Contending Voices, Volume I: To 1877 / Edition 3

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Overview

Each chapter in CONTENDING VOICES examines the lives of two individuals, some of them familiar historical figures and some of them lesser known, who took opposing positions on important issues in American history. The "paired biographies" in the text are followed by a set of four to six related primary sources, many in the individuals' own voices; a "Questions to Consider" section; and an annotated bibliography. This unique format promotes critical thinking and engages students in historical debates.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780495904724
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 8/11/2010
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

John Hollitz received his PhD from the University of Wisconsin in 1981 and has been professor of history at the Community College of Southern Nevada since 1992. Previously, he taught at California State University, Chico. In addition to CONTENDING VOICES, John has also authored a biographical reader, THINKING THROUGH THE PAST (2010). John is a dedicated teacher of the U.S. History survey course.

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Table of Contents

Preface ix

1 The Cross and the Sword in Spain's New World: Bartolomé de Las Casas and Hernán Cortés 1

Source 1 Cortés Describes the Aztecs (1519, 1520) 11

Source 2 An Aztec View of the Temple Massacre (ca. 1550) 13

Source 3 Cortés Defends Encomiendas (1522) 14

Source 4 Las Casas Attacks Conversion by Conquest (1537) 15

Source 5 Las Casas Attacks Encomiendas (1542) 16

2 Revolt on the Virginia Frontier: Nathaniel Bacon and William Berkeley 18

Source 1 Frontier Planters Appeal to Governor William Berkeley (Spring 1676) 28

Source 2 "Declaration and Remonstrance" (May 1676) William Berkeley 29

Source 3 A Summary of the June Assembly's Laws (1676) 30

Source 4 Bacon's Manifesto (July 1676) 30

Source 5 Grievances Submitted to the King's Commissioners (1677) 31

3 Enthusiasm, Authority, and the Great Awakening: James Davenport and Charles Chauncy 34

Source 1 "A Song of Praise" (1742) 44

Source 2 Enthusiasm Described and Caution'd Against (1742) Charles Chauncy 45

Source 3 "A Report on Religious Excess at New London" (1743) 47

Source 4 Confession and Retractions (1744) James Davenport 48

Source 5 Seasonable Thoughts on the State of Religion in New-England (1743) Charles Chauncy 49

4 The Price of Patriotism: Jonathan Sewall and John Adams 51

Source 1 "Instructions of the Town of Braintree to the Representative" (1765) 61

Source 2 Jonathan Sewall Offers a Defense of British Authority (1771) 62

Source 3 Jonathan Sewall on the Revolutionary Threat (1775) 63

Source 4 "Novanglus" (1775) John Adams 64

5 The Conflict over the Constitution: Patrick Henry and James Madison 67

Source 1 "Observations on the New Constitution" (1788) Mercy Otis Warren 76

Source 2 "The Federalist No. 10" (1788) James Madison 77

Source 3 Speech to the Virginia Convention (June 4, 1788) Patrick Henry 78

Source 4 Speech to the Virginia Convention (June 5, 1788) Patrick Henry 79

Source 5 "The Federalist No. 39" (1788) James Madison 80

6 Political Conflict in the Early Republic: Benjamin Franklin Bache and Alexander Hamilton 83

Source 1 "To the People of the United States" (1794) Alexander Hamilton 93

Source 2 Benjamin Bache on Hamilton and the Whiskey Rebellion (1794) 95

Source 3 "The French Revolution" (1794) Alexander Hamiltons 96

Source 4 Resolutions of the Pennsylvania Democratic Society (1794) 97

Source 5 Hamilton Defends Jay's Treaty (1795) 98

Source 6 Benjamin Bache Assaults Jay's Treaty (1795) 100

7 Resistance and Western Expansion: Tecumseh and William Henry Harrison 103

Source 1 Letter to William Henry Harrison (1803) Thomas Jefferson 111

Source 2 Letter to William Eustis, Secretary of War (1809) William Henry Harrison 112

Source 3 A Discourse on the Aborigines of the Ohio Valley (1839) William Henry Harrison 113

