Criminological Theory / Edition 5

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Overview

Now in its fifth edition, Criminological Theory continues to offer readers a clear, concise, and authoritative introduction to theories of crime, past and present. The book features a consistent and reader-friendly organization, presenting each theory’s social and intellectual heritage, perspective and assumptions, and major concepts. Criminological Theory, fifth edition, is an ideal choice for a primary undergraduate crime theory text or as an invaluable reference when preparing for graduate comprehensive exams.

New to this edition:

  • Updates on current crime theories reflect the latest theoretical developments in the field
  • Critical thinking questions as the end of each chapter stimulate class discussion and challenge readers to apply the theories to today’s society
  • Additional examples throughout connect crime theories to real life
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780135154618
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 1/16/2009
  • Edition description: Fifth
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 288
  • Sales rank: 1,344,570
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. The Classical School

3. The Positive School

4. The Chicago School

5. Differential Association Theory

6. Anomie Theory

7. Subculture Theories

8. Labeling Theory

9. Conflict Theory

10. Social Control Theory

11. Social Learning Theory

12. Rational Theories

13. Gender-Based Theories

14. Contemporary Theories I–Updating Older Perspectives

15. Contemporary Theories II–Diversity in Theory

16. The Future of Criminological Theory

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Preface

As its title implies, this book is about the major sociological theories of crime. While there are other approaches to the study of crime, since the 1920s criminology has been oriented toward sociology. There are, however, some comments on biological and psychological theories of crime and delinquency in the chapter on Positivism. Those comments have been expanded, in response to instructors' requests. However, we still intend the book to be representative of what criminological theory has been, because a course in criminological theory is mainly a course in history.

When we first developed the concept of this text, we wanted to provide undergraduates with a brief but clear description of the most popular criminological theories. We continue to hear from students and colleagues who have used the first three editions that many graduate students find the text valuable as a primer or as a study guide in their theory classes. With this in mind, we have expanded the chapter bibliographies so that they may prove useful to the graduate student writing a research paper.

As before we have included an update of current theory. The intent of the first edition was to focus on traditional theories, and we only briefly mentioned contemporary versions in the concluding chapter. In the second and third editions we added chapters that summarized a number of new theoretical directions. However, as time goes on and theory testing and integration continues, we have found it necessary to split some of these concluding chapters into their own distinct theoretical areas. New to this edition, Chapter 14 covers modern strain theory, new directions in social control, andcontemporary developmental approaches. Chapter 15 discusses the broader context of integrative and subjective theories as well as metatheory and also includes peacemaking criminology and postmodernism. The future of criminological theory is covered in the final chapter, Chapter 16, and offers the student a summative view of both the heritage of contemporary theory and new ways of looking at theory production.

The basic format of the first three editions has been retained in most chapters. We include a discussion of the social and intellectual heritage of the theory, highlight and explain the perspective and major concepts of the theory, and summarize and list the theory's major points. The lists of major points are intended to clarify earlier commentary and to demonstrate the logical connections among the various elements of each theory. The chapter summaries may also serve as review material for examinations. Graduate students may find the major points helpful in determining the background assumptions of the theories, comparing theories, and locating hypotheses for empirical testing.

As in the earlier editions, we attempt in most chapters to provide a classification of the theoretical perspective. These areas of the book continue to draw the most discussion. In one sense, we find this appropriate. There are so many methods of classifying theories that it is inevitable that instructors and others who use the text would find some conflict with their own positions. Rather than hide such conflicts, we believe it is more instructive to bring them out into the open for students. Thus, we continue to provide theory classifications and encourage instructors to tell students how their approaches differ from ours.

As always, we welcome any feedback on the book. The numerous versions of each theory make critical commentary inevitable. Since this book is designed primarily to be used, we invite readers, students, and teachers alike to provide us with their ideas on how to make it even more useful.

