Creating a New Consensus on Population: The Politics of Reproductive Health, Reproductive Rights and Women's Empowerment / Edition 2

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Population growth, reproductive health and reproductive rights are amongst the most pressing issues facing governments and the international community. Since the world's governments agreed for the first time on far-reaching and enlightened population policies at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo, a good deal of progress has been made on these issues, but major challenges remain.

This fully updated edition of Creating a New Consensus on Population charts international progress on efforts to address population and development, reproductive health, reproductive rights, religion, contraception and the empowerment of women. Historical coverage includes the lead up process to the ICPD, the conference itself and the global consensus and the ICPD Programme of Action that resulted. The book then turns to how population issues have developed over the past decade and a half including follow-up and implementation at the international level by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and other UN agencies and organizations. Key international events are covered including the 1999 ICPD+5, Millennium Summit 2000, ICPD+10 and the 2005 MDG+5 as well as relevant regional events. The book also examines the reorientation of policies and programmes and implementation at national levels across the world. Crucially, it looks at emerging issues and partnerships including the increasing role of NGOs, women's groups, youth groups, foundations, public-private partnerships and other non-state stakeholders.

Written by Jyoti Shankar Singh, former ICPD Executive Coordinator, this is the definitive account of how the international community has engaged with population issues and policies and it offers insight into both the ongoing challenges as well as how an international consensus can be forged on crucial global issues. It is essential reading for all those involved in population, health and development issues and policies world-wide.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'No one interested in the field of the population issue and reproductive health should miss this important book. This is the right moment for an update'
Dr. Nicolaas Biegman, Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the UN, 1992-1997

'Fifteen years ago, the international community agreed on a vision for achieving population stabilization and sustainable development through universal access to family planning and reproductive health; gender equality in education, and fulfillment of the rights of women and men to economic, social and environmental security.
Jyoti Singh played an instrumental role in organizing the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). In this book, Dr. Singh reminds us that the ICPD's promise remains valid, but unfulfilled, and details how the world can overcome the barriers that stubbornly persist, especially for women.�
Senator Timothy E. Wirth, US Under-Secretary of State, 1995-1997;
President, UN Foundation

'Jyoti Shankar Singh in this revised edition not only reminds and updates us on the ICPD� process but takes us through the intriguing journey of 'The Politics of Reproductive Health, Reproductive Rights and Women's Empowerment,' as he aptly puts it. This book is recommended reading for all - from politicians and planners to professionals and field workers.�It is comprehensive and forward looking while objective and frank in addressing the challenges, constraints and realities of implementing the Cairo consensus. I sincerely hope that Jyoti Singh will continue his efforts to map the process as countries strive to achieve the ICPD� and MDG� goals by 2015'
Dr. Raj Karim, Regional Director, International Planned Parenthood Federation, East and South East Asia and Oceania Region,Kuala Lumput, Malaysia

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781844079056
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 12/28/2009
  • Edition description: 2
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Jyoti Shankar Singh is Permanent Observer to the United Nations, Partners in Population and Development (PPD)- an intergovernmental organization of 24 developing countries dedicated to promotion of South-South cooperation in population and development. He is Former Deputy Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and served as Executive Coordinator of the 1984 International Conference on Population and the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD).
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Table of Contents

Introduction ix

Acknowledgments xiii

List of acronyms and abbreviations xv

1 Bucharest, Mexico and Cairo 1

Bucharest Conference 4

What was Achieved at Bucharest? 10

Mexico Conference 11

Mexico Recommendations 17

The Amsterdam Forum 20

The Cairo Process: Extensive and Inclusive 20

2 From Family Planning to Reproductive Health 29

Basic Rights of 'Couples and Individuals' 29

Definition of Reproductive Health 31

Operational Linkages 32

Expert Group Meetings 33

Regional Conferences 35

NQO Meetings 39

PrepCom II 41

Round Tables and Other Meetings 46

Draft Final Document 48

PrepCom III 52

Views on Abortion 53

Cairo: Move Towards a Consensus 57

Debate on Abortion 64

A New Consensus 68

What Did Cairo Accomplish on Reproductive Health? 72

3 Population and Development 77

Integration of Population and Development Strategies 78

Population Growth and Structure 84

The Reduction or Morbidity and Mortality 88

Population Distribution and Migration 91

Refugees and Displaced Persons 91

International Migration 93

Data, Research and Training 97

The Role of Population Specialists at Cairo 98

4 The Empowerment of Women 101

Bucharest and Mexico 101

Expect Group Meeting on Population and Women 103

PrepCom II 104

Draft Final Document and PrepCom III 106

Definition of Family 109

Other Issues and Concerns 110

Was Women's Empowerment Overemphasized? 112

5 Partnership with the Non-Governmental Sector 117

NGOs in the Bucharest Preparatory Process 118

NGOs and the Mexico Conference 121

NGOs and the Cairo Conference 122

NGO Accreditation 123

NGOs in the ICPD Process 126

NGO Events 129

Cooperation with the Private Sector 132

6 Mobilizing Resources for Population Programmes 135

Historical Perspective 136

UNFPA Review and Assessment 137

Amsterdam Forum 139

ICPD Preparatory Activities 141

Funding Estimates 143

PrepCom III 147

Negotiations in Cairo 150

South-South Cooperation 152

20/20 Concept 153

Additional Resources for Development 155

7 The Cairo Agenda and the International Community 157

ICPD+5 158

21st Special Session of the General Assembly 159

ICPD Goals and MDGs 167

ICPD+10 171

MDG+5 175

ICPD+15 176

8 Institutional Response 179

Governance of UNFPA 182

Institutional Arrangements 183

Agency Follow-up and Inter-agency Collaboration 184

Follow-up by UN Organizations 188


New Partnerships 193

9 Implementing the Cairo Agenda 197

Maternal Mortality 199

International Migration 201

Integration of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Services 202

Reproductive Health Commodity Security 203

Decline in Funding for Family Planning 204

Adolescent Health 205

Data Collection and Analysis 206

Empowerment of Women 206

The Increasing Role of the NGO Sector 208

Mobilization of Resources 210

Implementing the Cairo Agenda 216

Should there be another Global Conference? 217

Notes and references 219

Bibliography 227

Appendix: Chronology of major events relating to the International Conference on Population and Development 235

Index 239

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