Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction / Edition 4by Frank Schmalleger
Pub. Date: 05/04/2000
Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction uses real-life stories throughout that are designed to capture and sustain the attention of its readers, helping them achieve a meaningful and comprehensive understanding of its concepts. It explores how the criminal justice system balances individual rights (freedom) with the need for public order (safety). It explores the new environment of the ongoing threat of domestic terrorism; with its updated research and statistics, this edition is the most timely and relevant resource available. Real-life examples of current issues and topics in the criminal justice system round out comprehensive coverage of criminology, multiculturalism, crime reporting, criminal law, policing, adjudication and the court system, and the corrections system. With its comprehensive appendices and online resource guide, this book is an excellent reference for those involved in the criminal justice system.
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Table of Contents(NOTE:All chapters begin with an Introduction.)
About the Author.
Instructions for Accessing the Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction World Wide Web Site.
I. CRIME IN AMERICA. 1. What Is Criminal Justice?
Crime in the Last Half Century. The Theme of This Book. American Criminal Justice: The System. American Criminal Justice: The Process. Due Process and Individual Rights. Criminal Justice and Criminology. Multiculturalism and Diversity in Criminal Justice. 2. The Crime Picture.
The Uniform Crime Reports. The National Crime Victimization Survey. Comparisons of the UCR and the NCVs. Special Categories of Crime. 3. Criminal Law.
The Nature and Purpose of the Law. The Rule of the Law. Types of Law. General Categories of Crime. General Features of Crime. Elements of a Specific Criminal Offense. Types of Defenses to a Criminal Charge.
II. POLICING. 4. Police Organization and Management.
Federal Law Enforcement Agencies. State-Level Agencies. Local Agencies. Police Administration. Police Departments as Learning Organizations. Discretion and the Individual Officer. 5. Policing: Legal Aspects.
The Abuse of Police Power. Individual Rights. Search and Seizure. Arrest. The Intelligence Function. 6. Issues in Policing.
Police Personality and Culture. Corruption and Integrity. The Dangers of Police Work. Police Civil Liability. Racial Profiling. Police Use of Force. Professionalism and Ethics. Ethnic and Gender Diversity inPolicing. Private Protective Services.
III. ADJUDICATION. 7. The Courts.
American Court History. Pretrial Activities. 8. The Courtroom Work Group and the Criminal Trial.
The Courtroom Work Group: Professional Courtroom Actors. Outsiders: Nonprofessional Courtroom Participants. The Criminal Trial. Improving the Adjudication Process. 9. Sentencing.
The Philosophy and Goals of Criminal Sentencing. Indeterminate Sentencing. Structured Sentencing. Truth in Sentencing. Federal Sentencing Guidelines. Innovations in Sentencing. The Sentencing Environment. The Victim - Forgotten No Longer. Traditional Sentencing Options.
IV. CORRECTIONS. 10. Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections.
What Is Probation? What Is Parole? Probation and Parole: The Pluses and Minuses. The Legal Environment. The Federal Probation System. The Job of Probation and Parole Officers. Intermediate Sanctions. The Future of Probation and Parole. 11. Prisons and Jails.
Prisons Today. Recent Improvements. Jails. Private Prisons. 12. Prison Life.
The Male Inmate's World. The Female Inmate's World. The Staff World. Prison Riots. Prisoner's Rights. Issues Facing Prisons Today. Appendix I: The Bill of Rights.
Appendix II: List of Acronyms.
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