Source 4 Tecumseh, Speech to Harrison at Vincennes (1810) 113

Source 5 Tecumseh, "Sleep Not Longer, O Choctaws and Chickasaws" (1811) 114

8 The Fruits of the Factory System: Sarah Bagley and Nathan Appleton 117

Source 1 "The Introduction of the Power Loom, and Origin of Lowell" (1858) Nathan Appleton 128

Source 2 Regulations of the Appleton Company (1833) 129

Source 3 "The Pleasures of Factory Life" (1840) Sarah Bagley 130

Source 4 "Voluntary?" (1845) Sarah Bagley 131

Source 5 "Labor, Its Relations, in Europe and the United States, Compared" (1844) Nathan Appleton 131

9 Politics, Morality, and Race in the Abolitionist Crusade: William Lloyd Garrison and Frederick Douglass 134

Source 1 Detail of Liberator Masthead (1831) 145

Source 2 Garrison Announces His New Reform Policy (1837) 146

Source 3 Douglass Recounts His Life as a Slave (1845) 147

Source 4 Garrison Announces "No Union with Slaveholders" (1844) 148

Source 5 Frederick Douglass Responds to William Lloyd Garrison (1853) 149

Source 6 "The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro" (1852) Frederick Douglass 150

10 The Feminine Sphere in Antebellum Society: Catharine Beecher and Elizabeth Cady Stanton 153

Source 1 "Differences Between the Sexes" (1835) 165

Source 2 Catharine Beecher on Women's Proper Place (1837) 166

Source 3 A Treatise on Domestic Economy (1841) Catharine Beecher 168

Source 4 Elizabeth Cady Stanton Addresses the Seneca Falls Convention (1848) 169

Source 5 Elizabeth Cady Stanton Answers the Critics of Woman's Rights (1848) 170

11 Manifest Destiny and Conquest: Thomas Larkin and Juan Bautista Alvarado 173

Source 1 Richard Henry Dana Assesses the Californios (1840) 183

Source 2 Thomas Larkin on the Situation in California (1845) 184

Source 3 Juan Bautista Alvarado on the Conquest of California (1876) 185

Source 4 Vigilante Justice in Los Angeles (1857) 186

12 The South and the Slavery Debate: Hinton Rowan Helper and George Fitzhugh 189

Source 1 Slavery Justified (1850) George Fitzhugh 198

Source 2 Cannibals All! (1857) George Fitzhugh 199

Source 3 Hinton Rowan Helper on Chinese Immigrants (1855) 201

Source 4 The Impending Crisis of the South (1857) Hinton Rowan Helper 202

Source 5 Reminiscences of Georgia (1850) Emily Burke 203

13 Yankees and "Border Ruffians" in "Bleeding Kansas": Sara Robinson and David Atchison 207

Source 1 "Address to the People of the Southern States" (1849) John C. Calhoun 218

Source 2 Report of the Committee to Investigate the Troubles in Kansas (1856) 219

Source 3 Sara Robinson on "Bleeding Kansas" (1856) 220

Source 4 Sara Robinson on the "Sack" of Lawrence (1856) 221

Source 5 David Atchison on the "Abolitionist" Threat (1856) 222

14 Mr. Lincoln's War: Clement Vallandigham and Benjamin Wade 225

Source 1 Benjamin Wade Assaults a Southern Colleague (1854) 235

Source 2 Letter to Horace Greeley (1862) Abraham Lincoln 236

Source 3 The Wade-Davis Manifesto (1864) Benjamin Wade Henry Davis 237

Source 4 "The Great Civil War in America" (1863) Clement Vallandigham 238

Source 5 Clement Vallandigham Attacks Benjamin Wade (1862) 239

15 Race and Redemption in the Reconstructed South: Robert Smalls and Wade Hampton 242

Source 1 "Memorial to the Senate and House of Representatives" (1865) Zion Presbyterian Church 254

Source 2 Wade Hampton Protests to the President (1866) 255

Source 3 A Northerner Assesses Southern Attitudes (1866) 257

Source 4 Wade Hampton Testifies before a Congressional Committee (1871) 259

Source 5 Representative Robert Smalls Protests the Withdrawal of Federal Troops (1876) 263

Source 6 Instructions to Red Shirts (1876) 265

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