Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century / Edition 6

Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century / Edition 6

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by Frank Schmalleger

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ISBN-10: 0130851485

ISBN-13: 9780130851482

Pub. Date: 06/16/2000

Publisher: Pearson

  • WebExtras! These hyperlinks, build right into the text, take students to crime and justice-related Web sites. Interspersed throughout every chapter, WebExtras! Include the FBI's home page, a virtual tour of the U.S. Supreme Court, an in-depth history of the Columbine High School shooting, and much more!
  • Library Extras! These end-of-chapter Web-based


  • WebExtras! These hyperlinks, build right into the text, take students to crime and justice-related Web sites. Interspersed throughout every chapter, WebExtras! Include the FBI's home page, a virtual tour of the U.S. Supreme Court, an in-depth history of the Columbine High School shooting, and much more!
  • Library Extras! These end-of-chapter Web-based "additional readings" lead students to 100 Web-documents that expand on materials and concepts found in the text.
  • Web Quests! Found at the end of each chapter, these fascinating Web-based assignments are designed to teach students how to use the Internet to research topics and to find information in the criminal justice area.
  • Author Audio Introductions These chapter-specific audio introductions have been recorded by the author to provide additional insight into the workings of the justice system.

In the sixth edition, Criminal Justice Today's rock-solid academic foundation has been combined with the latest in innovative instructional technology to create a learning package that fulfills the promise of making this book "The Introductory Textbook for the Twenty First Century."

Available supplements include:

  • Student Study Guide
  • WebCT and Blackboard courses
  • State specific supplements for New York, California, Texas, Illinois, and Florida

Product Details

Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
8.69(w) x 11.21(h) x 1.43(d)

Table of Contents

(NOTE: Each chapter begins with an Introduction and concludes with a Summary, Discussion Questions, Web Quests, and Library Extras.)


1. What Is Criminal Justice?
Crime in the Last Half Century. The Themes of This Book. Social Justice. American Criminal Justice: The System. American Criminal Justice: The Process. Due Process and Individual Rights. Criminal Justice and Criminology. Technology Center. Multiculturalism and Diversity in Criminal Justice. Justice System. Things to Come: An Overview of this Book.

2. The Crime Picture.
The Uniform Crime Reports. The National Crime Victimization Survey. Guns, Crime, and Gun Control. Emerging Patterns of Criminal Activity. The Economic Cost of Crime.

3. The Search for Causes.
Criminological Theory. The Classical School. Biological Theories. Psychobiological Theories. Psychological Theories. Sociological Theories. Social-Psychological Theories. Conflict Theories. The Phenomenological School. Emergent Theories.

4. Criminal Law.
The Development of Law. The Rule of Law. Purposes of the Law. Types of Law. General Categories of Crime. General Features of Crime. Elements of a Specific Criminal Offense. Types of Defenses to a Criminal Charge.


5. Policing: History and Structure.
HistoricalDevelopment of the Police. American Law Enforcement Today: From the Federal to the Local Level. Private Protective Services.

6. Police Management.
Police Administration. Discretion and the Individual Officer. Issues and Challenges in Contemporary Policing. Ethics and Gender Diversity in Policing.

7. Policing Legal Aspects.
The Abuse of Police Power. Individual Rights. Search and Seizure. Arrest. Offenses. The Intelligence Function. Gathering Special Kinds of Non-testimonial Evidence.


8. The Courts.
American Court History. Pretrial Activities. CJ Today Exhibit 8-1: Non-judicial Pretrial Release Decisions.

9. The Courtroom Work Group and the Criminal Trial.
The Courtroom Work Group: Professional Courtroom Actors. Outsiders: Nonprofessional Courtroom Participants. The Criminal Trial. Improving the Adjudication Process.

10. Sentencing.
The Philosophy and Goals of Criminal Sentencing. Indeterminate Sentencing. Structured Sentencing. Mandatory Sentencing. Truth in Sentencing. Federal Sentencing Guidelines. Innovations in Sentencing. The Sentencing Environment. The Presentence Investigation Report. The Victim—Forgotten No Longer. Traditional Sentencing Options.


11. Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections.
What Is Probation? What Is Parole? Probation and Parole: The Pluses and Minuses. The Legal Environment. The Federal Probation System. The Job of Probation and Parole Officers. Intermediate Sanctions. The Future of Probation and Parole. CJ Today Exhibit Futures: Probation Kiosks: High-tech Supervision.

12. Prisons and Jails.
Early Punishments. The Emergence of Prisons. Prisons Today. Jails. Private Prisons.

13. Prison Life.
Research on Prison Life-Total Institutions. The Male Inmate's World. The Female Inmate's World. The Staff World. Prison Riots. Prisoners' Rights. Issues Facing Prisons Today.


14. Juvenile Justice.
Juvenile Justice throughout History. The Problems of Children Today. The Legal Environment. The Juvenile Justice Process Today. What Would You Do? The Post-Juvenile Court Era.

15. Drugs and Crime.
Drug Abuse: More Than an Individual Choice. What Is a Drug? A History of Drug Abuse in America. Anti-drug Legislation. The Most Common Drugs...and Who Is Using them. Drugs, Crime, and Social Problems. Narco-terrorism. Solving the Drug Problem.

16. Multinational Criminal Justice.
The International Perspective. The Chinese Justice System. Islamic Criminal Justice. Criminal Justice in England and Wales. International Criminal Justice Organizations.

17. The Future of Criminal Justice.
Technology and Criminal Justice. Terrorism. Controlling Terrorism. Technology and Individual Rights.

Bill of Rights.
List of Acronyms.
Case Index.
Name Index.
Subject Index.

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Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This was a book I had to use for a criminal justice course I was taking. Any more you can ask someone a question about a trail going on in their town or nationally and all of a sudden you have a 30 minute conversation about what should happen to the individual and also what the defense position should be and how the prosecutor should approach the trial. There are also all types of shows on television that give individuals a perception of how the legal system works. Sadly this is television where shows are made for entertainment and not how the legal system really works. With the ever changing legal system and challenges to law enforcement officials this book definitely helps understand the legal system, and challenges in and outside the legal system. It also helps you understand that the criminal justice system and ways to fight crime is not a science and there is not necessarily a formula that will work in all parts of the country. What may work in inner cities may not work in rural areas. The foundations are the same however the structure built on the foundation will differ. This book starts out by providing the reader with Crime in America. It explores a brief history of crime in America and then takes a look at criminal justice system and its functions. Understanding how the system works and is structured will give an individual more insight as to why things happen during trials. It will open your eyes as to what is reality versus what we perceive. You will also look at the various theories associated with criminal behavior and help you understand what agencies are doing to face and fight criminal behavior. Part two looks at policing, its history and structure, purpose and organization, legal aspects and the issues and challenges of policing. Part three takes one through adjudication. It looks atthe courts; structure and participants, pretrial activities and the criminal trial, and sentencing. Part four looks at corrections dealing with probation, parole, and community corrections. It provides information on prisons, jails and looks at prison life for those incarcerated. Part five looks at special issues. It covers juvenile justice and most find this area very interesting because juvenile crimes continue to grow especially those involving violent crimes. The chapter also covers drugs and crime, terrorism and multinational criminal justice, and the future of criminal justice. This book was full of helpful information. It dispels a lot of myths about what one thinks they know about the legal system and shows them what it is really like. Television provides one with what is called “The CSI Effect.” The CSI effect, also known as the CSI syndrome and the CSI infection, is any of several ways in which the exaggerated portrayal of forensic science on crime television shows such as CSI: Crime Scene Investigation influences public perception. The term most often refers to the belief that jurors have come to demand more forensic evidence in criminal trials, thereby raising the effective standard of proof for prosecutors. While this belief is widely held among American legal professionals, some studies have suggested that crime shows are unlikely to cause such an effect, although frequent CSI viewers may place a lower value on circumstantial evidence. As technology improves and becomes more prevalent throughout society, people may also develop higher expectations for the capab