Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance: Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information Technology and Cognitive Science / Edition 1

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Overview

This book describes the vast opportunity created by unifying science and integrating technology, and recommends transforming ideas for individuals and society. We stand at the threshold of a new renaissance in knowledge based on the structure and behavior of matter from the nanoscale up to the most complex system yet discovered, the human brain. Unification of science based on unity in nature and its holistic investigation will lead to technological convergence and a more efficient societal structure for reaching human goals. In the early decades of the twenty-first century, concentrated effort can bring together nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, and new humane technologies based in cognitive science. With proper attention to ethical issues and societal needs, rapid advances in convergent technologies have the potential to enhance both human performance and productivity. Examples of payoffs will include improving work efficiency and learning, enhancing individual sensory and cognitive capabilities, revolutionary changes in healthcare, improving both individual and group efficiency, highly effective communication techniques including brain to brain interaction, perfecting human-machine interfaces, enhancing human capabilities for defense purposes, reaching sustainable development using NBIC tools, and ameliorating the physical and cognitive decline that is common to the aging mind.

This is the first book addressing the convergence of technologies in coherence with social sciences, with a focus on people. Science and technology will increasingly dominate the world, as population, resource exploitation, and potential social conflict grow. Therefore, the success of this convergent technologies priority area is seen as crucial to the future of humanity.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781402012549
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 4/30/2003
  • Edition description: 2003
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 510
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 1.13 (d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary
Overview 1
General Statements and Visionary Projects 29
A Motivation and Outlook 29
National Strategy towards Converging Science and Technology 31
Converging Technologies and Competitiveness 33
Vision for the Converging Technologies 36
Zone of Convergence Between Bio/Info/Nano Technologies: NASA's Nanotechnology Initiative 55
Biomedicine Eyes 2020 60
Balancing Opportunities and Investments for NBIC 67
The Impact of Convergent Technologies and the Future of Business and the Economy 71
Coherence and Divergence of Megatrends in Science and Engineering 79
B Expanding Human Cognition and Communication 97
NBICS (Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno-Socio) Convergence to Improve Human Performance: Opportunities and Challenges 101
Sensor System Engineering Insights on Improving Human Cognition and Communication 117
Can Nanotechnology Dramatically Affect the Architecture of Future Communications Networks? 120
Spatial Cognition and Converging Technologies 122
Visual Language and Converging Technologies in the Next 10-15 Years (and Beyond) 141
Sociable Technologies: Enhancing Human Performance when the computer is not a tool but a companion 150
Socio-tech: the Predictive Science of Societal Behavior 158
Breaking the Limits on Design Complexity 161
Enhancing Personal Area Sensory and Social Communication Through Converging Technologies 164
The Consequences of Fully Understanding the Brain 166
User-Interface Olympics: Using Competition to Drive Innovation 170
Accelerating Convergence of Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, and Information Technology 174
C Improving Human Health and Physical Capabilities 179
Nanobiotechnology and Life Extension 182
The Nano-Bio Connection and Its Implication for Human Performance 191
Gene Therapy: Reinventing the Wheel or Useful Adjunct to Existing Paradigms? 194
Implications of the Continuum of Bioinformatics 207
Sensory replacement and sensory substitution: Overview and prospects for the future 213
Vision Statement: Interacting Brain 224
Focusing the possibilities of Nanotechnology for Cognitive Evolution and Human Performance 227
Science and Technology and the Triple D (Disease, Disability, Defect) 232
Brain-Machine Interface via a Neurovascular Approach 244
Human-Machine Interaction: Potential Impact of Nanotechnology in the Design of Neuroprosthetic Devices Aimed at Restoring or Augmenting Human Performance 251
Nanotechnology: The Merging of Diagnostics and Treatment 255
Artificial Brains and Natural Intelligence 256
Converging Technologies for Physiological Self-regulation 260
Improving Quality of Life of Disabled People using Converging Technologies 270
D Enhancing Group and Societal Outcomes 275
Cognition, Social Interaction, Communication and Convergent Technologies 277
Engineering the Science of Cognition to Enhance Human Performance 281
Engineering of Mind for Enhancing Human Productivity 281
Making Sense of the World: Convergent Technologies for Environmental Science 294
Fundamentally New Manufacturing Processes and Products 300
The Communicator: Enhancement of Group Communication, Efficiency and Creativity 302
Enhanced Knowledge-Based Human Organization and Social Change 307
A Vision for the Aircraft of the 21st Century 313
Memetics: A Potential New Science 318
E National Security 327
Cognitive Readiness: An Important Research Focus for National Security 330
DARPA's Programs in Enhancing Human Performance 337
NBIC for Homeland Defense: Chemical/Biological/Radiological/Explosive (CBRE) Detection/Protection 341
Future Roles for Science and Technology in Counterterrorism 344
Nanotechnology and the Department of Defense 349
Advanced Military Education and Training 351
High-performance Warfighter 352
Non-Drug Treatments for Enhancement of Human Performance 355
Brain-Machine Interface 357
Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno as Enabling Technology for Uninhabited Combat Vehicles 359
Data Linkage and Threat Anticipation Tool 361
F Unifying Science and Education 363
Combining the Social and the Nanotech: A Model for Converging Technologies 367
Breadth, Depth and Academic Nano-Niches 373
Unifying Principles in Complex Systems 380
Mind Over Matter in an Era of Convergent Technologies 410
Converging Technology and Education for Improving Human Performance 412
Converging Technologies: A K-12 Education Vision 416
Expanding the Trading Zones for Convergent Technologies 424
Biological Language Modeling: Convergence of computational linguistics and biological chemistry 428
App. A List of Participants and Contributors 439
App. B Index of Authors 445
App. C Index of Topics 457
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