Crime and Schizophrenia: Causes and Cures

Overview

While the link between crime and schizophrenia has been noted for almost a century, it is only recently that research has provided convincing, broad-based evidence for this association. This advance in knowledge also brings with it the troublesome danger that schizophrenia patients could be doubly-stigmatized in society: they suffer from a serious mental illness and furthermore they are potentially dangerous. This understandable fear has both lead to significant resistance in accepting that the crime – ...
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Overview

While the link between crime and schizophrenia has been noted for almost a century, it is only recently that research has provided convincing, broad-based evidence for this association. This advance in knowledge also brings with it the troublesome danger that schizophrenia patients could be doubly-stigmatized in society: they suffer from a serious mental illness and furthermore they are potentially dangerous. This understandable fear has both lead to significant resistance in accepting that the crime – schizophrenia relationship truly exists. While well-meaning, this resistance has resulted in three unfortunate consequences. First, by not recognizing that the relationship exists, the comorbid antisocial and violent behavior of schizophrenia patients has gone unchecked, and consequently the stigma associated with this comorbidity goes on unabated. Second, research in this area has become almost fixated on the simple establishment of a link between the two conditions, and has not moved on to more important research that could help develop new perspectives on the nature of the crime – schizophrenia relationship in a way which will significantly benefit our understanding and treatment of both conditions. Frustratingly, we actually know surprisingly little about the crime – schizophrenia relationship. The third and more indirect consequence is that the issue of schizophrenia-spectrum disorder in antisocial criminal populations is almost entirely ignored. Such individuals literally fall between the cracks in both the mental health system and the criminal justice system. For these reasons, it is argued that ignoring or denying the crime – schizophrenia relationship ultimately does more harmthan good. The main goal of this book is to stimulate a new generation of research on the crime – schizophrenia relationship which could benefit not just individuals with these two conditions, but also society in general. Going beyond the fundamental issue of whether there is a relationship between crime and schizophrenia, contributors to this book both outline risk factors for crime and schizophrenia and also develop hypotheses on which factors may give rise to both conditions, and hence in part explain the comorbidity issue. Furthermore, contributors go on to outlining intervention and prevention programs for not just crime and schizophrenia, but also for both conditions simultaneously. (From the Preface)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781594546099
  • Publisher: Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 7/28/2005
  • Format: Library Binding
  • Pages: 342
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 10.20 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Ch. 1 Pursuing a second generation of research on crime and schizophrenia 3
Ch. 2 Schizophrenia and violence : the overlap 15
Ch. 3 Sex differences in aggressive and delinquent behavior in schizotypal adolescents 29
Ch. 4 Evidence from behavioral genetics for environmental contributions to antisocial conduct 45
Ch. 5 Biological risk factors for antisocial and criminal behavior 83
Ch. 6 Malnutrition, brain dysfunction and antisocial criminal behavior 109
Ch. 7 Malnutrition, cognitive ability and schizotypy 131
Ch. 8 Neurodevelopment and postnatal maturation : a diachronic framework to examine gene/environment interactions in psychiatric disorders 151
Ch. 9 Fetal neural development and deviance 167
Ch. 10 Fetal origins of antisocial personality disorder and schizophrenia : evidence from the Dutch hunger winter 1944-45 179
Ch. 11 Schizophrenia and violence : a common developmental pathway? 203
Ch. 12 Neuroanatomical and genetic influences on schizophrenia and crime : the schizophrenia-crime association 219
Ch. 13 Preventing crime and schizophrenia using early environmental enrichment 249
Ch. 14 Prevention of chronic physical aggression : an epigenetic perspective 267
Ch. 15 Sexual hormones and aggressive behavior : are they relevant to schizophrenia? 287
Ch. 16 Treatment approaches to aggressive behavior in schizophrenia 301
App The Mauritius child health project : its origins, procedures, ethical issues, and outcome 315
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