Core Topics in Mechanical Ventilation

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Overview

Mechanical ventilation is a life-critical intervention provided to patients in a wide variety of clinical settings, involving the careful interplay of physiology, pathology, physics and technology. This unique text explains the underlying physiological and technical concepts of ventilation, aided by numerous full colour diagrams, and places these concepts into clinical context with practical examples. Core Topics in Mechanical Ventilation provides a broad and in-depth coverage of key topics encountered in clinical practice, from the initial assessment of the patient to transportation of the ventilated patient and weaning from ventilation. Issues such as sedation, analgesia and paralysis and the management of complications are reviewed, along with a discussion of various ventilation modes and practical advice on patients with pre-existing diseases. Appealing to doctors, nurses, physiotherapists and paramedics, this book is applicable to a wide range of settings including intensive care, anaesthesia, respiratory medicine, acute medicine and emergency medicine.
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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: David J. Dries, MD (University of Minnesota Medical School)
Description: This is the first edition of a book describing key aspects of mechanical ventilation.
Purpose: This moderate sized work is intended to bridge the gap between journals and larger comprehensive books.
Audience: Junior and senior trainees needing an introduction to or an update in mechanical ventilation are an appropriate audience for this work originating in the British Commonwealth.
Features: After a review of respiratory physiology, the book introduces noninvasive ventilation and the varying presentations of respiratory failure. Management of oxygenation and carbon dioxide exchange are then discussed, followed by a compilation of modes of mechanical ventilation and application of this technology to children and to patients with reactive airway disease, chest trauma, or burns. Concluding chapters discuss weaning, long-term support, and management of the airway. Chapters are clearly written and wonderfully illustrated with multicolor plates. Illustrations provide an excellent review of basic physiology. Photographs are occasionally used, which reproduce with adequate quality. Chapters include reference lists of moderate length typically featuring primary work dating to within two to four years of publication. The table of contents lists chapters and authorship while a concluding subject index of 15 pages and glossary of five pages allow adequate access to content and enhance consistent terminology.
Assessment: This is an excellent introduction to the physiology, history, and technology of mechanical ventilation, the defining event of critical care. The illustrations are superb. Surprisingly, there is a lack of a focused discussion of the management of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and excessive detail on ventilator modes.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521867818
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 12/31/2008
  • Pages: 440
  • Product dimensions: 7.60 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Iain Mackenzie is a Consultant in Critical Care and Anaesthesia, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK.
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Table of Contents

Contributors; Foreword Timothy W. Evans; Preface; Introductory notes; 1. Physiology of ventilation and gas exchange Hugh Montgomery; 2. Assessing the need for ventilatory support Mick Nielsen and Iain Mackenzie; 3. Oxygen therapy, continuous positive airway pressure and non-invasive ventilation Ian Clement, Leigh Mansfield and Simon Baudouin; 4. Management of the artificial airway Peter Youn and Iain Mackenzie; 5. Modes of mechanical ventilation Peter Macnaughton and Iain Mackenzie; 6. Oxygenation Bill Tunnicliffe and Sanjoy Shah; 7. Carbon dioxide clearance Brian Keogh and Simon Finney; 8. Sedation, paralysis and analgesia Russell R. Miller III and E. Wesley Ely; 9. Nutrition in the mechanically ventilated patient Clare Reid; 10. Mechanical ventilation of the patient with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease David Tuxen and Matthew T. Naughton; 11. Mechanical ventilation in patients with blast, burn and chest trauma injuries William T. McBrid and Barry McGrattan; 12. Ventilatory support: extreme solutions Alain Vuylsteke; 13. Heliox in airway obstruction and mechanical ventilation Hubert Trübel; 14. Adverse effects and complications of mechanical ventilation Iain Mackenzie and Peter Young; 15. Mechanical ventilation on the move Terry Martin; 16. Special considerations in infants and children Rob Ross-Russell and Natalie Yeaney; 17. Tracheostomy Abhiram Mallick, Andrew Bodenham and Iain Mackenzie; 18. Weaning, extubation and de-cannulation Iain Mackenzie; 19. Long-term mechanical ventilation Craig Davidson; 20. The history of mechanical ventilation Iain Mackenzie; Glossary; Index.
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