Conclusion     149
Further reading     151
Emerging Nuclear States and the Challenge of Non-Proliferation     153
Introduction     153
The challenge to the nuclear non-proliferation regime     154
The nuclear non-proliferation regime     155
Beyond horizontal proliferation: the evolution of nuclear programmes      158
Beyond dependence: nuclear industrial development     159
Responding to the nuclear proliferation challenge     162
The implications for the nuclear non-proliferation regime     165
The conceptual basis of non-proliferation     166
Non-proliferation norms     167
Conclusion     168
Further reading     169
Terrorism and Insurgency     170
Introduction     170
What is terrorism?     171
The causes of terrorism     173
Al-Qaeda and the future of terrorism     179
What is insurgency?     183
The dilemmas of counter-insurgency     186
Conclusion     188
Further reading     189
Intervention     190
Introduction     190
The future of military intervention     191
Definition of intervention     192
Types of intervention: a typology     194
Non-peace operations     195
Peace operations     199
To intervene or not to intervene?     202
Criteria for success     203
What are the mechanics of a successful intervention?     206
Further reading      209
Great Powers and the International System: Between Unilateralism and Multilateralism     210
Introduction     210
Great powers in the international system     211
Great powers: a quaint anachronism?     216
Great powers and contemporary security and strategy     222
Further reading     226
Regional Security and Regional Conflict     227
Introduction     227
What is a region?     228
Regionalism     229
New regionalism theory     232
Development of regional security     234
Regional security threats     237
Conclusion     241
Further reading     242
Bibliography     243
Index     269

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