Courts And Trials

Overview

America has a long history of sensationalized trials and infamous lawyers and judges, but what is the truth about how our system of jurisprudence really works? Courts and Trials: A Reference Handbook makes the subject accessible by presenting an overview of the organization of courts and procedures used in criminal and civil cases, with special emphasis on contemporary developments.

The book analyzes specific issues: methods of selecting judges, the capacity of citizen-jurors to...

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Overview

America has a long history of sensationalized trials and infamous lawyers and judges, but what is the truth about how our system of jurisprudence really works? Courts and Trials: A Reference Handbook makes the subject accessible by presenting an overview of the organization of courts and procedures used in criminal and civil cases, with special emphasis on contemporary developments.

The book analyzes specific issues: methods of selecting judges, the capacity of citizen-jurors to make appropriate decisions, cameras in the courtroom, "three strikes" laws, and the prosecution of juveniles as adults. The discussions illuminate competing perspectives on controversies that influence new initiatives and reforms affecting courts and their operations.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"Titles in [the Contemporary World Issues] series offer historical overviews and discussions of controversial issues … Each volume includes primary documents, agencies and organizations, a glossary, an index, print & nonprint resources, a chronology, and biographies. Recommended."

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Library Media Connection

"…describes, in an easy, comprehensible style, the courts, jurisdictions, and legal systems of the United States … would be valuable for those wishing an introduction and brief history of court systems in the United States. It provides a solid, although not too taxing, overview of the subject for patrons of public and community college libraries, or even advanced high school students."

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American Reference Books Annual

"One would be hard-pressed to identify another work of this length that would provide a better overview of courts and trials in the United States."

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The Justice System Journal

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781576079331
  • Publisher: ABC-Clio, LLC
  • Publication date: 2/1/2003
  • Series: Contemporary World Issues Series
  • Pages: 278
  • Age range: 12 years
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Ch. 1 Introduction 1
The Image and Legitimacy of Courts 1
The Distinguishing Characteristics and Functions of Courts 3
The Structure of Courts 7
Trial Processes and the Role of Rights 16
Ch. 2 Issues and Controversies 33
Methods for Selecting Judges 34
The Adversary System versus the Inquisitorial System 40
Legal Representation for the Poor 45
The Capacity of Citizen-Jurors to Make Judicial Decisions 49
Accessibility of Civil Courts for Dispute Resolution 56
Civil Justice Reform 62
Public Access to Information about Court Cases 68
Sentencing Reform 73
Ch. 3 Chronology 79
Ch. 4 Biographical Sketches 107
Ch. 5 Documents and Statistics 131
Selected Provisions of the U.S. Constitution 132
Selected Examples of Additional Statutory and Other Materials 136
Key Decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court Affecting Courts and Trials 146
Data on Courts and Trials 169
Ch. 6 Agencies and Organizations 177
Ch. 7 Print Resources 205
Books 205
Journals, Magazines, and Newsletters 226
Government Documents and Agency Publications 230
Ch. 8 Nonprint Resources 235
Films 236
Internet Addresses 242
Glossary 245
Index 253
About the Author 265
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