We feel very fortunate that we were able to acquire firsthand the comments and advice of some of the original authors of the theories. Our gratitude and appreciation are due to Freda Adler, Ron Akers, A1 Cohen, Ray Jeffery, the late Ed Lemert, Walter Miller, Lloyd Ohlin, and Austin Turk for their comments and guidance. Special thanks to those who reviewed the manuscript, including Dennis Longmire, Sam Houston State University; and D. Lee Gilbertson, Saint Cloud State University. Special thanks are also in order to those who used the text in their classes and provided us commentary, or otherwise helped with their ideas and thoughts. In a more general sense, we acknowledge our debts springing from the discussions we have had over the years with Ron Akers, Austin Turk, Sy Dinitz, A1 Reiss, Gil Geis, Hal Pepinsky, Jeff Ferrell, Mark Hamm, and a large number of very bright students and colleagues. And as is Richard Quinney, we are once again grateful to the Lone Ranger.

Frank P. Williams III Marilyn D. McShane

Read More Show Less

Introduction

As its title implies, this book is about the major sociological theories of crime. While there are other approaches to the study of crime, since the 1920s criminology has been oriented toward sociology. There are, however, some comments on biological and psychological theories of crime and delinquency in the chapter on Positivism. Those comments have been expanded, in response to instructors' requests. However, we still intend the book to be representative of what criminological theory has been, because a course in criminological theory is mainly a course in history.

When we first developed the concept of this text, we wanted to provide undergraduates with a brief but clear description of the most popular criminological theories. We continue to hear from students and colleagues who have used the first three editions that many graduate students find the text valuable as a primer or as a study guide in their theory classes. With this in mind, we have expanded the chapter bibliographies so that they may prove useful to the graduate student writing a research paper.

As before we have included an update of current theory. The intent of the first edition was to focus on traditional theories, and we only briefly mentioned contemporary versions in the concluding chapter. In the second and third editions we added chapters that summarized a number of new theoretical directions. However, as time goes on and theory testing and integration continues, we have found it necessary to split some of these concluding chapters into their own distinct theoretical areas. New to this edition, Chapter 14 covers modern strain theory, new directions in social control, andcontemporary developmental approaches. Chapter 15 discusses the broader context of integrative and subjective theories as well as metatheory and also includes peacemaking criminology and postmodernism. The future of criminological theory is covered in the final chapter, Chapter 16, and offers the student a summative view of both the heritage of contemporary theory and new ways of looking at theory production.

The basic format of the first three editions has been retained in most chapters. We include a discussion of the social and intellectual heritage of the theory, highlight and explain the perspective and major concepts of the theory, and summarize and list the theory's major points. The lists of major points are intended to clarify earlier commentary and to demonstrate the logical connections among the various elements of each theory. The chapter summaries may also serve as review material for examinations. Graduate students may find the major points helpful in determining the background assumptions of the theories, comparing theories, and locating hypotheses for empirical testing.

As in the earlier editions, we attempt in most chapters to provide a classification of the theoretical perspective. These areas of the book continue to draw the most discussion. In one sense, we find this appropriate. There are so many methods of classifying theories that it is inevitable that instructors and others who use the text would find some conflict with their own positions. Rather than hide such conflicts, we believe it is more instructive to bring them out into the open for students. Thus, we continue to provide theory classifications and encourage instructors to tell students how their approaches differ from ours.

As always, we welcome any feedback on the book. The numerous versions of each theory make critical commentary inevitable. Since this book is designed primarily to be used, we invite readers, students, and teachers alike to provide us with their ideas on how to make it even more useful.

We feel very fortunate that we were able to acquire firsthand the comments and advice of some of the original authors of the theories. Our gratitude and appreciation are due to Freda Adler, Ron Akers, A1 Cohen, Ray Jeffery, the late Ed Lemert, Walter Miller, Lloyd Ohlin, and Austin Turk for their comments and guidance. Special thanks to those who reviewed the manuscript, including Dennis Longmire, Sam Houston State University; and D. Lee Gilbertson, Saint Cloud State University. Special thanks are also in order to those who used the text in their classes and provided us commentary, or otherwise helped with their ideas and thoughts. In a more general sense, we acknowledge our debts springing from the discussions we have had over the years with Ron Akers, Austin Turk, Sy Dinitz, A1 Reiss, Gil Geis, Hal Pepinsky, Jeff Ferrell, Mark Hamm, and a large number of very bright students and colleagues. And as is Richard Quinney, we are once again grateful to the Lone Ranger.

Frank P. Williams III
Marilyn D. McShane

Read More Show Less

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