Criminals in the Making: Criminality Across the Life Course

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Overview

Congratulations to Steve Tibbetts, winner of the Outstanding Professional Development Award at CSU-San Bernadino!

“This book is interesting, informative, comprehensive, and—more importantly for students of criminology—accessible.” —Robert Apel, University at Albany

"Without doubt, Criminals in the Making will spark debate, incite controversy and challenge mainstream criminological understanding. "—THEORETICAL CRIMINOLOGY

Why do individuals exposed to the same environment turn out so differently, with some engaging in crime and others abiding by societal rules and norms? Why are males involved in violent crime more often than females? And why do the precursors of serious pathological behavior typically emerge in childhood?

The authors of this text address key questions surrounding criminal propensity by discussing studies of the life-course perspective—criminological research linking biological factors associated with criminality and social environmental agents thought to cause, facilitate, or otherwise influence one’s tendency towards criminal activity. The text offers a comprehensive, interdisciplinary understanding of the current thinking in the field about criminal behavior over the course of a lifetime and ends on a positive note, highlighting interventions proven effective and illustrating how the life-course perspective has contributed to a greater understanding of the causes of crime.

Key Features and Benefits

  • Includes a recurring boxed feature on the thief ‘Stanley,’ adapted from Clifford Shaw’s classic case study that was published in a well-known book entitled “The Jack-Roller: A Delinquent Boy’s Own Story” to clarify the life-course concept
  • Provides numerous helpful illustrations of the brain and nervous system to illustrate biological concepts,
  • Addresses interesting issues such as the impact of lead on brain development and the limits of parental influences in boxed inserts throughout the book
  • Features policy recommendations and initiatives for the prevention of crime in the concluding chapter to spark classroom discussion and guide future student research
Intended Audience:
Designed for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in criminal justice and criminology, sociology, and psychology programs, this groundbreaking supplement provides novel insights into criminal pathology for courses such as Criminological Theory and Introduction to Criminology.

“I think this is going to be an important book, one that generates discussion and maybe even motivates criminology to become more scientific. This book will force people to reassess their understanding of crime and see how many known facts of crime are illusory once biological concepts are considered.”
—Matt De Lisi,Iowa State University

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Editorial Reviews

Kevin M. Beaver
"Without doubt, Criminals in the Making will spark debate, incite controversy and challenge mainstream criminological understanding."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412955195
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 5/16/2008
  • Pages: 328
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

John Paul Wright is Professor of Criminal Justice in the Division of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati and is Distinguished Adjunct Professor at King Abdulaziz University, Jedda, Saudia Arabia. Dr. Wright was rated as the most productive associate professor in criminology and was recently evaluated as one of the most cited criminologists in the United States. He earned his undergraduate degrees in criminology from Indiana State University and his Ph.D. from the University of Cincinnati. He has published over 130 scholarly articles in criminology, psychology, behavioral genetics, and molecular genetics journals and is a frequent lecturer to professional organizations interested in the development of serious, violent offending. The winner of four teaching awards, he teaches in the area of life-course development and biosocial criminology.

Stephen G. Tibbetts, currently a Professor at California State University, San Bernardino, has been pursuing an understanding of criminal offending for over the past two decades. He has attempted to discover the extent to which individuals’ inherent dispositions and attitudinal traits contribute to their offending decisions, especially in relation to other factors, such as demographic, developmental, and situational factors. Dr. Tibbetts’ research has included work on the differences between men and women in their decisions to commit deviant behavior, as well as their perceptions of risk and consequences of getting caught. His additional research interests include the effects of perinatal disorders as an influence in future criminality, the etiology of white-collar crime, and gang intervention. Dr. Tibbetts has published nine books and more than 50 scholarly papers examining various issues in criminology. He received the 2011 Outstanding Professor Award at CSU, San Bernardino. He previously worked extensively as an Officer of the Court in providing recommendations for dispositions of numerous juvenile court cases from 1997 to 2008.

Leah E. Daigle is Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Georgia State University. She received her Ph.D. in Criminal Justice from the University of Cincinnati in 2005. Her most recent research has centered on repeat sexual victimization of college women and the responses that women use during and after being sexually victimized. Her other research interests include the development and continuation of offending over time and gender differences in the antecedents to and consequences of criminal victimization and participation across the life-course. She is co-author of Criminals in the Making: Criminality Across the Life Course and has published numerous peer-reviewed articles that have appeared in Justice Quarterly; Journal of Quantitative Criminology; Victims and Offenders; and the Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

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Table of Contents

Introduction
1. Life Course Criminology
Life Course Criminology
Origins of Life Course Criminology
The Criminal Career Approach
What Is Life Course Criminology?
Concepts and Issues in Life Course Criminology
Life Course Theories of Criminal Behavior
Theories of Stability and Change
Developmental Trajectories and Typologies of Offenders
Life Course Criminality
2. The Stability of Criminal and Analogous Behavior
What Do We Mean by the Stability of Criminal Behavior?
How Is the Stability of Criminal Behavior Measured?
Issues Related to the Measurement of Stability
Empirical Findings on Stability
Review of the Stability of Problem Behavior
Conclusion
3. Continuity in Antisocial Potential
Continuity
Heterotypic, Homotypic, and Cumulative Continuity
State Dependence and Population Heterogeneity
Sources of Continuity
Genetic Continuity
Person-Environment Interactions
Conclusion
4. Genetics and Crime
Early Biological Explanations
Biological Rejection
The New Study of Biology and Behavior
The Behavioral Genetic Study of Criminality
Conclusion
5. Introduction to Brain Structure and Basic Functions: Part I: The Hindbrain, Midbrain, and Limbic Structures in the Development of Criminality
Brain Development and Structure
Conclusion
6. Introduction to Brain Structure and Basic Functions: Part II: Forebrain Formation, Trauma, and Criminal Behavior
Forebrain: Cortical Region
Conclusion
7. Concepts and Issues in Neuropsychological Functioning
Basic Structure and Functioning of Our Nervous System
Nervous System Functioning and Criminality
Hormones and Their Effect on Physiology and Behavior
Integrating Concepts of Physiology and Environment
Conclusion
8. Gender Differences in Brain Processes and Laterality
Gender Differences in Hemispheric Lateralization
The Influence of Androgens (Male Hormones)
A Developmental Theory for Gender Differences in Criminality
Conclusion
9. Individuals and Their Social World
There Is Variation Left Unexplained by Genetic Influences
Brain Plasticity Is Environmentally Influenced
The Correlation and Interaction Between Genes and the Environment
Developmental Risk Factors
Effects of Alchohol and Drugs on Fetal Development
Prenatal Exposure to Nicotine
Biosocial Issues in Development
Activity of Nervous System: Sensation Seeking
Deficits in Neuropsychological Functioning
Inidividuals in Their Environment
10. Prepubescence: Infancy and Childhood
What Do We Mean by Problem Behavior in Infancy and Childhood?
The Prevalence and Frequency of Problem Behavior in Infancy and Childhood
Continuity in Problem Behaviors Over Time
11. Postpubescence: Adolescence and Adulthood
What Is Adolescence, and Why Did We Include Adulthood?
Sexual Maturation and Human Development
The Effects of Sexual Maturation
Adolescent Development
Adult Criminals
12. Policy Recommendations
Contextual Factors
Prior to Birth
At Birth
After Birth
Child Development
Adolescence
Adulthood
Caveats
Closing Thoughts
Index
About the Authors

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