Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction / Edition 5

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Overview

Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction uses real-life stories throughout that are designed to capture and sustain the attention of its readers, helping them achieve a meaningful and comprehensive understanding of its concepts. It explores how the criminal justice system balances individual rights (freedom) with the need for public order (safety). It explores the new environment of the ongoing threat of domestic terrorism; with its updated research and statistics, this edition is the most timely and relevant resource available. Real-life examples of current issues and topics in the criminal justice system round out comprehensive coverage of criminology, multiculturalism, crime reporting, criminal law, policing, adjudication and the court system, and the corrections system. With its comprehensive appendices and online resource guide, this book is an excellent reference for those involved in the criminal justice system.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
An introductory text for students and criminal justice professionals alike, focusing on police, courts and corrections, and highlighting the need to balance respect for the rights of the individual with the interests of society. Covers the Uniform Crime Reports program; sources and types of criminal law; police administration; adjudication and sentencing; the criminal trial; and prisons. Includes the complete text of the US Constitution. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131407763
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 5/13/2003
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 608
  • Product dimensions: 8.20 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D., is director of the Justice Research Association, a private consulting firm and think tank focusing on issues of crime and justice.  The Justice Research Association (JRA) serves the needs of the nation's civil and criminal justice planners and administrators through workshops, conferences, and grant-writing and program evaluation support.  JRA also sponsors the Criminal Justice Distance Learing Consortium (CJDLC), which resides on the Web at ).

 

 Schmalleger is also founding editor of the journal Criminal Justice Studies.  He has served as editor for the Prentice Hall series Criminal Justice in the Twenty-First Century.

 

 Schmalleger's philosophy of both teaching and writing can be summed up in these words: "In order to communicate knowledge, we must first catch, then hold, a person's interest - be it student, colleague, or policymaker.  Our writing, our speaking, and our teaching must be relevant to the problems facing people today, and they must in some way help solve those problems."

 

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Read an Excerpt

PREFACE:

PREFACE

Criminal justice is a dynamic and fluid field of study. Ever changing crime statistics, newsworthy events involving American law enforcement, precedent-setting U.S. Supreme Court decisions, and rapidly breaking innovations in correctional practice all challenge instructors and students alike to keep pace with a field undergoing constant modification.

As the floodgates to the twenty-first century open wider, and accelerated change engulfs American society, it is appropriate that a streamlined and up-to-date book such as this should be in the hands of students. The information age and all that it has wrought is here, and the quick dissemination of information has become a vital part of contemporary life.

Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction results from the realization that today's justice students need to have the latest quality information available to them in a concise and affordable source. The paperback format of this book has made it possible to quickly translate the latest happenings in the justice field into a pragmatic textbook that is both inexpensive and easy to read.

Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction focuses directly on the crime picture in America and the three traditional elements of the criminal justice system: police, courts, and corrections. The text is enhanced by the addition of career boxes that can assist today's pragmatically minded students in making appropriate career choices. Colorful photographs, charts, graphs, and other visual aids help keep student attention and add variety to the text. Twenty-First Century Criminal Justice boxes, which are placed strategicallythroughout the book, draw attention to the many exciting possibilities facing the justice system as it realizes the possibilities held out by the new millennium. APB News! stories, an added feature in this edition, bring a true-to-life dimension to the text, and allow insight into the everyday workings of the justice system.

As the author of numerous books on criminal justice, I have often been amazed at how the end result of the justice process is sometimes barely recognizable to anyone involved in the process as justice in any practical sense of the word. It is my sincere hope that the technological and publishing revolutions that have contributed to this book will combine with a growing social awareness to facilitate needed changes in our system; and that will help supplant what have at times appeared as self-serving, system-perpetuated injustices with new standards of equity, compassion, understanding, fairness, and heartfelt justice for all.

Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D.
The Justice Research Association
March 2000

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Table of Contents

(NOTE:All chapters begin with an Introduction.)
About the Author.
Preface.
Instructions for Accessing the Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction World Wide Web Site.
Acknowledgements.

I. CRIME IN AMERICA. 1. What Is Criminal Justice?

Crime in the Last Half Century. The Theme of This Book. American Criminal Justice: The System. American Criminal Justice: The Process. Due Process and Individual Rights. Criminal Justice and Criminology. Multiculturalism and Diversity in Criminal Justice. 2. The Crime Picture.

