Creational Theology and the History of Physical Science: The Creationist Tradition from Basil to Bohr

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This volume documents the role of creational theology in discussions of natural philosophy, medicine and technology from the Hellenistic period to the early twentieth century. Four principal themes are the comprehensibility of the world, the unity of heaven and earth, the relative autonomy of nature, and the ministry of healing.
Successive chapters focus on Greco-Roman science, medieval Aristotelianism, early modern science, the heritage of Isaac Newton, and post-Newtonian mechanics.
The volume will interest historians of science and historians of the idea of creation. It simultaneously details the persistence of tradition and the emergence of modernity and provides the historical background for later discussions of creation and evolution.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Christopher B. Kaiser, Ph.D. (1968) in Astrogeophysics, University of Colorado, and (1974) in Theology, University of Edinburgh, is Professor of Historical and Systematic Theology at Western Theological Seminary, Holland, Michigan. He has published extensively in theology and science.
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Table of Contents

Introduction 1
Ch. 1 The Early Church and Greco-Roman Science (Through the Twelfth Century A.D.) 13
A Background: From Intertestamental Judaism to Basil of Caesarea 13
B The Creationist Tradition: Comprehensibility of the World 21
C The Creationist Tradition: Unity of Heaven and Earth 27
D The Creationist Tradition: Relative Autonomy of Nature 32
E The Creationist Tradition: Ministry of Healing and Restoration 60
Ch. 2 The Medieval Church and Aristotelian Science (Thirteenth Century to the Fifteenth Century) 84
A The Reception of Aristotelian Science 84
B The Impact of Aristotelian Science on Scholastic Theology 88
C The Influence of Medieval Theology on Natural Science 112
Ch. 3 Renaissance, Reformation, and Early Modern Science (Fifteenth Century through the Seventeenth Century) 134
A Renaissance Science through Copernicus and Paracelsus 134
B Renaissance Science and Reformation Theology through Kepler and Bacon 162
C The Seventeenth Century: Spiritualist, Mechanist, and Platonic Traditions through Leibniz, Boyle, and Newton 199
Ch. 4 The Heritage of Isaac Newton: From Natural Theology to Naturalism (The Eighteenth Century) 252
A The Newtonian Tradition from Newton to Hutton 252
B Post-Newtonian Materialists 295
C British and American Anti-Newtonians 319
D Post-Newtonian Cosmogonists and Neo-Mechanists 335
Ch. 5 The Creationist Tradition and the Emergence of Post-Newtonian Mechanics (Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries) 352
A The Nineteenth-Century Context 352
B The Mechanical Philosophy Challenged (Oersted, Davy, and Faraday) 357
C The Mechanical Philosophy Restated and Formalised (Whewell, Joule and Kelvin) 366
D The Mechanical Philosophy Generalised (Maxwell) 379
E Conclusion: The Contribution of the Creationist Tradition to Twentieth-Century Physics (Einstein and Bohr) 388
Retrospect and Prospect 400
Bibliography 408
Indices 440
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