Correcting Fallacies about Educational and Psychological Testing

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Standardized testing is used for diagnosis, selection, and to measure achievement in many social fields including psychology, education, employment, and professional credentialing. Its benefits are numerous and substantial but are not well articulated nor well publicized. In their technical communications, measurement specialists are mainly positive about the worth of standardized testing. Meanwhile, those sources that engage public debate tend to be less scientifically informed and more negative about the value of testing. Standardized testing bears the twin burden of controversy and complexity and is difficult for many to understand either dispassionately or technically.

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Editorial Reviews

. . . an important addition to the literature regarding standardized testing in psychology and education. Correcting Fallacies presents a perspective on psychological and educational testing that needs to be presented to balance the debate. The text is appropriate for all in the fields of education, including school psychology, educational psychology, and higher education administration. It is also highly relevant to those in the fields of vocational rehabilitation, college admissions, and teacher education programs. I plan to recommend this book to many of my colleagues as a way of opening informed debate regarding the validity and necessity for educational testing.

Throughout the text, sensitive subjects in the field of testing are discussed in a clear and concise manner. Topics such as heritability of intelligence, cultural bias of intelligence tests, socioeconomic factors in college admissions tests, and racial discrimination in job testing are handled in an objective and open fashion.
—Christopher A. Was
Education Review
This book addresses virtually all the condemnations that typically are cited in a manner that would be understandable to a layperson while not compromising the quality of the content. Consequently, students and practitioners in the fields of the education and psychology are presented with an informed view of how testing is generally negatively perceived and shown where evidence exists to disprove the misperceptions. While it is commonplace for professionals in education and psychology to hear criticisms of testing, we often do not take the time to contemplate the origin of the criticism. Correcting Fallacies provides a persuasive, accessible and altogether unbiased view of testing, founded on empirical evidence rather than languishing in opinion. Correcting Fallacies covers a hot topic in a manner that is both thought-provoking and informative.
—Caven S. Mcloughlin & Heather Doyle
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781433803925
  • Publisher: American Psychological Association
  • Publication date: 12/15/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 296
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword Thomas Oakland Oakland, Thomas

Introduction Richard P. Phelps Phelps, Richard P. 3

Ch. 1 Logical Fallacies Used to Dismiss the Evidence on Intelligence Testing Linda S. Gottfredson Gottfredson, Linda S. 11

Ch. 2 Psychological Diagnostic Testing: Addressing Challenges in Clinical Applications of Testing Janet F. Carlson Carlson, Janet F. Kurt F. Geisinger Geisinger, Kurt F. 67

Ch. 3 Educational Achievement Testing: Critiques and Rebuttals Richard P. Phelps Phelps, Richard P. 89

Ch. 4 College Admission Testing: Myths and Realities in an Age of Admissions Hype Wayne J. Camara Camara, Wayne J. 147

Ch. 5 Criticisms of Employment Testing: A Commentary Ernest H. O'Boyle, Jr. O'Boyle, Ernest H., Jr. Michael A. McDaniel McDaniel, Michael A. 181

Ch. 6 Mission - Protect the Public: Licensure and Certification Testing in the 21st Century Stephen G. Sireci Sireci, Stephen G. Ronald K. Hambleton Hambleton, Ronald K. 199

Ch. 7 Mistaken Impressions of Large-Scale Cognitive Diagnostic Testing Jacqueline P. Leighton Leighton, Jacqueline P. 219

Ch. 8 Summary and Discussion Richard P. Phelps Phelps, Richard P. Linda S. Gottfredson Gottfredson, Linda S. 247

Glossary 257

Author Index 265

Subject Index 273

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