Creative State: Forty Years of Migration and Development Policy in Morocco and Mexico

Creative State: Forty Years of Migration and Development Policy in Morocco and Mexico

by Natasha Iskander
     
 

ISBN-10: 0801448727

ISBN-13: 9780801448720

Pub. Date: 12/16/2010

Publisher: Cornell University Press

At the turn of the twenty-first century, with the amount of money emigrants sent home soaring to new highs, governments around the world began searching for ways to capitalize on emigration for economic growth, and they looked to nations that already had policies in place. Morocco and Mexico featured prominently as sources of "best practices" in this area, with

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Overview

At the turn of the twenty-first century, with the amount of money emigrants sent home soaring to new highs, governments around the world began searching for ways to capitalize on emigration for economic growth, and they looked to nations that already had policies in place. Morocco and Mexico featured prominently as sources of "best practices" in this area, with tailor-made financial instruments that brought migrants into the banking system, captured remittances for national development projects, fostered partnerships with emigrants for infrastructure design and provision, hosted transnational forums for development planning, and emboldened cross-border political lobbies. In Creative State, Natasha Iskander chronicles how these innovative policies emerged and evolved over forty years. She reveals that the Moroccan and Mexican policies emulated as models of excellence were not initially devised to link emigration to development, but rather were deployed to strengthen both governments' domestic hold on power. The process of policy design, however, was so iterative and improvisational that neither the governments nor their migrant constituencies ever predicted, much less intended, the ways the new initiatives would gradually but fundamentally redefine nationhood, development, and citizenship. Morocco's and Mexico's experiences with migration and development policy demonstrate that far from being a prosaic institution resistant to change, the state can be a remarkable site of creativity, an essential but often overlooked component of good governance.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780801448720
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
Publication date:
12/16/2010
Pages:
392
Product dimensions:
5.80(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

List of Acronyms xiii

Maps xv

Timeline xviii

1 Introduction: Interpretive Engagement in Morocco and Mexico 1

2 Discretionary State Seeing: Emigration Policy in Morocco and Mexico until 1963 27

3 Reaching Out: Beginning a Conversation with Moroccan Emigrants, 1963-1973 60

4 Relational Awareness and Controlling Relationships: Moroccan State Engagement with Moroccan Emigrants, 1974-1990 86

5 Practice and Power: Emigrants and Development in the Moroccan Souss 118

6 Process as Resource: Two Kings and the Politics of Rural Development 157

7 The Reluctant Conversationalist: The Mexican Government's Discontinuous Engagement with Mexican Americans, 1968-2000 192

8 From Interpretation to Political Movement: State-Migrant Engagement in Zacatecas 236

9 The Relationship between "Seeing" and "Interpreting": The Mexican Government's Interpretive Engagement with Mexican Migrants 274

10 Conclusion: Creating the Creative State 305

Appendix: Methodology 317

Notes 321

References 331

Index 357

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