Contested Ground: Comparative Frontiers on the Northern and Southern Edges of the Spanish Empire / Edition 1

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The Spanish empire in the Americas spanned two continents and a vast diversity of peoples and landscapes. Yet intriguing parallels characterized conquest, colonization, and indigenous resistance along its northern and southern frontiers, from the role played by Jesuit missions in the subjugation of native peoples to the emergence of livestock industries, with their attendant cowboys and gauchos and threats of Indian raids. In this book, nine historians, three anthropologists, and one sociologist compare and contrast these fringes of New Spain between 1500 and 1880, showing that in each region the frontier represented contested ground where different cultures and polities clashed in ways heretofore little understood. The contributors reveal similarities in Indian-white relations, military policy, economic development, and social structure; and they show differences in instances such as the emergence of a major urban center in the south and the activities of rival powers. The authors also show how ecological and historical differences between the northern and southern frontiers produced intellectual differences as well. In North America, the frontier came to be viewed as a land of opportunity and a crucible of democracy; in the south, it was considered a spawning ground of barbarism and despotism. By exploring issues of ethnicity and gender as well as the different facets of indigenous resistance, both violent and nonviolent, these essays point up both the vitality and the volatility of the frontier as a place where power was constantly being contested and negotiated.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"An anthology that gives readers a whole that is much greater than the sum of its uniformly excellent parts. Taken together, these essays not only present a carefully nuanced overview of the similarities and contrasts between these outer reaches of the Spanish empire but they also suggest stimulating new avenues of empirical research and theoretical inquiry." —New Mexico Historical Review"Fascinating essays . . . a healthy counterpoint to the Turnerian frontier thesis." —Western Historical Quarterly"A model of comparative history which will do much to advance the new teaching and research field of Latin American frontiers and borderlands." —The Americas"Specialists in either 'frontier' will learn much about the other from these excellent comparative histories." —Pacific Historical Review
Nine historians, three anthropologists, and one sociologist compare and contrast regional aspects of Spanish conquest, colonization, and indigenous resistance in New Spain between 1500 and 1880. They reveal similarities in Indian-white relations, military policy, economic development, and social structure, and show differences in the emergence of major urban centers and the activities of rival powers. Based on papers from meetings held in 1992 and 1993. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816518609
  • Publisher: University of Arizona Press
  • Publication date: 4/1/1998
  • Series: Southwest Center Series Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 280
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Donna J. Guy is a professor of history at the University of Arizona. Author of Sex and Danger in Buenos Aires: Prostitution, Family, and Nation in Argentina, she has written three books and more than 25 articles on Argentine history. Thomas E. Sheridan holds a joint appointment as professor of Anthropology at the Southwest Center and the Department of Anthropology at the University of Arizona. He has authored or co-edited eleven other books.
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Table of Contents

1 On Frontiers: The Northern and Southern Edges of the Spanish Empire in the Americas 3
2 The Jesuit Mission Frontier in Comparative Perspective: The Reductions of the Rio de la Plata and the Missions of Northwestern Mexico, 1588-1700 16
3 Indigenous Rebellions on the Northern Mexican Mission Frontier: From First-Generation to Later Colonial Responses 32
4 The Colonial Pact and Changing Ethnic Frontiers in Highland Sonora, 1740-1840 52
5 Women of the Buenos Aires Frontier, 1740-1810 (or the Gaucho Turned Upside Down) 67
6 Spanish Colonial Military Strategy and Ideology 83
7 Comparative Raiding Economies: North and South 97
8 Interethnic Conflict and Resistance on the Brazilian Frontier of Goias, 1750-1890 115
9 North to the Yerbales: The Exploitation of the Paraguayan Frontier, 1776-1810 135
10 The Rio de la Plata and the Greater Southwest: A View from World-System Theory 150
11 The Frontier as an Arena of Social and Economic Change: Wealth Distribution in Nineteenth-Century Buenos Aires Province 167
12 Two, Three, Many Barbarisms? The Chihuahuan Frontier in Transition from Society to Politics 182
Notes 201
Bibliography 221
About the Contributors 261
About the Editors 263
Index 265
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