Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and Practice / Edition 6

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Completely updated,Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and Practice, Sixth Edition is the most widely used and critically acclaimed text on multicultural counseling, offering students and professionals essential and thought-provoking material on the theory, research, and practice of multicultural counseling. The new edition presents the newest research in the field of multicultural counseling, as well as an expanded section on microaggressions. With its unique conceptual framework for multicultural therapy, this book remains the best source of real-world counseling preparation for students and the most enlightened, influential guide for professionals.

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.. A revised edition of the best-selling, most widely used text on cross-cultural counseling. Completely revised and updated from the second edition, which is considered a classic in the field.

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What People Are Saying

From the Publisher
Praise for Counseling the Culturally Diverse, SixthEdition

"Derald Sue and David Sue have achieved new heights with thismost recent edition of their classic text, and they do notdisappoint. Paralleling the evolving nature of multiculturalismitself, the book addresses the latest topics critical to the field,and generously expands the rest. The reader is given an opportunityto personally reflect, analyze, and apply material at every turn.Readers will find that this text more than lives up to its greatexpectations."
Beth A. Durodoye, Ed.D., Professor of Counseling,University of Texas at San Antonio

"With its most recent updates and revisions, Counseling theCulturally Diverse remains as relevant today as its firstedition. Sue and Sue have continued to maintain the integrity ofthe content and continue to expand and include progressingperspectives within the multicultural and social justiceliterature. Their inclusion of the most up-to-date topical areas inthe field, with personal narratives and examples, makes thisedition a "comprehensive guide" that provides critical foundationalmaterials, with real world examples and practical ideas forimplementation in the counseling and psychotherapy contexts. I haveno doubt this 6th edition will remain the most utilized book inclassroom settings across the country."
Miguel E. Gallardo, Psy.D., Associate Professor ofPsychology, Graduate School of Education and Psychology PepperdineUniversity

"Sue and Sue, through their text, have found a substantive wayto encourage a meaningful dialogue about the role of culture andexperience in the counseling process. Their treatment of thecontextual uniqueness that clients bring to the counselingrelationship will undoubtedly serve to help counseling students andpracticing counselors alike to find their sense of self throughouttheir 'professional journey'."
Thomas J. Hernandez, Ed.D., LMHC Associate Professorand Chair, Department of Counselor Education, The College atBrockport

"Dr. Derald Wing Sue has done it again! This latest installmentin the Counseling the Culturally Diverse series is aphenomenal piece of work that is comprehensive in scope,penetrating in its insights, and pragmatic in the way it teachesthe reader how to navigate the pathways of culture our disciplineand profession struggle so profoundly with. The journey towarddeveloping multicultural understanding and competence is one of themost significant challenges in a professional psychologist andcounselor's life. Indeed, the landscape of progress towards a moreculturally competent and socially just profession is dotted withstones of stagnation, the rocks of resignation, and the dust ofdenial about the elements of psychological and counselinginstruction and practice that are necessary to master in one'sprofessional growth and development. This text is as good a roadmapas there is in the profession and those who make the choice to notjust read the pages of each chapter, but also understand andembrace the principles and practices that are outlined within, willfind their journey toward multicultural understanding andcompetence much more rewarding, enriching, and fulfilling. Thisbook is simply an awesome resource, and I am honored and proud toendorse it!"
Thomas A. Parham, Ph.D., Vice Chancellor StudentAffairs, University of California Irvine; DistinguishedPsychologist, Association of Black Psychologists

"This expanded and significantly revised 6th edition of themulticultural counseling field's one true classic text,Counseling the Culturally Diverse, continues its traditionof defining the field and charting a proactive course for traininga new decade of counselors and therapists for culturally competentpractice in our increasingly culturally diverse and globallyinterconnected society. Topical coverage is state-of-the-art,comprehensive, and in-depth, and the writing throughout the entiretext is crisp, clear, and engaging. If only one book was to be readin an entire master's or doctoral program in counseling orpsychology, it should be Counseling the CulturallyDiverse."
Joseph G. Ponterotto, Ph.D., Professor and PracticingMulticultural Psychologist Fordham University Co-Editor orCo-Author of Handbook of Multicultural Counseling,Handbook of Multicultural Assessment, Handbook ofRacial/Ethnic Minority Counseling Research

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118022023
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 8/7/2012
  • Series: Wiley Desktop Editions Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 629
  • Sales rank: 45,951
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 7.50 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

DERALD WING SUE, PhD, is a Professor of Psychology andEducation in the Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychologyat Teachers College, Columbia University, where he also holds ajoint appointment with the School of Social Work. He is one of themost cited multicultural scholars in the United States.

