Creative R & D Leadership: Insights from Japan

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Styles of effective leadership in the much-admired research arm of Japanese organizations are examined for the first time in this scientifically validated study of research and development units. Creative R & D Leadership provides new data about how and why certain types of leaders are more successful than others and offers insightful social and cultural explanations for that success. Bess shows that it is the unique blending of personalities among leaders and subordinates that results in creative and innovative teams — hallmarks not only for good R & D performance, but organizational effectiveness as well. Bess' findings and interpretations will have significant implications for policymakers throughout the world, including the United States, as new ways for American management to restructure organizational techniques and strategies to enhance competitiveness worldwide are revealed. A major contribution to the literature on organizational behavior and development, leadership studies, R & D management, and cross-cultural understanding.

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Editorial Reviews

Bess (higher education, New York U.) avoids adding to the many descriptions of Japanese management styles, but uses examples from Japan to throw light on western assumptions and practices. Examining the management of research and development in Japanese universities and comparing it to that in industry and government, he illuminates the emerging recognition of the limits to rational and linear thinking in the practice of leadership, the nascent concept of self-managing teams, the embodiment of leadership in a charismatic individual, and leadership as a function of interactions between and within each level of hierarchy. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780899309156
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 8/30/1995
  • Pages: 382
  • Lexile: 1400L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.88 (d)

Meet the Author

JAMES L. BESS is Professor of Higher Education at New York University.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction and Background 3
2 Conceptual Framework 16
3 Japanese Society and Culture 33
4 Education in Japan 39
5 Family Roles and Interactions 50
6 Individualism and Collectivism in Japan 58
7 Organizational Design 73
8 Small Work Groups in Japan 85
9 Technology, Creativity, and Innovation 97
10 National R & D Policy and the Organization of R & D 106
11 Conflict and Conflict Management 123
12 Leadership 147
13 Methods of Research 179
14 Leadership by Japanese R & D Managers 215
15 Conflict Management 276
16 Worker Preferences for Leader Types 292
17 Conclusions and Recommendations 301
References 313
Index 351
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