Contending with Modernity; Catholic Higher Education in the Twentieth Century / Edition 1

Contending with Modernity; Catholic Higher Education in the Twentieth Century / Edition 1

by Philip Gleason
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195098285

ISBN-13: 9780195098280

Pub. Date: 12/28/1995

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

How did Catholic colleges and universities deal with the modernization of education and the rise of research universities? In this book, Philip Gleason offers the first comprehensive study of Catholic higher education in the twentieth century, tracing the evolution of responses to an increasingly secular educational system. At the beginning of the century,

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Overview

How did Catholic colleges and universities deal with the modernization of education and the rise of research universities? In this book, Philip Gleason offers the first comprehensive study of Catholic higher education in the twentieth century, tracing the evolution of responses to an increasingly secular educational system. At the beginning of the century, Catholics accepted modernization in the organizational sphere while resisting it ideologically. Convinced of the truth of their religious and intellectual position, the restructured Catholic colleges grew rapidly after World War I, committed to educating for a "Catholic Renaissance." This spirit of militance carried over into the post-World War II era, but new currents were also stirring as Catholics began to look more favorably on modernity in its American form. Meanwhile, their colleges and universities were being transformed by continuing growth and professionalization. By the 1960's, changes in church teaching and cultural upheaval in American society reinforced the internal transformation already under way, creating an "identity crisis" which left Catholic educators uncertain of their purpose. Emphasizing the importance to American culture of the growth of education at all levels, Gleason connects the Catholic story with major national trends and historical events. By situating developments in higher education within the context of American Catholic thought, Contending with Modernity provides the fullest account available of the intellectual development of American Catholicism in the twentieth century.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195098280
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
12/28/1995
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
448
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.56(h) x 1.17(d)
Lexile:
1700L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Introduction: Catholic Higher Education in 19003
1Awaking to the Organizational Challenge21
Symptoms of Crisis22
Realignment of Secondary and Collegiate Education32
2Rationalizing the Catholic System39
The Problem of Unity and the Role of the Catholic University39
The Origins and Early Development of the CEA43
The High School Movement and Standardization46
Standing Firm by the Ratio Studiorum51
Biting the Curricular Bullet55
3The Impact of World War I62
The NCWC and the Issue of Centralization63
Standardization Once Again69
The Students' Army Training Corps72
4A New Beginning: Catholic Colleges 1900-193081
The Catholic University of America84
Catholic Women's Colleges, 1900-193089
The University Movement, 1900-192595
5The Intellectual Context105
The Scholastic Revival105
Neoscholasticism and the Catholic Worldview114
6The Beginnings of the Catholic Renaissance124
Americanism and Its Medieval Scholastic Background125
The Postwar Catholic Resurgence131
Developments in the Colleges136
7The Catholic Revival Reaches Full Flood146
1928 and After: The Post-Al Smith Context146
Creating a Catholic Culture148
Catholic Action: Background and Beginnings152
Catholic Action and the Colleges154
Philosophy and Theology163
8Institutional Developments: Moving into Graduate Work167
Graduate Work: Background and Beginnings169
Graduate Expansion in the 1920s171
Jesuit Self-Criticism and Reform178
9The Tribulations of the Thirties184
Problems with Accreditation184
Reorganization and Its Tensions188
Graduate Work Once Again197
10World War II and Institutional Shifts209
Specialized Wartime Programs211
Research, Development, and Expanding Educational Horizons215
Graduate Work and Related Developments220
The Sister Formation Movement226
11Assimilative Tendencies and Curricular Crosscurrents235
Catholic Colleges and the Race Issue235
Catholics and the Postwar Student Movement240
Debating the Liberal Arts246
The Drive for Curricular Integration250
Religion versus Theology256
12Controversy: Backlash Against the Catholic Revival261
The Anti-Catholic Backlash261
The Catholic Campaign Against Secularism264
Secularism and the Family Crisis268
John Courtney Murray and the Church-State Issue274
13Transition to a New Era283
The Historical Recovery of Americanism283
Self-Criticism and the Search for Excellence287
The Splintering of the Scholastic Synthesis297
14The End of an Era305
The Contagion of Liberty305
Accepting Modernity318
Abbreviations Used in Notes323
Notes325
Index419

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