The book presents an in-depth study of arbitrary one-dimensional continuous strong Markov processes using methods of stochastic calculus. Departing from the classical approaches, a unified investigation of regular as well as arbitrary non-regular diffusions is provided. A general construction method for such processes, based on a generalization of the concept of a perfect additive functional, is developed. The intrinsic decomposition of a continuous strong Markov semimartingale is discovered. The book also investigates relations to stochastic differential equations and fundamental examples of irregular diffusions.
Preface.- Basic Concepts and Preparatory Results.- Classification of the Points of the State Space.- Weakly Additive Functionals and Time Change of Strong Markov Processes.- Semimartingale Decomposition of Continuous Strong Markov Semimartingales.- Occupation Time Formula.- Construction of Continuous Strong Markov Processes.- Continuous Strong Markov Semimartingales as Solutions of Stochastic Differential Equations.- Appendix 1.- Appendix 2.- References.- Index.- Symbols.