Craft of Argument / Edition 3

Paperback (Print)
Rent
Rent from BN.com
$19.87
(Save 79%)
Est. Return Date: 10/21/2014
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $67.36
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 29%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (9) from $67.36   
  • New (5) from $85.93   
  • Used (4) from $67.36   

Overview

The Craft of Argument is designed to help integrate the skills of writing, critical thinking, and arguing for the purpose of enabling the writer to write arguments that are clear, sound, and persuasive.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A guide for students on the art of crafting arguments to solve problems or answer contested questions. It explains the elements of argument in clear, concise terms, with abundant illustrations and practical methods for planning, drafting, and revising written arguments. Emphasis is placed on showing students that argument can be a conversation which strengthens social bonds rather than mere confrontation. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321453273
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 10/31/2006
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 544
  • Sales rank: 269,063
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface: Teaching the Craft of Argument

A Message to Students

Acknowledgments

I. THE NATURE OF ARGUMENT: INTRODUCTION

1. Argument and Rationality.

What Is Argument?

What Good Is Argument?

Arguments Help Us Think Critically

Arguments Help us Sustain Communities

Arguments Define Academic and Professional Communities

Arguments Enable Democracy

What's Not an Argument.?: Three Forms of Persuasion That Are Not Arguments

Arguments and Explanations

Arguments and Stories

Arguments and Visual Images

WRITING PROCESS: Argument and Critical Thinking

Thinking and Talking

Reading and Researching

Preparing and Planning

Drafting

Revising

Working Collaboratively

INQUIRIES: Reflections; Tasks; Projects

FOCUS ON WRITING

IN A NUTSHELL

2. Argument as Civil Conversation.

The Five Questions of Argument.

The Roots of Argument in Civil Conversation.

Review: Modeling an Argument.

The Core of an Argument: Claim + Reason + Evidence

Dialogue with Readers: Acknowledgment + Response

Explaining Logic: Warrants

Crafting Written Arguments.

Thickening Your Argument.

WRITING PROCESS: Argument as Civil Conversation

Thinking and Talking

Preparing and Planning

Drafting

Revising

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks, Projects

FOCUS ON WRITING

SAMPLE ESSAYS

IN A NUTSHELL

3. Motivating Your Argument.

Two Kinds of Problems.

How Practical and Conceptual Problems Motivate Arguments

The Two-Part Structure of Practical Problems

The Two-Part Structure of Conceptual Problems

How To Identify Motivating Costs or Consequences by Asking So What?

Framing Problems in Introductions.

The Core of an Introduction: Conditions and Costs

The Outer Frame of an Introduction: Common Ground and Solution

Conclusions.

Introductions and Conclusions as Ways of Thinking.

Problem-Posing Versus Problem-Solving Arguments

WRITING PROCESS: Motivating Your Argument

Reading and Research

Preparing and Planning

Drafting

Revising

Working Collaboratively

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks, Projects

FOCUS ON WRITING

SAMPLE ESSAYS

IN A NUTSHELL

II. DEVELOPING YOUR ARGUMENT: INTRODUCTION

4. The Core of Your Argument: Finding and Stating A Claim

Exploring Claims Without Rushing to Judgment.

What Kind of Claim Does Your Problem Require?

Is Your Claim Pragmatic or Conceptual?

How Strongly Do You Want Your Readers to Accept Your Claim?

What Counts as a Claim Worth Considering?

What Does a Thoughtful Claim Look Like?

Is Your Claim Conceptually Rich?

Is Your Claim Logically Rich?

Is Your Claim Appropriately Qualified?

WRITING PROCESS: Finding and Stating Claims

Drafting

Revising

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks, Projects

FOCUS ON WRITING

SAMPLE ESSAYS

IN A NUTSHELL

5. The Core of Your Argument: Reasons and Evidence.

Supporting Claims

Reasons and Evidence as Forms of Support.

Distinguishing Reasons and Evidence.

Distinguishing Evidence and Reports of It

Direct and Reported Evidence

Multiple Reasons.

Reasons in Parallel

Reasons in Sequence

The Deep Complexity of Serious Arguments

Using Reasons to Help Readers Understand Evidence.

WRITING PROCESS: Reasons and Evidance

Preparing and Planning

Drafting: Integrating Quotations into Your Sentences; Avoiding Inadvertent Plagiarism

Revising

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks, Projects

FOCUS ON WRITING

SAMPLE ESSAYS

IN A NUTSHELL

6. The Core of Your Argument: Reporting Evidence.

Weigh Your Burden of Evidence.