DAVID SUE, PhD, is Professor Emeritus of Psychology andan associate at the Center for Cross-Cultural Research at WesternWashington University in Bellingham, Washington.

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Table of Contents

Preface xi

About the Authors xvii


The Multiple Dimensions of Multicultural Counseling and Therapy1



Chapter 1 The Multicultural Journey to Cultural Competence:Personal Narratives 5

My Personal and Professional Journey as a White Person:Reactions to Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and Practice8

Mark S. Kiselica

My Personal and Professional Journey as a Racial and EthnicMinority Individual: Reactions to Counseling the CulturallyDiverse: Theory and Practice 16

Le Ondra Clark

My Personal and Professional Journey as a Person of Color: TheHeart and Soul of Counseling the Culturally Diverse 23

Derald Wing Sue

Implications for Clinical Practice 30

Chapter 2 The Superordinate Nature of Multicultural Counselingand Therapy 33

Theme 1: Cultural Universality Versus Cultural Relativism 35

Theme 2: The Emotional Consequences of Race 36

Theme 3: The Inclusive or Exclusive Nature of Multiculturalism37

Theme 4: The Sociopolitical Nature of Counseling/Therapy 38

Theme 5: The Nature of Multicultural Counseling Competence38

A Tripartite Framework for Understanding the Multiple Dimensionsof Identity 40

Individual and Universal Biases in Psychology and Mental Health44

The Impact of Group Identities on Counseling and Psychotherapy45

What Is Multicultural Counseling/Therapy? 46

What Is Cultural Competence? 47

Multidimensional Model of Cultural Competence in Counseling52

Implications for Clinical Practice 55

Chapter 3 Multicultural Counseling Competence for Minority GroupCounselors/Therapists 57

Minority Group Counselors Working with Majority and MinorityGroup Clients 60

The Politics of Interethnic and Interracial Bias andDiscrimination 62

The Historical and Political Relationships Between Groups ofColor 65

Cultural Differences in Values and Perspectives BetweenRacial/Ethnic Groups 69

Counselors of Color and Dyadic Combinations with White Clientsand Clients of Color: Situational Examples 73

Conclusions 83

Implications for Clinical Practice 83



Chapter 4 The Politics of Counseling and Psychotherapy: SocialJustice in Counseling 89

The Education and Training of Mental Health Professionals 91

Definitions of Mental Health 93

Counseling and Mental Health Literature 97

Need to Treat Social Problems—Social Justice Counseling102

Social Justice Counseling 108

Implications for Clinical Practice 112

Chapter 5 Systemic Oppression: Trust, Mistrust, Credibility, andWorldviews 115

Effects of Historical and Current Oppression 120

Credibility and Attractiveness in Multicultural Counseling129

Formation of Worldviews 139

Implications for Clinical Practice 144

Chapter 6 Microaggressions in Counseling and Psychotherapy147

Christina M. Capodilupo and Derald Wing Sue

Contemporary Forms of Oppression 150

Implications for Clinical Practice 173


Chapter 7 Barriers to Multicultural Counseling and Therapy:Individual and Family Perspectives 177

Characteristics of Counseling/Therapy 181

Generic Characteristics of Counseling/Therapy 181

Culture-Bound Values 185

Class-Bound Values 191

Language Barriers 195

Patterns of “American” Cultural Assumptions andMulticultural

Family Counseling/Therapy 197

Generalizations and Stereotypes: Some Cautions 205

Implications for Clinical Practice 206

Chapter 8 Culturally Appropriate Intervention Strategies 209

Communication Styles 213

Sociopolitical Facets of Nonverbal Communication 221

Counseling and Therapy as Communication Style 227

Implications for Clinical Practice 231

Chapter 9 Multicultural Evidence-Based Practice 233

Evidence-Based Practice and Multiculturalism 238

Empirically Supported Treatment 239

Empirically Supported Relationships 243

Evidence-Based Practice and Diversity Issues in Therapy 253

Implications for Clinical Practice 257

Chapter 10 Non-Western Indigenous Methods of Healing:Implications for Counseling and Therapy 259

