Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science / Edition 1

Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science / Edition 1

2.7 10
by Richard Saferstein
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0131961438

ISBN-13: 9780131961432

Pub. Date: 02/28/2007

Publisher: Pearson

The application of science to criminal investigation is described in a style that is easily comprehensible, even to the reader with no background or skills in science. Through actual case histories and with the aid of over 200 illustrations, the reader will explore how forensic science impacted on the "crimes of the century"—the Lindbergh kidnapping and the

Overview

The application of science to criminal investigation is described in a style that is easily comprehensible, even to the reader with no background or skills in science. Through actual case histories and with the aid of over 200 illustrations, the reader will explore how forensic science impacted on the "crimes of the century"—the Lindbergh kidnapping and the Simpson criminal investigation—as well as other noted criminal cases.

Criminalistics focuses its attention on the up-to-date technologies police rely on to apprehend criminal perpetrators and to link them through trace evidence to crime scenes. The new edition emphasizes the latest DNA profiling technologies, which include STR and mitochondrial DNA. This book details how the creation of a new, nationwide DNA data bank has been designed to apprehend the mobile criminal. Today, the ability to detect less than one billionth of a gram of DNA means that forensic scientists can extract critical information at crime scenes from stamps and envelopes licked with saliva; a cup or can that has come in contact with a person's lips; chewing gum; the sweat bank of a hat; or a bedsheet containing an individual's skin cells.

As forensic science enters the new millennium, the impact of the digital revolution has led to the development of data banks for fingerprints, fired bullets, hair, paint, and shoeprints. This updated revision of Criminalistics emphasizes the new high-tech advances being made in crime scene investigation, as well as in arson and explosion investigation. A major portion of the text is devoted to how common items of physical evidence are located at crime scenes, processedin the crime lab, and preserved for presentation in the courtroom.

Like all facets of modern life, forensic science has been touched by the Internet. This new edition introduced the reader to basic concepts of Internet use and encourages exploration of the latest Web sites particularly relevant to forensic science and criminal investigation.

In addition to this book's comprehensive coverage of forensic science, a newly revised laboratory manual has been separately designed to supplement this edition.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780131961432
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
02/28/2007
Edition description:
Lab Manual
Pages:
592
Product dimensions:
8.10(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.30(d)

Table of Contents

(Note: Each Chapter includes Review Questions and Further References. Chapters 1, 2, 3, 7, and 13 also include Case Readings.)
1. Introduction.
Definition and Scope of Forensic Science. History and Development of Forensic Science. The Organization of a Crime Laboratory. Services of the Crime Laboratory. The Functions of the Forensic Scientist. Other Forensic Science Services.

2. The Crime Scene.
Processing the Crime Scene. Legal Considerations at the Crime Scene.

3. Physical Evidence.
Common Types of Physical Evidence. The Significance of Physical Evidence.

4. Physical Properties: Glass and Soil.
The Metric System. Physical Properties. Comparing Glass Fragments. Glass Fractures. Collection and Preservation of Glass Evidence. Forensic Characteristics of Soil. Collection and Preservation of Soil Evidence.

5. Organic Analysis.
Elements and Compounds. Selecting an Analytical Technique. Chromatography. Spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry (MS).

6. Inorganic Analysis.
Evidence in the Assassination of President Kennedy. The Emission Spectrum of Elements. Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. The Origin of Emission and Absorption Spectra. Neutron Activation Analysis. X-Ray Diffraction.

7. The Microscope.
The Compound Microscope. The Comparison Microscope. The Stereoscopic Microscope. The Polarizing Microscope. The Microspectrophotometer. The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM).

8. Hairs, Fibers, and Paint.
Morphology of Hair. Identification and Comparison of Hair. Collection of Hair Evidence. Types of Fibers. Identification and Comparison of Man-Made Fibers. Collection of Fiber Evidence. Forensic Examination of Paint.Collection and Preservation of Paint Evidence.

9. Drugs.
Drug Dependence. Narcotic Drugs. Hallucinogens. Depressants. Stimulants. Club Drugs. Anabolic Steroids. Drug-Control Laws. Drug Identification. Collection and Preservation of Drug Evidence.

10. Forensic Toxicology.
Toxicology of Alcohol. The Role of the Toxicologist. Techniques Used in Toxicology. The Significance of Toxicological Findings. The Drug Recognition Expert.

11. Forensic Aspects of Arson and Explosion Investigations.
The Chemistry of Fire. Searching the Fire Scene. Collection and Preservation of Arson Evidence. Analysis of Flammable Residues. Types of Explosives. Collection and Analysis of Explosives.

12. Forensic Serology.
The Nature of Blood. Forensic Characterization of Bloodstains. Stain Patterns of Blood. Principles of Heredity. Forensic Characterization of Semen. Collection of Rape Evidence.

13. DNA: The Indispensable Forensic Science Tool.
What Is DNA? DNA at Work. Replication of DNA. Recombinant DNA: Cutting and Splicing DNA. DNA Typing. Mitochondria DNA. The Combined DNA Index System. The Collection and Preservation of Biological Evidence for DNA Analysis.

14. Fingerprints.
History of Fingerprinting. Fundamental Principles of Fingerprints. Classification of Fingerprints. Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems. Methods of Detecting Fingerprints. Preservation of Developed Prints. Digital Imaging for Fingerprint Enhancement.

15. Firearms, Tool Marks, and Other Impressions.
Bullet Comparisons. Cartridge Cases. Automated Firearm Search Systems. Gunpowder Residues. Primer Residues on the Hands. Serial Number Restoration. Collection and Preservation of Firearm Evidence. Tool Marks. Other Impressions.

16. Document and Voice Examination.
Handwriting Comparisons. Collection of Handwriting Exemplars. Typewriting Comparisons. Photocopier, Printer, and Fax Examination. Alterations, Erasures, and Obliterations. Other Document Problems. Voice Examination.

17. Forensic Science on the Internet.
What Is the Internet? Where to Go on the Internet. Exploring Forensic Science on the WWW. Websites You May Wish to Explore.

18. The Future.
Case Readings.
Appendices.
Guides to the Collection of Physical Evidence--FBI. Instructions for Collecting Gunshot Residue (GSR). FBI Policy for Submitting DNA Evidence. Chromatographic and Spectrophotometric Parameters for Figures Contained within the Text. Chemical Formulas for Latent Fingerprint Development. Chemical Formulas for Development of Footwear Impressions in Blood.

Answers.
Index.

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Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science 2.7 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 10 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Did NOT supply access code in order to use the new online "MYCRIMEKIT" that is supposed to COME WITH the latest edition of this book. My book came with the new chapters it was supposed to come with, but not the website access it was supposed to. Argued with customer service who insisted that it would have stated that the book came with the access code if it was meant to come with the book. uh-huh. I won't be purchasing texts from Barnes and Nobles anymore. Amazon is at least admitting there is an access code issue with the same text. Go Amazon!!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
The item received was exactly as described. Shipping was fast. No problems with any part of the order. I would order from this seller again.
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