Criminals in the Making: Criminality Across the Life Course

Criminals in the Making: Criminality Across the Life Course

by John Paul Wright, Stephen G. Tibbetts, Leah E. Daigle
     
 

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ISBN-10: 141295519X

ISBN-13: 9781412955195

Pub. Date: 05/16/2008

Publisher: SAGE Publications

Congratulations to Steve Tibbetts, winner of the Outstanding Professional Development Award at CSU-San Bernadino!

"This book is interesting, informative, comprehensive, and—more importantly for students of criminology—accessible." —Robert Apel, University at Albany

"Without doubt, Criminals in the Making will spark debate, incite

Overview

Congratulations to Steve Tibbetts, winner of the Outstanding Professional Development Award at CSU-San Bernadino!

"This book is interesting, informative, comprehensive, and—more importantly for students of criminology—accessible." —Robert Apel, University at Albany

"Without doubt, Criminals in the Making will spark debate, incite controversy and challenge mainstream criminological understanding. "—THEORETICAL CRIMINOLOGY

Why do individuals exposed to the same environment turn out so differently, with some engaging in crime and others abiding by societal rules and norms? Why are males involved in violent crime more often than females? And why do the precursors of serious pathological behavior typically emerge in childhood?

The authors of this text address key questions surrounding criminal propensity by discussing studies of the life-course perspective—criminological research linking biological factors associated with criminality and social environmental agents thought to cause, facilitate, or otherwise influence one's tendency towards criminal activity. The text offers a comprehensive, interdisciplinary understanding of the current thinking in the field about criminal behavior over the course of a lifetime and ends on a positive note, highlighting interventions proven effective and illustrating how the life-course perspective has contributed to a greater understanding of the causes of crime.

Key Features and Benefits

  • Includes a recurring boxed feature on the thief 'Stanley,' adapted from Clifford Shaw's classic case study that was published in a well-known book entitled "The Jack-Roller: A Delinquent Boy's Own Story" to clarify the life-course concept
  • Provides numerous helpful illustrations of the brain and nervous system to illustrate biological concepts,
  • Addresses interesting issues such as the impact of lead on brain development and the limits of parental influences in boxed inserts throughout the book
  • Features policy recommendations and initiatives for the prevention of crime in the concluding chapter to spark classroom discussion and guide future student research
Intended Audience:
Designed for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in criminal justice and criminology, sociology, and psychology programs, this groundbreaking supplement provides novel insights into criminal pathology for courses such as Criminological Theory and Introduction to Criminology.

"I think this is going to be an important book, one that generates discussion and maybe even motivates criminology to become more scientific. This book will force people to reassess their understanding of crime and see how many known facts of crime are illusory once biological concepts are considered. "
—Matt De Lisi,Iowa State University

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781412955195
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Publication date:
05/16/2008
Pages:
328
Product dimensions:
7.10(w) x 10.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
1. Life Course Criminology
Life Course Criminology
Origins of Life Course Criminology
The Criminal Career Approach
What Is Life Course Criminology?
Concepts and Issues in Life Course Criminology
Life Course Theories of Criminal Behavior
Theories of Stability and Change
Developmental Trajectories and Typologies of Offenders
Life Course Criminality
2. The Stability of Criminal and Analogous Behavior
What Do We Mean by the Stability of Criminal Behavior?
How Is the Stability of Criminal Behavior Measured?
Issues Related to the Measurement of Stability
Empirical Findings on Stability
Review of the Stability of Problem Behavior
Conclusion
3. Continuity in Antisocial Potential
Continuity
Heterotypic, Homotypic, and Cumulative Continuity
State Dependence and Population Heterogeneity
Sources of Continuity
Genetic Continuity
Person-Environment Interactions
Conclusion
4. Genetics and Crime
Early Biological Explanations
Biological Rejection
The New Study of Biology and Behavior
The Behavioral Genetic Study of Criminality
Conclusion
5. Introduction to Brain Structure and Basic Functions: Part I: The Hindbrain, Midbrain, and Limbic Structures in the Development of Criminality
Brain Development and Structure
Conclusion
6. Introduction to Brain Structure and Basic Functions: Part II: Forebrain Formation, Trauma, and Criminal Behavior
Forebrain: Cortical Region
Conclusion
7. Concepts and Issues in Neuropsychological Functioning
Basic Structure and Functioning of Our Nervous System
Nervous System Functioning and Criminality
Hormones and Their Effect on Physiology and Behavior
Integrating Concepts of Physiology and Environment
Conclusion
8. Gender Differences in Brain Processes and Laterality
Gender Differences in Hemispheric Lateralization
The Influence of Androgens (Male Hormones)
A Developmental Theory for Gender Differences in Criminality
Conclusion
9. Individuals and Their Social World
There Is Variation Left Unexplained by Genetic Influences
Brain Plasticity Is Environmentally Influenced
The Correlation and Interaction Between Genes and the Environment
Developmental Risk Factors
Effects of Alchohol and Drugs on Fetal Development
Prenatal Exposure to Nicotine
Biosocial Issues in Development
Activity of Nervous System: Sensation Seeking
Deficits in Neuropsychological Functioning
Inidividuals in Their Environment
10. Prepubescence: Infancy and Childhood
What Do We Mean by Problem Behavior in Infancy and Childhood?
The Prevalence and Frequency of Problem Behavior in Infancy and Childhood
Continuity in Problem Behaviors Over Time
11. Postpubescence: Adolescence and Adulthood
What Is Adolescence, and Why Did We Include Adulthood?
Sexual Maturation and Human Development
The Effects of Sexual Maturation
Adolescent Development
Adult Criminals
12. Policy Recommendations
Contextual Factors
Prior to Birth
At Birth
After Birth
Child Development
Adolescence
Adulthood
Caveats
Closing Thoughts
Index
About the Authors

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