Coral Reefs and Climate Change: Science and Management

Overview

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of theCoastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 61.

The effects of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and relatedclimate change on shallow coral reefs are gaining considerableattention for scientific and economic reasons worldwide. Althoughincreased scientific research has improved our understanding of theresponse of coral reefs to climate change, we still lack keyinformation that can help guide reef management. Research ...

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Overview

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of theCoastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 61.

The effects of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and relatedclimate change on shallow coral reefs are gaining considerableattention for scientific and economic reasons worldwide. Althoughincreased scientific research has improved our understanding of theresponse of coral reefs to climate change, we still lack keyinformation that can help guide reef management. Research andmonitoring of coral reef ecosystems over the past few decades havedocumented two major threats related to increasing concentrationsof atmospheric CO2: (1) increased sea surface temperatures and (2)increased seawater acidity (lower pH). Higher atmospheric CO2levels have resulted in rising sea surface temperatures and provento be an acute threat to corals and other reef-dwelling organisms.Short periods (days) of elevated sea surface temperatures by aslittle as 1–2°C above the normal maximum temperature hasled to more frequent and more widespread episodes of coralbleaching-the expulsion of symbiotic algae. A more chronicconsequence of increasing atmospheric CO2 is the lowering of pH ofsurface waters, which affects the rate at which corals and otherreef organisms secrete and build their calcium carbonate skeletons.Average pH of the surface ocean has already decreased by anestimated 0.1 unit since preindustrial times, and will continue todecline in concert with rising atmospheric CO2. Theseclimate-related Stressors combined with other direct anthropogenicassaults, such as overfishing and pollution, weaken reef organismsand increase their susceptibility to disease.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780875903590
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 1/10/2006
  • Series: Coastal and Estuarine Studies Series , #61
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 244
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Jonathan T. Phinney, Ore Hoegh-Guldberg, Joanie Kleypas, WilliamSkitying and Allan E. Strong  vii

Corals and Climate Change: An Introduction
John E. N. Veron and Jonathan T. Phinney  1

Tropical Coastal Ecosystemsa nd Climate Change
Prediction: Global and Local Risks
Terry Done and Roger Jones  5

Coral Reef Records of Past Climatic Change
C. Mark Eakin and Andrea G. Grottoli  33

The Cell Physiology of Coral Bleaching
Sophie G. Dove and Ore Hoegh-Guldberg  55

Coral Reefs and Changing Seawater Carbonate Chemistry
Joan A. Kleypas and Chris Langdon  73

Analyzing the Relationship Between Ocean Temperature
Anomalies and Coral Disease Outbreaks at Broad Spatial Scales
Elizabeth R. Selig, C. Drew Hatyell, John F. Bruno, Bette L.Willis, Cathie A. Page, Kenneth S. Case,
and Hugh Sweatman  111

A Coral Population Response (CPR) Model for Thermal Stress
R. van Woesik and S. Koksal  129

The Hydrodynamics of a Bleaching Event: Implications for
Management and Monitoring
William Skitying, Mat Heron, and Scott Heron  145

Identifying Coral Bleaching Remotely via Coral Reef Watch-
Improved Integration and Implications for Changing Climate
A. E. Strong, E. Arzayus, W. Skirving, and S. E Heton 163

Management Response to a Bleaching Event
David Obura, Billy Causey, and Julie Church  181

Marine Protected Area Planning in a Changing Climate
Rodney V. Salm, Terry Done, and Elizabeth McLeod 207

Adapting Coral Reef Management in the Face of ClimateChange
Paul Marshall and Heidi Schuttenberg 223

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