The Legitimacy of Culture-Bound Syndromes: Nightmare Deaths andthe Hmong Sudden Death Phenomenon 261

The Principles of Indigenous Healing 269

Conclusions 281

Implications for Clinical Practice 282


Chapter 11 Racial/Cultural Identity Development in People ofColor: Therapeutic Implications 287

Racial/Cultural Identity Development Models 289

A Racial/Cultural Identity Development Model 295

Therapeutic Implications of the R/CID Model 305

Conclusions 309

Implications for Clinical Practice 310

Chapter 12 White Racial Identity Development: TherapeuticImplications 313

What Does It Mean to Be White? 314

The Invisible Whiteness of Being 317

Understanding the Dynamics of Whiteness 318

Models of White Racial Identity Development 320

The Process of White Racial Identity Development: A DescriptiveModel 330

Overcoming Personal Racism and Developing a Nonracist

White Identity: Personal Strategies and Actions 335

Implications for Clinical Practice 339


Multicultural Counseling and Specific Populations 341


Chapter 13 Culturally Competent Assessment 345

David Sue and Diane M. Sue

Therapist Variables Affecting Diagnosis 346

Cultural Competence and Preventing Diagnostic Errors 348

Contextual and Collaborative Assessment 352

Infusing Cultural Competence Into Standard Clinical Assessments357

Implications for Clinical Practice 361



Chapter 14 Counseling African Americans 365

Characteristics and Strengths 366

Specific Challenges 374

Implications for Clinical Practice 377

Chapter 15 Counseling American Indians and Alaska Natives379

Characteristics and Strengths 380

Specific Challenges 383

Implications for Clinical Practice 391

Chapter 16 Counseling Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders393

Characteristics and Strengths 394

Specific Challenges 401

Implications for Clinical Practice 406

Chapter 17 Counseling Latinos 409

Diane M. Sue and David Sue

Characteristics and Strengths 410

Specific Challenges 417

Implications for Clinical Practice 423

Chapter 18 Counseling Individuals of Multiracial Descent 425

Multiracialism in the United States 426

Specific Challenges 429

A Multiracial Bill of Rights 435

Multiracial Strengths 436

Implications for Clinical Practice 437


Chapter 19 Counseling Arab and Muslim Americans 441

Characteristics and Strengths 442

Specific Challenges 444

Implications for Clinical Practice 447

Chapter 20 Counseling Jewish Americans 449

Characteristics and Strengths 451

Specific Challenges 452

Implications for Clinical Practice 455

Chapter 21 Counseling Immigrants and Refugees 457

Challenges Facing Immigrants 459

Counseling Refugees 465

Implications for Clinical Practice 469


Chapter 22 Counseling LGBT Individuals 473

Understanding Sexual Minorities 474

Specific Challenges 478

Implications for Clinical Practice 484

Chapter 23 Counseling Older Adult Clients 487

Characteristics and Strengths 487

Specific Challenges of Older Adults 491

Implications for Clinical Practice 498

Chapter 24 Counseling Women 501

Diane M. Sue and David Sue

Specific Challenges 502

Embracing Gender Strengths 513

Implications for Clinical Practice 514

Chapter 25 Counseling and Poverty 517

Laura Smith

Characteristics and Strengths 518

Specific Challenges 520

Implications for Clinical Practice 525

Chapter 26 Counseling Persons With Disabilities 527

Understanding Disabilities 528

The Americans with Disabilities Act 533

Specific Challenges 535

Supports for Individuals with Disabilities 538

Counseling Issues with Individuals with Disabilities 539

Implications for Clinical Practice 541

References 543

Author Index 611

Subject Index 621

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