From the medical use of marijuana to organ donations to animal testing, the medical profession is rife with controversial issues. Students and teachers can now use this reference resource to explore all sides of these issues. Narrative chapters, each one devoted to a specific topic, encourage students to consider all the facts surrounding the various controversies. Case studies and first-person accounts bring the issues to life and concluding questions for each chapter challenge students to use their critical thinking skills to draw their own conclusions.This collection provides historical as well as contemporary contexts for an examination of government structures in the United States and the states of the former U.S.S.R. Throughout, the contributors look at federalism at both local and national levels, and they try to assess how and why the two systems developed as they did.
Each of the fifteen chapters analyzes the pro and con arguments and current status of a specific controversy, illuminating the philosophical dilemmas faced by medical professionals as well as their patients and the general public as a whole. The Goldsteins present opposing arguments on the sources and nature of each controversy, providing readers with an understanding of the causes and effects of medical controversies. This basic introduction to these many different issues, including, among others, the arguments surrounding a need for national health insurance, the arguments surrounding the ethics of cloning, the arguments surrounding the needs and dangers of childhood vaccinations, and the arguments surrounding end-of-life issues will provide a starting ground for students interested in researching these topics further, while also encouraging them to begin dialogues with their peers to help them develop their ability to analyze complicated issues.