Cosmology and Eschatology in Jewish and Christian Apocalypticism / Edition 1

Cosmology and Eschatology in Jewish and Christian Apocalypticism / Edition 1

by Yarbro Collins, A. Yarbro Collins
     
 

ISBN-10: 9004105875

ISBN-13: 9789004105874

Pub. Date: 11/01/1996

Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.

This comprehensive work covers many different Jewish and Christian apocalyptic texts and movements from the second century BCE through the fourth century CE. It focuses on two major themes, cosmology - which studies the structure of the universe, including its religious function - and eschatology, which interprets history and the future.
The relevant Jewish

Overview

This comprehensive work covers many different Jewish and Christian apocalyptic texts and movements from the second century BCE through the fourth century CE. It focuses on two major themes, cosmology - which studies the structure of the universe, including its religious function - and eschatology, which interprets history and the future.
The relevant Jewish texts and history are discussed thoroughly in their own right. The Christian material is approached in a way that shows both its continuity with Jewish tradition and its distinctiveness.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9789004105874
Publisher:
Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
Publication date:
11/01/1996
Series:
Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism Series , #50
Pages:
261
Product dimensions:
6.48(w) x 9.52(h) x 0.87(d)

Table of Contents

Abbreviationsix
I.Meaning and Significance in Apocalyptic Texts1
Interpreting the Apocalypses: Meaning6
Interpreting the Apocalypses: Significance15
Conclusion19
II.The Seven Heavens in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses21
The Hebrew Bible and Its Old Greek Translation23
The Book of the Watchers24
The Testament of Levi25
The Similitudes of Enoch30
Paul the Apostle31
The Life of Adam and Eve32
The Apocalypse of Abraham34
2 Enoch36
The Martyrdom and Ascension of Isaiah39
3 Baruch43
Preliminary Conclusion46
The Seven Planets: Explicit Links47
The Seven Planets: Probable Links50
Explicit References to the Planets, But Not to Seven52
Number of Heavens Not Connected with Planets53
Conclusion53
III.Numerical Symbolism in Jewish and Early Christian Apocalyptic Literature55
Numbers in the Ordering of Time57
Impulses to Calculate the Time of the End58
Attempts to Discern a Meaningful Pattern in Time69
The Ordering of Revelatory Experience86
Numbers as Signs of Cosmic Order90
The Pythagorean Tradition90
Points of Contact Between Judaism and Pythagorean Tradition94
Analogous Ideas in Apocalyptic Literature99
The Use of Numbers in the Revelation to John114
Gematria115
The Prominence of Numbers in Revelation118
The Significance of the Number Seven122
The Significance of the Number Twelve127
Conclusion135
IV.The Origin of the Designation of Jesus as "Son of Man"139
Translation and Inclusive Language139
Scholarly Context140
Linguistic Evidence143
Categorization and Analysis of Sayings144
Legal Sayings or Church Rules146
Wisdom Sayings148
Prophetic and Apocalyptic Sayings151
The Question of Origin153
The History of Religions Context155
Conclusion156
V.The "Son of Man" Tradition and the Book of Revelation159
The Prophetic Saying of Rev 1:7159
Relation to Daniel 7:13161
Relation to Zech 12:10-14165
Relation to Mt 24:30167
The Epiphany of One Like a Son of Man172
Angelic Attributes173
Divine Attributes177
The Relation of the Angelic and Divine Attributes179
A Sardian Threat and a Promise to the Conqueror186
The Vision of Harvest and Vintage189
Conclusion195
VI.The Political Perspective of the Revelation to John198
Models of Resistance199
Revolution199
Active but Non-violent Resistance201
Resistance in the Revelation to John204
Prolegomena204
Holy War and Passive Resistance in the Revelation to John205
Martyrdom in the Revelation to John207
The Revelation to John and the Zealots212
Martyrdom and Political Critique214
Summary216
VII.The Origin of Christian Baptism218
The Baptism of John218
Proselyte Baptism224
The Origin of John's Baptism228
Jesus and Baptism229
Christian Baptism231
Baptism in Acts 2231
Variety in Interpretation234
Baptism as Death and Resurrection235
Index of Ancient Persons and Texts239
Index of Modern Authors255
Index of Subjects260

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