Crime and Justice: A Casebook Approach / Edition 1by Carolyn Boyes-Watson
Pub. Date: 10/22/2002
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
This highly innovative new book covers concepts, critical issues, and real-life dilemmas through an in-depth exploration of fifteen historical and contemporary case studies in crime and justice. Crime and Justice: A Casebook Approach invites readers to critically evaluate the evolving meaning and administration of justice within the U.S/i>/b>/b>… See more details below
This highly innovative new book covers concepts, critical issues, and real-life dilemmas through an in-depth exploration of fifteen historical and contemporary case studies in crime and justice. Crime and Justice: A Casebook Approach invites readers to critically evaluate the evolving meaning and administration of justice within the U.S. through extended examination of the victims perspective, historical reforms, current innovations, and alternative perspectives on justice. Issues of race, class, and gender inequality are considered through multiple cases combined with the legal and policy developments resulting from reform. Current debates within the emerging field of community and restorative justice are viewed in the context of earlier reforms and public policy debate. Readers are encouraged throughout the cases to evaluate and re-evaluate their own sense and understanding of justice. For anyone interested in learning more about our criminal justice system!
Table of ContentsAll cases conclude with critical thinking questions and resources for further study about the case. The chapters begin with learning objectives and conclude with key terms, review and study questions, resources for further study, and notes.
I. JUSTICE AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM.
1. Crime, Law and Justice.
Case 1. A Seventeenth-Century Crime Wave: The Salem Witch Trials.
What is Crime?
What is Justice?
The Values of Crime Control versus Due Process.
2. The Struggle for Justice.
Case 2. And Justice for All: The Scottsboro Trials.
Social Change in the Criminal Justice System.
The Structure of the Criminal Justice System.
And Justice for All?
3. The Justice Process.
Case 3. The Spectacle of Criminal Justice: The Case of Willie Horton.
The Criminal Justice System.
Discretion in the Five Stages of the Justice Process.
Models of the Criminal Justice System.
The Dilemma of Discretion.
Politics and Crime: The Issue of Expressive Justice.
4. Understanding the Crime Picture.
Case 4. The Fall of the Queen of Mean: The Case of Leona Helmsley.
Getting the Crime Picture.
The Crime Picture.
Understanding the Symbolic Picture of Crime.
5. Understanding Criminal Law.
Case 5. Accident or Homicide? The Shooting of Yoshi Hattori.
Material Elements of the Crime.
Principles of Defense.
6. Understanding Victims.
Case 6. Facing the Demons: Making Amends for Drunk Driving.
The Decline of the Victim in the Justice Process.
The Field of Victimology.
Secondary Victimization by the Criminal Justice System.
II. ENFORCING THE LAW.
7. Police and the Law.
Case 7. Security or Dignity? Rosa at the Border.
The Structure of U.S. Law Enforcement.
Policing and the Law.
8. Beyond the Limits of the Law: Police Culture and the Problem of Violence.
Case 8. The Thin Blue Line: Rodney King and the LAPD.
Forms of Police Misconduct.
Regulating the Use of Force.
Explaining Police Violence.
The War Model of Policing.
9. The Mission of Policing in the Twenty-First Century.
Case 9. A Woman in Charge: The Case of Chief Paula Meara.
Origins of Policing.
Professionalism: A Master Trend.
Reimagining the Role of Police.
III. THE JUDICIAL PROCESS.
10. The Structure of the U.S. Judiciary.
Case 10. The Poor Man in Court: The Case of Clarence Gideon.
Structure of the Courts.
Lower Courts: Courts of Limited Jurisdiction.
Trial Courts: Courts of General Jurisdiction.
Appellate Courts and the Right of Appeal.
The Federal Court System.
The Impact of the Supreme Court on Criminal Justice Policy.
Did Gideon “Work?”
11. Players and Plea Bargains in the Courtroom.
Case 11. Bargaining for Justice: Bordenkircher v. Hayes.
The Courtroom Work Group.
The Legal Profession.
The Process of Plea Negotiation.
Is Plea Bargaining Just?
12. Trials and Juries.
Case 12. Judging Justice: The Case of Reginald Denny.
The Trial Process.
Jury Nullification Today.
IV. CORRECTIONS AND PUNISHMENT.
13. Sentencing and Justice.
Case 13. The Crime of Punishment: The Case of Kemba Smith.
Five Goals of Sentencing.
Range of Modern Sentences.
Deciding Death: The Issue of Capital Punishment.
The Justification for Kemba's Sentence.
14. Inside the Prison World.
Case 14. Surviving Time: The Case of Rubin “Hurricane” Carter.
Origins of Prison: Enlightenment and Reform.
Inside the Prison World.
Contemporary Prison Issues.
What About Rehabilitation?
15. The Community and Corrections.
Case 15. Circles of Hope: Community Justice in South St. Paul.
The Origins of Probation and Parole.
History of Community Corrections.
The Diversion Movement of the 1960s ad 1970s.
The Intermediate Sanctions Movement.
The Restorative and Community Justice Movements.
The Role of the Community.
Problem Solving in Community and Restorative Justice.
Looking Toward the Future.
Appendix A: The Bill of Rights: The First Ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Appendix B: Amendment XIV to the U.S. Constitution.
Appendix C: A Victim's Bill of Rights.
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