The Contradictory College: The Conflicting Origins, Impacts, and Futures of the Community College / Edition 1

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Overview

This book systematically analyzes the evidence on four key issues that have divided commentators on the community college: The community college's impact on students, business, and the universities; the factors behind its rise since 1900; the cause of its swift vocationalization after 1960; and what direction the community college should take in the future.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780791419564
  • Publisher: State University of New York Press
  • Publication date: 1/28/1994
  • Series: SUNY Series in Frontiers of Education
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 380
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.85 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Section I: Introduction

1: The Community College's Importance and Controversiality

The Debate over the Community College
The Aims of This Book
The Content of the Chapters

2: The Debate Deepened

The Debate over the Effects of the Community College
The Debate over Why Community Colleges Were Established
The Debate over Why Community Colleges Were Vocationalized
Summary and Conclusions

Section II: Outcomes

3: The Community College's Impact on Students, the Economy, and the Universities

The Impact on Business and the Economy
The Impact on the Elite State Universities
The Effects on Students

Access to Higher Education
Educational Attainment
Economic Attainment

Summary and Conclusions

4: How Does the Community College Hinder Baccalaureate Attainment?

Attrition in the Freshman and Sophomore Years
Failure to Transfer to Four-Year Colleges
Attrition after Transfer
Summary and Conclusions

Section III: The Origins and Expansion of the Community College

5: The Founding of Community Colleges:Introduction

The Stages of Community College Growth
Studying the Founding of Community Colleges
Explaining Community College Expansion

6: Local-Level Institution Building: The Centrality of Local Educators

Private Interest Group Pressure Was Not the Main Cause
The Key Role of Local School Officials and Other Educators

7: State-Level Advocates: The Interests of Governors and State University Officials

How Involved Were Nongovernmental Actors?
Government Agencies and Officials Weigh In

8: National-Level Reinforcement of Local and State Initiatives

The Limited Impact of Private Interest Group Pressure
Governmental Initiative

9: The Politics of Community College Founding: Summary and Conclusions

Convergences and Divergences with the Institutional Perspective
From Diverse Origins to Contradictory Effects
Explaining the Homogeneity of Community College Expansion

Section IV: The Origins of Occupational Education

10: The Vocationalization of the Community College: Introduction

The Timing of Occupational-Education Development
Studying the Process of Vocationalization
Explaining the Expansion of Occupational Education

11: Local-Level Vocationalization: Community College Heads as Vocational Entrepreneurs

Business and Student Demand Are an Insufficient Explanation
Community College Officials Take the Lead

12: State Governors and Legislators Discover Occupational Education

Business and Student Pressure Are Not the Explanation
The Interests of Government Officials

13: National-Level Support for Vocationalization

Governmental Initiative
The Limited Impact of Private Pressure

14: The Politics of Vocationalization: Summary and Conclusions

Convergences and Divergences with the Institutional Perspective

Section V: Implications of the Research

15: From Research to Practice: The Policy Implications of the Community College's Impact on Students

The Noncollegiate Program

The Reforms Detailed Evaluation: These Reforms Would Exacerbate the Problem
Hindering Baccalaureate Aspirants
Gutting General Education

The Collegiate Program

The Collegiate Reforms Detailed

Reducing Attrition in the Lower Division
Increasing the Transfer Rate
Reducing Post-Transfer Attrition

Evaluation: These Reforms Are Necessary but Insufficient

Structural Reform

Transforming Community Colleges into Four-Year Colleges
Converting Community Colleges into State University Branches

Summary and Conclusions

16: From Research to Theory: Implications for Educational History and Politics and Political Sociology

Educational Change
Politics of Education
Political Sociology
Conclusion

Notes

References

Index

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