Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century / Edition 13

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Overview

THE bestselling four-color book/multimedia package in the field, this introduction to criminal justice provides a realistic description of the American criminal justice system and how it works—police, courts, and corrections. Using a three-pronged thematic approach, it provides an intricately woven picture of contemporary American criminal justice, assumes a forward-looking perspective that recognizes the importance of individual rights, social order, multiculturalism, and high-technology as they affect the day-to-day practice of criminal justice, and gives serious emphasis to terrorism as a crime. Incorporates the most authoritative, reliable, and current information, statistics, and court cases, and provides citations to online criminal justice mega-sources that are constantly updated. Features a variety of issues-oriented, career, and "the future" boxes throughout. An accompanying simulations CD features real-life scenarios based on actual U.S. Supreme Court cases that enable readers to put themselves in the role(s) of police officer, judge, probation officer, legislator, and corrections official. What Is Criminal Justice? The Crime Picture. The Search for Causes. Criminal Law. Policing: History and Structure. Police Management. Policing: Legal Aspects. The Courts. The Courtroom Work Group and the Criminal Trial. Sentencing. Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections. Prisons and Jails. Prison Life. Juvenile Justice. Drugs and Crime. Multinational Criminal Justice. The Future of Criminal Justice. For those in law enforcement, the court system, corrections, juvenile delinquency, probation, parole, and private security.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A textbook for a first college course, focusing on innovations and potentials in the field rather than its traditions and conventional practice. Covers crime in America, policing, adjudication, corrections, and special issues such as juvenile delinquency and drugs. Updated every two years since the 1991 first edition with new information and ideas and the latest examples. Colorfully illustrated throughout. Software with simulations is available to accompany the course, and a Web site provides students and instructors with current data. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780133460049
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 1/17/2014
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 13
  • Pages: 720
  • Sales rank: 435
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D., is Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. He holds degrees from the University of Notre Dame and Ohio State University, having earned both a master’s (1970) and a doctorate in sociology (1974) from Ohio State University with a special emphasis in criminology. From 1976 to 1994, he taught criminology and criminal justice courses at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. For the last 16 of those years, he chaired the university’s Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice. The university named him Distinguished Professor in 1991.

Schmalleger is also the Director of the Justice Research Association, a private consulting firm and think tank focusing on issues of crime and justice. The Justice Research Association (JRA) serves the needs of the nation’s civil and criminal justice planners and administrators through workshops, conferences, and grant-writing and program-evaluation support. JRA also sponsors the Criminal Justice Distance Learning Consortium, which resides on the Web at http://www.cjdlc.org.

Schmalleger has taught in the online graduate program of the New School for Social Research, helping to build the world’s first electronic classrooms in support of distance learning through computer telecommunications. As an adjunct professor with Webster University in St. Louis, Missouri, Schmalleger helped develop the university’s graduate program in security administration and loss prevention. He taught courses in that curriculum for more than a decade. An avid Web user and Website builder, Schmalleger is also the creator of a number of award-winning World Wide Web sites, including one that supports this textbook (http://www.cjtoday.com).

Frank Schmalleger is the author of numerous articles and more than 30 books, including the widely used Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction (Pearson, 2012), Criminology Today (Pearson, 2012), and Criminal Law Today (Pearson, 2010).

Schmalleger is also founding editor of the journal Criminal Justice Studies. He has served as editor for the Prentice Hall series Criminal Justice in the Twenty-First Century and as imprint adviser for Greenwood Publishing Group’s criminal justice reference series.

Schmalleger’s philosophy of both teaching and writing can be summed up in these words: “In order to communicate knowledge we must first catch, then hold, a person’s interest—be it student, colleague, or policymaker. Our writing, our speaking, and our teaching must be relevant to the problems facing people today, and they must in some way help solve those problems.” Visit the author’s website at http://www.schmalleger.com.

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Table of Contents

1. What Is Criminal Justice?
Justice and Criminal Justice. American Criminal Justice: The System. American Criminal Justice: The Process. Due Process and Individual Rights. Criminal Justice and Criminology. Things to Come: An Overview of This Book.

2. The Crime Picture.
Introduction: Sources of Data. The Uniform Crime Reports. The National Crime Victimization Survey. Emerging Patterns of Criminal Activity.

3. The Search for Causes.
Why Is There Crime? Criminological Theory. The Classical School. Biological Theories. Psychobiological Theories. Psychological Theories. Sociological Theories. Social-Psychological Theories. Conflict Theories. The Phenomenological School. Emergent Theories.

4. Criminal Law.
Sources of Modern Criminal Law. The Development of Law. The Rule of Law. Purposes of the Law. Types of Law. General Categories of Crime. General Features of Crime. Elements of a Specific Criminal Offense. Types of Defenses to a Criminal Charge.

5. Policing: History and Structure.
Historical Development of the Police. American Law Enforcement Today: From the Federal to the Local Level. Private Protective Services.

