Crimes of the Powerful: A Reader / Edition 1

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Overview

Crimes of the powerful - the crimes committed by state institutions and private business organizations or corporations – are often overlooked by Criminology, or are treated at best as a mildly interesting diversion from the real business of crime and criminal justice. Indeed, academic Criminology in the main tends to reinforce the idea that the real problems of society can be located in the lower strata of society and is yet to come to terms with overwhelming evidence that crimes of the institutionally powerful kill, rip off and steal from more people than crimes committed by individuals.

This exciting Reader introduces debates on crimes of the powerful with a selection of 45 extracts from key authors. Each section of the book is introduced with an original essay to contextualize the readings and explain their importance for rethinking the relationship between crime and power.

The book is organised into the following sections:

  • State, Violence and Crime
  • Partners in Crime
  • Capitalism and Crimes of the Powerful
  • Law and the Corporation
  • Explanations
  • Definitions
  • The Problem of Criminalization

If we are to fully understand the crimes of the powerful, it is crucial to recognise that the process of criminalisation is profoundly influenced by state institutions and corporations – and more importantly, by the relationship between them. The readings in this book show how their ability to both make and break the law remains a key source of power for those institutions.

Crimes of the Powerful explores how law and 'crime' provide a framework for configuring and reproducing social relations of power, in doing so, provides criminology, sociology, politics and international relations students with new insights into a subject of growing importance.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780335223909
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
  • Publication date: 12/1/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 280
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Meet the Author

David Whyte is Reader in Sociology at the University of Liverpool, UK, where he teaches and researches the crimes of the powerful.

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Table of Contents

Series editor's foreword ix

Publisher's acknowledgements xi

Introduction: Studying the Crimes of the Powerful 1

Section 1 State, violence, crime 5

States of exception 5

1 Politics as a vocation Max Weber 13

2 Critique of violence Walter Benjamin 15

3 Political crime Louis Proal 18

4 Eichmann in Jerusalem: a report on the banality of evil Hannah Arendt 21

5 Sovereign police Georgio Agamben 23

6 Unfinished business: state killings and the quest for truth Bill Rolston 26

Section 2 Partners in crime 28

The protection reaket state 28

7 War making and state making as organized crime Charles Tilly 38

8 Brigandage, piracy, capitalism, and state-formation: transnational crime from a historical world-systems perspective Thomas W. Gallant 41

9 In time of peace Smedley D. Butler 45

10 Gangster capitalism: the United States and the global rise of organized crime Michael Woodiwiss 48

11 State-organized crime William Chambliss 51

12 Globalization, state-coporate crime and women Nancy Wonders Mona Danner 54

13 Free trade and monopoly Karl Marx 59

Section 3 Capitalism and crimes of the powerful 61

The slow sacrifice of humanity 61

14 Capital: a critical analysis of capitalist production, Volume 1 Karl Marx 70

15 The Amazon journal of Roger Casement Roger Casement 74

16 Sin and society: an analysis of latter-day iniquity E.A. Ross 78

17 The Robber Barons Matthew Josephson 82

18 White collar crime in modern England: financial fraud and business morality 1845-1929 George Robb 85

19 Corporate crime in the pharmaceutical industry John Braithwaite 90

20 Toxic capitalism: corporate crime and the chemical industry FrankPearce Steve Tombs 93

Section 4 Law and the corporation 99

Structures of irresponsibility 99

21 The corporation: the pathological pursuit of profit and power Joel Bakan 106

22 Crime and capitalist business corporations Frank Pearce 112

23 The theory of business enterprise Thorstein Veblen 117

24 Corporations and criminal responsibility Celia Wells 120

25 Wealth by stealth Harry Glasbeek 125

Section 5 Explanations 130

The Organisation of domination 130

26 Modernity and the Holocaust Zigmunt Bauman 138

27 Human rights and crimes of the state: the culture of denial Stanley Cohen 144

28 White-collar crime: the uncut version Edwin Sutherland 149

29 Anomie and corporate deviance Nikos Passas 153

30 Ideology, hegemony and empiricism Frank Pearce Steve Tombs 157

31 The other price of Britain's oil: regulating safety on offshore oil installations in the British sector of the North Sea W.G. Carson 160

32 Theoretical perspectives on the corporate victimisation of women Sally Simpson Lori Elis 165

Section 6 Definitions 170

In the eye of the beholder: between crime and harm 170

33 The real terror network Ed Herman 178

34 White collar criminality Edwin Sutherland 183

35 Who is the criminal? Paul W. Tappan 187

36 The sociology of corporate crime: an obituary (or: whose knowledge claims have legs?) Laureen Snider 191

37 Defenders of order or guardians of human rights? Herman Schwendinger Julia Schwendinger 200

38 State crime, human rights, and the limits of criminology Penny Green Tony Ward 205

39 The World Bank and crimes of globalization: a Case Study David O. Friedrichs Jessica Friedrichs 208

Section 7 The problem of criminalisation 211

The power to break the law 211

40 Capital: a critical analysis of capitalist production, Volume 1 Karl Marx 220

41 Downsized by law, ideology and pragmatics - policing white-collar crime Anne Alvesalo 226

42 The Space between Laws: The Problem of Corporate Crime in a Transnational Context Raymond Michalowski Ronald Kramer 230

43 Are women human? And other international dialogues Catherine MacKinnon 238

44 The degradation of the international legal order? Ben Bowring 245

45 Preventive war 'the supreme crime' Noam Chomsky 251

Index 253

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