Control Theory for Humans: Quantitative Approaches to Modeling and Performance

Control Theory for Humans: Quantitative Approaches to Modeling and Performance

by Richard J. Jagacinski, John M. Flach
     
 

ISBN-10: 0805822925

ISBN-13: 9780805822922

Pub. Date: 10/28/2002

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This textbook provides a tutorial introduction to behavioral applications of control theory. Control theory describes the information one should be sensitive to and the pattern of influence that one should exert on a dynamic system in order to achieve a goal. As such, it is applicable to various forms of dynamic behavior. The book primarily deals with manual

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Overview

This textbook provides a tutorial introduction to behavioral applications of control theory. Control theory describes the information one should be sensitive to and the pattern of influence that one should exert on a dynamic system in order to achieve a goal. As such, it is applicable to various forms of dynamic behavior. The book primarily deals with manual control (e.g., moving the cursor on a computer screen, lifting an object, hitting a ball, driving a car), both as a substantive area of study and as a useful perspective for approaching control theory. It is the experience of the authors that by imagining themselves as part of a manual control system, students are better able to learn numerous concepts in this field.

Topics include varieties of control theory, such as classical, optimal, fuzzy, adaptive, and learning control, as well as perception and decision making in dynamic contexts. The authors also discuss implications of control theory for how experiments can be conducted in the behavioral sciences. In each of these areas they have provided brief essays intended to convey key concepts that enable the reader to more easily pursue additional readings. Behavioral scientists teaching control courses will be very interested in this book.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780805822922
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
10/28/2002
Pages:
394
Product dimensions:
7.10(w) x 9.90(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

About the Authors
Preface
1Perception/Action: A Systems Approach1
2Closing the Loop8
3Information Theory and Fitts' Law17
4The Step Response: First-Order Lag27
5Linear Systems: Block Diagrams and Laplace Transforms33
6The Step Response: Second-Order System46
7Nonproportional Control58
8Interactions Between Information and Dynamic Constraints74
9Order of Control87
10Tracking104
11There Must Be 50 Ways to See a Sine Wave112
12A Qualitative Look at Fourier Analysis120
13The Frequency Domain: Bode Analysis137
14The Frequency Domain: Describing the Human Operator158
15Additional Adaptive Aspects of the Crossover Model168
16Driving Around in Circles187
17Continuous Tracking: Optimal Control195
18Estimating and Predicting the State of a Dynamic System With Lag-Like Calculations212
19Varieties of Variability222
20Lifting a Glass of Juice239
21Sine Wave Tracking Is Predictably Attractive252
22Going With the Flow: An Optical Basis for the Control of Locomotion269
23Fuzzy Approaches to Vehicular Control291
24Learning to Control Difficult Systems: Neural Nets303
25Some Parallels Between Decision Making and Manual Control314
26Designing Experiments With Control Theory in Mind331
27Adaptation and Design342
App.: Interactive Demonstrations360
Author Index367
Subject Index375

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