6. Police Management.
Contemporary Policing: The Administrative Perspective. Contemporary Policing: The Individual Officer. Contemporary Policing: Issues and Challenges. Professionalism and Ethics.

7.Policing: Legal Aspects.
The Abuse of Police Power. Search and Seizure. Arrest. The Intelligence Function.

8. The Courts.
Introduction. American Court History. Pretrial Activities.

9. The Courtroom Work Group and the Criminal Trial.
Introduction. The Courtroom Work Group: Professional Courtroom Actors. Outsiders: Professional Courtroom Participants. The Criminal Trial. Improving the Adjudication Process.

10. Sentencing.
Crime and Punishment: Introduction. The Philosophy of Criminal Sentencing. Indeterminate Sentencing. The Rise of Structured Sentencing. Mandatory Sentencing. Truth in Sentencing. Federal Sentencing Guidelines. The Sentencing Environment. The Presentence Investigation Report. The Victim—Forgotten No Longer. Traditional Sentencing Options.

11. Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections.
Introduction to Community Corrections. What Is Probation? What Is Parole? Probation and Parole: The Pluses and Minuses. The Legal Environment. The Federal Probation System. The Job of Probation and Parole Officers. Intermediate Sanctions. The Future of Probation and Parole.

12. Prisons and Jails.
Early Punishments. The Emergence of Prisons. Prisons Today. Jails. Private Prisons.

13. Prison Life.
Realities of Prison Life: The Male Inmate's World. Realities of Prison Life: The Staff World. Prison Riots. Realities of Prison Life: Women in Prison. Prisoners' Rights. Issues Facing Prisons Today.

14. Juvenile Justice.
Introduction. Juvenile Justice throughout History. The Problems of Children Today. Significant Court Decisions Affecting Juveniles. The Juvenile Justice Process Today.

15. Drugs and Crime.
The Drug Problem and the Criminal Justice System. A History of Drug Abuse in America. What Are Drugs—And Who Is Using Them? Drugs, Crime, and Social Problems. Solving the Drug Problem.

16. Multinational Criminal Justice.
The International Perspective. The Chinese Justice System. Islamic Criminal Justice. Criminal Justice in England and Wales. International Criminal Justice Organizations.

17. The Future of Criminal Justice.
Introduction. Technology and Criminal Justice. Terrorism. Technology and Individual Rights.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 14, 2012

    Outstanding Source of Factual Information

    This was a book I had to use for a criminal justice course I was taking. Any more you can ask someone a question about a trail going on in their town or nationally and all of a sudden you have a 30 minute conversation about what should happen to the individual and also what the defense position should be and how the prosecutor should approach the trial. There are also all types of shows on television that give individuals a perception of how the legal system works. Sadly this is television where shows are made for entertainment and not how the legal system really works. With the ever changing legal system and challenges to law enforcement officials this book definitely helps understand the legal system, and challenges in and outside the legal system. It also helps you understand that the criminal justice system and ways to fight crime is not a science and there is not necessarily a formula that will work in all parts of the country. What may work in inner cities may not work in rural areas. The foundations are the same however the structure built on the foundation will differ.
    This book starts out by providing the reader with Crime in America. It explores a brief history of crime in America and then takes a look at criminal justice system and its functions. Understanding how the system works and is structured will give an individual more insight as to why things happen during trials. It will open your eyes as to what is reality versus what we perceive. You will also look at the various theories associated with criminal behavior and help you understand what agencies are doing to face and fight criminal behavior.
    Part two looks at policing, its history and structure, purpose and organization, legal aspects and the issues and challenges of policing. Part three takes one through adjudication. It looks atthe courts; structure and participants, pretrial activities and the criminal trial, and sentencing. Part four looks at corrections dealing with probation, parole, and community corrections. It provides information on prisons, jails and looks at prison life for those incarcerated. Part five looks at special issues. It covers juvenile justice and most find this area very interesting because juvenile crimes continue to grow especially those involving violent crimes. The chapter also covers drugs and crime, terrorism and multinational criminal justice, and the future of criminal justice.
    This book was full of helpful information. It dispels a lot of myths about what one thinks they know about the legal system and shows them what it is really like. Television provides one with what is called “The CSI Effect.” The CSI effect, also known as the CSI syndrome and the CSI infection, is any of several ways in which the exaggerated portrayal of forensic science on crime television shows such as CSI: Crime Scene Investigation influences public perception. The term most often refers to the belief that jurors have come to demand more forensic evidence in criminal trials, thereby raising the effective standard of proof for prosecutors. While this belief is widely held among American legal professionals, some studies have suggested that crime shows are unlikely to cause such an effect, although frequent CSI viewers may place a lower value on circumstantial evidence. As technology improves and becomes more prevalent throughout society, people may also develop higher expectations for the capab

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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