Contested Ground: Comparative Frontiers on the Northern and Southern Edges of the Spanish Empire / Edition 1

Contested Ground: Comparative Frontiers on the Northern and Southern Edges of the Spanish Empire / Edition 1

by Donna J. Guy
     
 


The Spanish empire in the Americas spanned two continents and a vast diversity of peoples and landscapes. Yet intriguing parallels characterized conquest, colonization, and indigenous resistance along its northern and southern frontiers, from the role played by Jesuit missions in the subjugation of native peoples to the emergence of livestock industries,See more details below

Overview


The Spanish empire in the Americas spanned two continents and a vast diversity of peoples and landscapes. Yet intriguing parallels characterized conquest, colonization, and indigenous resistance along its northern and southern frontiers, from the role played by Jesuit missions in the subjugation of native peoples to the emergence of livestock industries, with their attendant cowboys and gauchos and threats of Indian raids. In this book, nine historians, three anthropologists, and one sociologist compare and contrast these fringes of New Spain between 1500 and 1880, showing that in each region the frontier represented contested ground where different cultures and polities clashed in ways heretofore little understood. The contributors reveal similarities in Indian-white relations, military policy, economic development, and social structure; and they show differences in instances such as the emergence of a major urban center in the south and the activities of rival powers. The authors also show how ecological and historical differences between the northern and southern frontiers produced intellectual differences as well. In North America, the frontier came to be viewed as a land of opportunity and a crucible of democracy; in the south, it was considered a spawning ground of barbarism and despotism. By exploring issues of ethnicity and gender as well as the different facets of indigenous resistance, both violent and nonviolent, these essays point up both the vitality and the volatility of the frontier as a place where power was constantly being contested and negotiated.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780816518609
Publisher:
University of Arizona Press
Publication date:
04/01/1998
Series:
Southwest Center Series Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
280
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
1On Frontiers: The Northern and Southern Edges of the Spanish Empire in the Americas3
2The Jesuit Mission Frontier in Comparative Perspective: The Reductions of the Rio de la Plata and the Missions of Northwestern Mexico, 1588-170016
3Indigenous Rebellions on the Northern Mexican Mission Frontier: From First-Generation to Later Colonial Responses32
4The Colonial Pact and Changing Ethnic Frontiers in Highland Sonora, 1740-184052
5Women of the Buenos Aires Frontier, 1740-1810 (or the Gaucho Turned Upside Down)67
6Spanish Colonial Military Strategy and Ideology83
7Comparative Raiding Economies: North and South97
8Interethnic Conflict and Resistance on the Brazilian Frontier of Goias, 1750-1890115
9North to the Yerbales: The Exploitation of the Paraguayan Frontier, 1776-1810135
10The Rio de la Plata and the Greater Southwest: A View from World-System Theory150
11The Frontier as an Arena of Social and Economic Change: Wealth Distribution in Nineteenth-Century Buenos Aires Province167
12Two, Three, Many Barbarisms? The Chihuahuan Frontier in Transition from Society to Politics182
Notes201
Bibliography221
About the Contributors261
About the Editors263
Index265

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