The Uniform Crime Reports. The National Crime Victimization Survey. Comparisons of the UCR and the NCVs. Special Categories of Crime. 3. Criminal Law.

The Nature and Purpose of the Law. The Rule of the Law. Types of Law. General Categories of Crime. General Features of Crime. Elements of a Specific Criminal Offense. Types of Defenses to a Criminal Charge.

II. POLICING. 4. Police Organization and Management.

Federal Law Enforcement Agencies. State-Level Agencies. Local Agencies. Police Administration. Police Departments as Learning Organizations. Discretion and the Individual Officer. 5. Policing: Legal Aspects.

The Abuse of Police Power. Individual Rights. Search and Seizure. Arrest. The Intelligence Function. 6. Issues in Policing.

Police Personality and Culture. Corruption and Integrity. The Dangers of Police Work. Police Civil Liability. Racial Profiling. Police Use of Force. Professionalism and Ethics. Ethnic and Gender Diversity inPolicing. Private Protective Services.

III. ADJUDICATION. 7. The Courts.

American Court History. Pretrial Activities. 8. The Courtroom Work Group and the Criminal Trial.

The Courtroom Work Group: Professional Courtroom Actors. Outsiders: Nonprofessional Courtroom Participants. The Criminal Trial. Improving the Adjudication Process. 9. Sentencing.

The Philosophy and Goals of Criminal Sentencing. Indeterminate Sentencing. Structured Sentencing. Truth in Sentencing. Federal Sentencing Guidelines. Innovations in Sentencing. The Sentencing Environment. The Victim - Forgotten No Longer. Traditional Sentencing Options.

IV. CORRECTIONS. 10. Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections.

What Is Probation? What Is Parole? Probation and Parole: The Pluses and Minuses. The Legal Environment. The Federal Probation System. The Job of Probation and Parole Officers. Intermediate Sanctions. The Future of Probation and Parole. 11. Prisons and Jails.

Prisons Today. Recent Improvements. Jails. Private Prisons. 12. Prison Life.

The Male Inmate's World. The Female Inmate's World. The Staff World. Prison Riots. Prisoner's Rights. Issues Facing Prisons Today. Appendix I: The Bill of Rights.
Appendix II: List of Acronyms.
Index.

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Preface

Criminal justice is a dynamic and fluid field of study. Ever changing crime statistics, newsworthy events involving American law enforcement, precedent-setting U.S. Supreme Court decisions, and rapidly breaking innovations in correctional practice all challenge instructors and students alike to keep pace with a field undergoing constant modification.

As the floodgates to the twenty-first century open wider, and accelerated change engulfs American society, it is appropriate that a streamlined and up-to-date book such as this should be in the hands of students. The information age and all that it has wrought is here, and the quick dissemination of information has become a vital part of contemporary life.

Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction results from the realization that today's justice students need to have the latest quality information available to them in a concise and affordable source. The paperback format of this book has made it possible to quickly translate the latest happenings in the justice field into a pragmatic textbook that is both inexpensive and easy to read.

Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction focuses directly on the crime picture in America and the three traditional elements of the criminal justice system: police, courts, and corrections. The text is enhanced by the addition of career boxes that can assist today's pragmatically minded students in making appropriate career choices. Colorful photographs, charts, graphs, and other visual aids help keep student attention and add variety to the text. Twenty-First Century Criminal Justice boxes, which are placed strategically throughout the book, draw attention to the manyexciting possibilities facing the justice system as it realizes the possibilities held out by the new millennium. Crime in the News! stories, an added feature in this edition, bring a true-to-life dimension to the text, and allow insight into the everyday workings of the justice system.

As the author of numerous books on criminal justice, I have often been amazed at how the end result of the justice process is sometimes barely recognizable to anyone involved in the process as justice in any practical sense of the word. It is my sincere hope that the technological and publishing revolutions that have contributed to this book will combine with a growing social awareness to facilitate needed changes in our system; and that that will help supplant what have at times appeared as self-serving, system-perpetuated injustices with new standards of equity, compassion, understanding, fairness, and heartfelt justice for all.

Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D.
Director, The Justice Research Association
and Professor Emeritus
The University of North Carolina at Pembroke
April 2001

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 9, 2014

    Brittany

    This is my future..lol i want to earn my Criminal Justice Degree to become an F.B.I Agent....!!

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