Cosmopolitan Twainby Ann M. Ryan
Pub. Date: 01/28/2008
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
Cosmopolitan Twain takes seriously Mark Twain’s life as a citizen of urban landscapes: from the streets of New York City to the palaces of Vienna to the suburban utopia of Hartford. Traditional readings of Mark Twain orient his life and work by distinctly rural markers such as the Mississippi River, the Wild West, and small-town America; yet, as/i>… See more details below
Cosmopolitan Twain takes seriously Mark Twain’s life as a citizen of urban landscapes: from the streets of New York City to the palaces of Vienna to the suburban utopia of Hartford. Traditional readings of Mark Twain orient his life and work by distinctly rural markers such as the Mississippi River, the Wild West, and small-town America; yet, as this collection shows, Twain’s sensibilities were equally formed in the urban centers of the world. These essays represent Twain both as a product of urban frontiers and as a prophet of American modernity, situating him squarely within the context of an evolving international and cosmopolitan community.
As Twain traveled and lived in these locales, he acquired languages, costumes, poses, and politics that made him one of the first truly cosmopolitan world citizens. Beginning with New York Citywhere Twain spent more of his life than in Hannibalwe learn that his early experiences there fed his fascination with racial identity and economic privilege. While in St. Louis and New Orleans, Twain developed a strategic detachment that became a part of his cosmopolitan persona. His contact with bohemian writers in San Francisco excited his ambitions to become more than a humorist, while sojourns in Buffalo and Hartford marked Twain’s uneasy accommodation to domesticity and cultural prominence. London finally liberated him from his narrowly constructed national identity, while Vienna allowed him to fully achieve his transnational voice. The volume ends by presenting Elmira, New York, as a complement, and something of a counterpart, to Twain’s cosmopolitan life, creating a domestic retreat from the pace and complexity of an increasingly urban, modern America.
In response to each of these cities, Twain generated writings that marked America’s movement into the twentieth century and toward the darker realities that made possible this cosmopolitan state. Cosmopolitan Twain presents Twain’s eventual descent into skepticism and despair not as a departure from his early values but rather as a dark awakening into the new terms of American identity, history, and moral authority. This collection reveals a writer who is decidedly less static than the iconic portrait that dominates popular culture. It offers a corrective to the familiar image of Twain as the nostalgic voice of America’s rural past, presenting Twain as a citizen of modernity and a visionary of a global and cosmopolitan future.
Table of Contents
Introduction Mark Twain and the Cosmopolitan Ideal Ann M. Ryan Ryan, Ann M. 1
Mark Twain and the Mean (and Magical) Streets of New York Ann M. Ryan Ryan, Ann M. 21
Sam Clemens and the Mississippi River Metropolis Bruce Michelson Michelson, Bruce 64
Mark Twain, San Francisco's Comic Flaneur James E. Caron Caron, James E. 93
Taming the Bohemian: Mark Twain in Buffalo Joseph B. Mccullough Mccullough, Joseph B. 116
Mark Twain's Music Box: Livy, Cosmopolitanism, and the Commodity Aesthetic Kerry Driscoll Driscoll, Kerry 140
"Not an Alien but at Home": Mark Twain and London Peter Messent Messent, Peter 187
Mark Twain in Vienna: A Diplomat without Pay Janice Mcintire-Strasburg Mcintire-Strasburg, Janice 211
A Room of His Own: Samuel Clemens, Elmira, and Quarry Farm Michael J. Kiskis Kiskis, Michael J. 233
About the Contributors 255
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