Make a Plan to Find Evidence

The Four Maxims of Quality.

Trustworthy Reports of Evidence.

Reports of Memories

Anecdotes

Reports from Authorities

Visual Reports with Photographs, Drawings, and Recordings

Visual Presentations of Quantitative Data

Radical Skepticism

WRITING PROCESS: Reporting Evidence

Reading and Research

Working Collaboratively

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks, Projects

FOCUS ON WRITING

SAMPLE ESSAYS

IN A NUTSHELL

7. Your Readers’ Role in Your Argument: Acknowledgments and Responses

The Importance of Other Viewpoints.

Questions about Your Problem and Its Solution.

Questions about Your Support.

Questions about Your Consistency.

Responding with Subordinate Arguments

WRITING PROCESS: Acknowledgment and Responses

Reading and Research

Preparing and Planning

Drafting

Working Collaboratively

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks, Projects

FOCUS ON WRITING

IN A NUTSHELL

8. The Logic of Your Argument: Warranting Claims and Reasons

The Reasoning behind Reasons

What Warrants Look Like.

How Warrants Work

Knowing When to Use Warrants in a Written Argument

The Most Common Uses for Warrants

Two Special Uses for Warrants

How to Test a Warrant

Distinguishing Reasons and Warrants

The Challenge of Using Warrants.

Review: A Test Case.

Warranting Evidence

Arguing by Evidence vs. Arguing by Warrants.

WRITING PROCESS: Warrants

Preparing and Planning

Working Collaboratively

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks, Projects

FOCUS ON WRITING

IN A NUTSHELL

III. THINKING ABOUT THINKING IN ARGUMENTS: INTRODUCTION

9. The Forms of Reasoning.

Three Forms of Reasoning

Inductive Reasoning; From Specifics to a General Conclusion

Deductive Reasoning: From a Generalization to a Specific Conclusion

Abductive Reasoning: From Problem to Hypothesis to Confirmation

Real Life Barriers to Abductive Critical Thinking

Don’t Rely on Warrants in Place of Evidence

Don’t Collect Evidence Randomly

Guard Against the Biases Common in Abductive Thinking

WRITING PROCESS: Forms of Reasoning

Preparing and Planning

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks, Projects

FOCUS ON WRITING

IN A NUTSHELL

10. Arguments about Meanings.

Some Terminology.

Meanings and Problems.

What Problems Does Your Definition Solve?

Is the Issue of Meaning a Surrogate for a Larger Problem?
How to Argue about Meanings.

Do Readers Expect Common or Authorized Meanings?

Strategies for Using Common Meanings

Strategies for Using Authorized Meanings

When to Rely on Authorized Definitions

Why Dictionaries Cannot Settle Arguments over Meaning

WRITING PROCESS: Arguments about Meanings

Preparing and Planning

Drafting

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks, Projects

FOCUS ON WRITING

IN A NUTSHELL

11. Arguments about Causes

The Impossible Vastness of Causes.

Finding Relevant Causes.

Everyday Thinking about Causation

Thoughtful Thinking about Causation

Analyzing Causation Systematically.

The Principle of Similarity and Difference

The Principle of Co-Variation

Four Cautions about Using the Principles

Causation and Personal Responsibility.

Who’s Responsible?

Five Criteria for Assigning Personal Responsibility

Attribution Bias

WRITING PROCESS: Arguments about Causes

Preparing and Planning

Drafting

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks

FOCUS ON WRITING

IN A NUTSHELL

IV. THE LANGUAGES OF ARGUMENT: INTRODUCTION

12. Clear Language.

Some Principles of Clear and Direct Writing.

The Principles in a Nutshell

Concision and Vividness.

How to Be Concise

How to Be Vivid

Abstract vs. Concrete

The System of Imageable Words

Deliberate Generality

WRITING PROCESS: Clear Language

Revising

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks

A GUIDE TO TERMS

IN A NUTSHELL

13. The Overt and Covert Force of Language.

Invoking Values, Evoking Feeling.

Value-Laden Words

You Can’t Avoid Values

When Emotional Language Undermines Sound Thinking

Polarizing Language

Cynical Language

Subjects and Point of View.

Manipulating Subjects to Assign Responsibility

Treating Means as Agents

Abstractions as Characters.

Metaphorical Scenarios.

WRITING PROCESS: The Overt and Covert Force of Language

Drafting

Revising

INQUIRIES: Reflections, Tasks

IN A NUTSHELL

Appendix 1: Avoiding Inadvertent Plagiarism through Proper Citations

Appendix 2: Cognitive Biases and Fallacies

V. READINGS

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)