Creating Social Trust In Post-Socialist Transition / Edition 1

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Overview

cOne of the central characteristics of socialist states and societies has been the absence of trust—between the state and the citizens, and then among citizens themselves. The process of developing trust is thus a major issue facing post-Socialist countries, and this book brings together a group of leading scholars to examine barriers to and bulwarks of trust in theoretical, cross-national, and topical perspectives. From the distinctive paradox of illegal organizations—such as the Mafiya—relying on trust within but undermining it without, to the effects of transparency, the authors examine the bases of trust and the effects of its presence or absence. Throughout the analysis is grounded in the interaction of individuals and their social, political, and economic environments.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This volume takes its readers on a fascinating journey through the murky marshlands of post-socialist transition. It provides a wealth of new empirical insights, and a set of challenging new theoretical approaches. On completion of the journey, we have learned a great deal not only about post-socialism. Even more importantly, we come away with a richer understanding of the fundamental problems that are involved in building social capital and social trust. For policy makers and scholars alike, this should be required reading."—Stefan Hedlund, Professor of East European Studies, Uppsala University

"This fine and powerful volume is a major contribution to the study of the non-economic sources of economic order. It brings together distinguished scholars from several disciplines to discuss from various viewpoints the question of the role played by social trust in the emergence of efficient economic institutions, sources of honesty and trust, and the relationship between institution building and the evolution of social trust. Based on original and innovative study of the different aspects of the Post-Socialist transformation, it offers new ways of thinking about these issues and it presents a timely and thought provoking overview of the problems of creating social trust in the process of encompassing political and economic change."—Laszlo Bruszt, Central European University and European University Institute

"An important interdisciplinary and international contribution to the understanding of post-socialist societies, which at the same time throws new light on some more general theoretical issues vividly debated in contemporary social science. In a creative fashion it joins the perspectives of the committed insiders, scholars from the former socialist countries, and informed outsiders studying the region from an intellectual and emotional distance. The volume successfully combines theoretical reflection with rich empirical evidence and background knowledge of the area. It is addressed both to the specialists in the field of democratic transitions, and all those for whom the post-socialist societies provide a strategic research site for the study of soft cultural factors of social life—trust, honesty, truthfulness, loyalty, solidarity and the like."—Piotr Sztompka, President, International Sociological Association (ISA)

"This is a wonderful collection in which the authors advance concepts by insightful analysis of rich empirical materials. Comparisons across country cases abound—within and among the chapters. Delightfully, some of the findings are surprising. Enjoyably, the contributors don't always agree with each other. There is a lively debate here that will be of interest not only to those studying transforming economies but to economic sociologists more generally."—David Stark, Arthur Lehman Professor of Sociology & International Affairs, Columbia University, and External Faculty Member, the Santa Fe Institute

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Janos Kornai is Allie S. Freed Professor of Economics Emeritus, Harvard University and Fellow Emeritus, Collegium Budapest, Institute for Advanced Study. Bo Rothstein is August Röhss Chair in Political Science, Göteborg University. Susan Rose-Ackerman is Henry R. Luce Professor of Jurisprudence (Law and Political Science), Yale University.

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Table of Contents

Preface—Janos Kornai and Susan Rose-Ackerman
• Introduction: Creating Social Trust—Bo Rothstein
Part I: Social Capital and Democratic Transition
• Social Capital and Honesty in Government: A Causal Mechanisms Approach—Bo Rothstein
• Honesty, Trust, and Legal Norms in the Transition to Democracy: Why Bo Rothstein Is Better Able to Explain Sweden than Romania—Eric M. Uslaner and Gabriel Badescu
Part II: Trust and the Business Environment
• Measuring Trust in Transition: Preliminary Findings from Twenty-six Transition Economies—Martin Raiser, Alan Rousso, and Franklin Steves
• Underground Financing in Russia—Alena Ledeneva
• How Trust Is Established in Economic Relationships when Institutions and Individuals Are Not Trustworthy: The Case of Russia—Vadim Radaev
• Establishing Confidence in Business Partners: Courts, Networks, and Relationships as Pillars of Support—Christopher Woodruff
• The Selective Use of State Capacity in Russia's Economy: Property Disputes and Enterprise Takeovers, 1998-2002—Vadim Volkov
• Mafia Transplantation—Federico Varese
• Beyond Law Enforcement: Governing Financial Markets in China and Russia—Katerina Pistor and Chenggang Xu
Part III: Trust, Cooperation, and Success
• The Emergence of Trust Networks under Uncertainty: The Case of Transitional Economies—Insights from Social Psychological Research—Karen Cook, Eric R. W. Rice, and Alexandra Gerbasi
• Blindness to Success: Social Psychological Objectives along the Way to a Market Economy in Eastern Europe—György Csepeli, Antal Örkény, Mária Székelyi, and Ildikó Barna

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