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After Parliament defeated the king's forces in the First Civil War, says Ashton, ...
After Parliament defeated the king's forces in the First Civil War, says Ashton, there followed an uneasy period of double dealing within Parliament, between Parliament and its Scots allies, between Parliament and the king, and between Parliament and the Army. After two years of mounting tension, war again broke out in 1648 in a series of regional risings, culminating in an invasion by the Scots and their defeat at Preston.
Ashton explains how the royalists found the support to take up arms again in 1648. Analyzing regional, county, and national developments in England, as well as events in Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, he isolates the social, political, institutional, and religious factors that helped to alienate conservative elements from the victorious parliamentary faction. He shows why so many Scotsmen who had fought alongside the English roundheads entered the second war on the king's side in 1648 and how this resulted in a disastrous split within the Scottish political nation. And he explores not only why former supporters of Parliament deserted their allies and embraced the royalist cause, but also why others did not. The book concludes by considering the main characteristics of insurgency in the Second Civil War and the reasons for and consequences of its failure.
|List of Illustrations|
|Preface and Acknowledgements|
|Note on Abbreviations and Dating|
|I||The Failure of Settlement June 1646-February 1648||7|
|II||Disillusionment and Alienation: I. No Peace Dividend||43|
|III||Disillusionment and Alienation: II. Revolutionary Illegality||81|
|IV||Petitions and Politics||117|
|V||The Army and Counter-Revolution||159|
|VI||The Revival of Royalism||197|
|VII||The Survival of Anglicanism||229|
|VIII||Presbyterians and Royalists||267|
|IX||Presbyterians and Engagers||300|
|X||Premonitory Plots and Outbursts||339|
|XI||Reformadoes and Turncoats||379|
|XII||The Second Civil War in Perspective||423|