Corrective Lighting, Posing & Retouching for Digital Portrait Photographers

( 6 )

Overview


With techniques for achieving a flawless portrait, this manual shows how to create stunning, professional images in any setting. Tips on how to delicately discuss and evaluate a subject’s appearance and his or her specific concerns combine with examples on how subtle changes in lighting and posing can flatter subjects—by slimming the waist and hips, enhancing the bust, narrowing the nose, reducing a double chin, and concealing baldness—helping portrait photographers sensitively downplay perceived flaws. Also ...
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Overview


With techniques for achieving a flawless portrait, this manual shows how to create stunning, professional images in any setting. Tips on how to delicately discuss and evaluate a subject’s appearance and his or her specific concerns combine with examples on how subtle changes in lighting and posing can flatter subjects—by slimming the waist and hips, enhancing the bust, narrowing the nose, reducing a double chin, and concealing baldness—helping portrait photographers sensitively downplay perceived flaws. Also illustrating how the latest in digital imaging technology can fix problems, this up-to-date resource shows how to digitally eliminate acne, whiten teeth, remove braces, and fix unnoticed clothing problems. Techniques for processing RAW files and for optimizing JPEG files for quick, but consistent, shooting are also included. With hundreds of new images, before-and-after sequences, and informative text, this is the ultimate reference for creating beautiful, flattering portraits.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781584289951
  • Publisher: Amherst Media, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 4/29/2010
  • Edition description: Third edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 128
  • Sales rank: 1,356,795
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author


Jeff Smith is an award-winning portrait photographer and the author of several bestselling photography books, including "Jeff Smith's Guide to Head and Shoulder Portraits," "Outdoor and Location Portrait Photography"," """Posing for Portrait Photography"," and" Professional Digital Portrait Photography." He lives in Fresno, California.
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Table of Contents

Introduction Photographing Real People 6

Perfect Clients Are Rare 6

Caring About Your Clients 7

The Approach 9

Sidebar: Build on the Excitement 10

1 Identifying Problems 12

Reality and Egos 12

Imagined vs. Real Problems 13

Common Problems 14

Neck Area 14

Men's Concerns 14

Women's Concerns 15

Quickly Evaluating a Client's Problems 16

Accentuate the Positive 16

2 Working With Clients 18

Preparing Your Clients 18

Clothing Selection 21

Making Your Clients Feel Comfortable 21

Really Listening 23

Be Tactful 24

3 Clothing and Background Selection 25

Clothing Guidelines 25

Long Sleeves 25

Black Clothing 25

High Heels 26

Common Problems 26

Too-Tight or Too-Loose Clothing 26

Wrong Undergarments 27

Coordination and Separation 27

Taking Control 28

4 Corrective Lighting 30

Keep it Simple 30

Shadow, Not Light 32

Camera Area 33

The Lights 33

The Main Light 33

Sidebar: Conceal the Flaws But Light for the Subject 33

The Fill Light 35

The Separation Light 36

Sidebar: Choose the Right Light for the Job 36

Positioning the Lights 38

Testing the Lighting 39

Lighting the Full-Length Pose 41

Low-Key Setups 41

High-Key Setups 42

Grid Spots 42

Sidebar: Don't Create New Flaws by Correcting Existing Ones 43

Magic Settings? 44

5 Corrective Posing 46

The Purpose of the Portrait 46

Choose the Right Style 47

Traditional Posing 48

Casual Posing 48

Glamorous Posing 48

Basic Principles 49

Less is More 49

Stand, Don't Sit 49

Camera Angle 49

Avoid Mushrooming 50

Turn the Body Away from the Main Light 50

Adapting a Pose to Hide a Flaw 50

Double Chin 50

Ears 51

Noses 52

Eyes 53

Eyeglasses 55

Expressions 55

Hair 56

Shoulders 57

Arms 57

Hands 58

Bustline 59

Waistline 59

The Legs and Feet 61

Sidebar: Condensing a Pose 61

Finding New Ideas 63

Test Sessions 66

In Closing 66

Sidebar: Targeting Test Sessions and Displays 66

Sidebar: Posing Variations 67

6 Correcting Flaws with the Scene 69

Using the Foreground 69

Coordinating the Foreground and Background 70

Outdoors 70

Sidebar: "Corrective" Poses Can Also Become Popular Poses 70

In the Studio 72

7 Outdoor Portraits 75

Lighting 75

Use of Shadow 75

Eyes and Direction of Light 76

Using the Outdoor Scene Effectively 76

Hiding White Socks and Bare Feet 76

Arms 77

Selecting a Scene 77

8 Putting it All Together 78

Qualifying the Client 78

Determining the Client's Needs 79

Evaluating the Client 79

Choosing Outfits 79

Beginning the Session 80

Sidebar: Get the Results---But Build the Excitement, Too 80

After the Session 81

Processing the Order 81

Consistency is Key 81

Sidebar: Don't Overshoot 81

9 Digital Files 82

Color Consistency 82

Exposure 83

Sidebar: An Efficient Workflow 84

File Format 85

Sidebar: File Size 85

Sidebar: Tips for Shooting JPEGs 86

10 Digital Retouching: Who Pays the Bill? 87

The Worst-Case Scenario 88

So Who Pays? 89

What's Included 89

Communication 90

Sidebar: Never Skip Retouching 90

Sidebar: Improve or Eliminate? 90

Sales Techniques 91

The Long and Short of It 92

11 Normal Retouching 93

Retouching Style 93

Sidebar: The "Good Stuff 93

Don't Go Too Far 94

Our Process 94

Retouching the Subject 95

Sidebar: Which Tool to Use? 96

Retouching the Background 97

Vignetting 98

Converting to Black & White 98

Spot Coloring 99

12 Other Common Corrections 100

Poor Focus 100

Poor Composition 102

Poor Exposure 104

Background Problems 105

Whitening the Teeth 106

Sidebar: Where to Draw the Line 106

Slimming the Subject 107

The Nose 107

The Ears 108

Tummy Bulge 108

Opening Eyes 108

Stray Hairs 109

Sidebar: Eyeglasses 109

Braces 110

Final Thoughts 110

13 The Pursuit of Perfection 111

Weight Issues 112

Age-Related Concerns 113

Multiple Issues 113

Guiding Your Clients 114

14 Working Quickly in Photoshop 116

Remove the Games 116

Isolation 116

Keyboard Shortcuts 117

Actions and Batch Processing 117

Conclusion 120

Index 123

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