Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences / Edition 5

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Offering a rich introduction to how scholars analyze crime, this Fifth Edition of the authors’ clear, accessible text moves readers beyond often-mistaken common sense knowledge of crime to a deeper understanding of the importance of theory in shaping crime control policies. This thoroughly revised edition covers traditional and contemporary theory within a larger sociological and historical context and now includes new sources that assess the empirical status of the major theories, as well as updated coverage of crime control policies and their connection to criminological theory.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412981453
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 11/16/2010
  • Edition description: Fifth Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 489
  • Sales rank: 171,551
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

J. Robert Lilly is Regents Professor of Sociology/Criminology and Adjunct Professor of Law at Northern Kentucky University. His research interests include the pattern of capital crimes committed by U.S. soldiers during World War II, the “commercial-corrections complex,” juvenile delinquency, house arrest and electronic monitoring, criminal justice in the People’s Republic of China, the sociology of law, and criminological theory. He has published in Criminology, Crime & Delinquency, Social Problems, Legal Studies Forum, Northern Kentucky Law Review, Journal of Drug Issues, The New Scholar, Adolescence, Qualitative Sociology, Federal Probation, International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, Justice Quarterly, and The Howard Journal. He has coauthored several articles and book chapters with Richard A. Ball, and he is coauthor of House Arrest and Correctional Policy: Doing Time at Home (1988). In 2003 he published La Face Cachee Des GI’s: Les Viols commis par des soldats amercains en France, en Angleterre et en Allemange pendat la Second Guerre mondial. It was translated into Italian and published (2004) as Stupppi Di Guerra: Le Violenze Commesse Dai Soldati Americani in Gran Bretagna, Francia e Germania 1942–1945. It was be published in English in 2007. The latter work is part of his extensive research on patterns of crimes and punishments experienced by U.S. soldiers in WWII in the European Theater of War. The Hidden Face of the Liberators, a made-for-TV documentary by Program 33 (Paris), was broadcast in Switzerland and France in March 2006 and was a finalist at the International Television Festival of Monte Carlo in 2007. He is the past treasurer of the American Society of Criminology. In 1988, he was a visiting professor in the School of Law at Leicester Polytechnic and was a visiting scholar at All Soul’s College in Oxford, England. In 1992, he became a visiting professor at the University of Durham in England. He is currently coeditor of The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice.

Francis T. Cullen is Distinguished Research Professor in the School of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati, where he also holds a joint appointment in sociology. He received a Ph.D. in sociology and education from Columbia University. Professor Cullen has published over 300 works in the areas of corrections, criminological theory, white-collar crime, public opinion, the measurement of sexual victimization, and the organization of criminological knowledge. His recent co-authored or co-edited publications include Correctional Theory: Context and Consequences; Unsafe in the Ivory Tower: The Sexual Victimization of College Women; Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, 5e; the Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory; The Origins of American Criminology; and The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory. Professor Cullen is a Past President of the American Society of Criminology and of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. In 2010, he received the ASC Edwin H. Sutherland Award.

Richard A. Ball is Professor of Administration of Justice at Penn State—Fayette and former Program Head for Administration of Justice for the 12-campus Commonwealth College of Penn State. He is former Chair of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at West Virginia University, and received his doctorate from Ohio State University in 1965. He has authored several monographs on community power structure and correctional issues and co-edited a monograph and a book on white-collar crime. He has authored or coauthored approximately 100 articles and book chapters, including articles in the American Journal of Corrections, American Sociological Review, The American Sociologist, British Journal of Social Psychiatry, Correctional Psychology, Crime and Delinquency, Criminology, Federal Probation, International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, International Social Science Review, Journal of Communication, Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, Journal of Small Business Management, Journal of Psychohistory, Justice Quarterly, Northern Kentucky Law Review, Qualitative Sociology, Rural Sociology, Social Forces, Social Problems, Sociological Focus, Sociological Symposium, Sociology and Social Welfare, Sociology of Work and Occupations, Urban Life, Victimology, and World Futures. He is coauthor of House Arrest and Correctional Policy: Doing Time at Home (1988).

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Table of Contents

1. The Context and Consequences of Theory
2. The Search for the "Criminal Man"
3. Rejecting Individualism: The Chicago School
4. Crime in American Society: Anomie and Strain Theories
5. Society as Insulation: The Origins of Control Theory
6. The Complexity of Control: Hirschi's Two Theories and Beyond
7. The Irony of State Intervention: Labeling Theory
8. Social Power and the Construction of Crime: Conflict Theory
9. New Directions in Critical Theory
10. The Gendering of Criminology: Feminist Theory
11. Crimes of the Powerful: Theories of White-Collar Crime
12. Bringing Punishment Back In: Conservative Criminology
13. Choosing Crime in Everyday Life: Routine Activity
14. The Search for the "Criminal Man" Revisited: Biosocial Theories
15. The Development of Criminals: Life-Course Theories
Photo Credits
Name Index
Subject Index
About the Authors
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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 13, 2012

    Great text book and very informative. You will enjoy it. Essay requirement for my ENG 102 class

    Crime, why do people commit it? This is a very in-depth issue to determine whether people commit crime because they are born with criminal nature or if they are born as a good natured person who is influenced into it from the social perspectives. Others saying that people need to be locked up in prison because they are beyond rehabilitation and they commit the crime because of their own criminal choice and criminal nature or criminal mind(born this way).
    From the beginning of time there has been crime. The reason of this is unknown but theorists have gone to great lengths to determine the criminal man. The classical school of criminology “emphasizes on the criminal as a person…capable of calculating what they want to do.” (Lilly, Cullen, Ball, 2011, p. 20) This is basically saying that the criminal makes the “free will” choice based off of the “pain and pleasure” aspects and not due to any part of the social factors that may come into play in future criminal school theories. (Lilly, et al., 2011)
    These schools consistently worked to improve the ideologies from further study and inspired the positivist school ideology. It is very similar to that of the classical school focus but added the notion that “crime was determined by multiple facts.” (Lilly, et al., 2011) The difference between the classical school only focusing on free will and the positivist school advancing the thought that there are other factors involved is huge. The factors that are mentioned as part of the positivist school are things such as biological factor. It was thought that crime was committed due to biological imbalances in a person. They even took this to further steps to try to identify the biological criminal by “physical and mental deficiencies”. They even went as far as to list physical characteristics of what they thought were a key to a born criminal. They listed things such as the “ears of unusual size, sloping foreheads, excessively long arms, receding chins and twisted noses.” (Lilly, et al., 2011) These are interesting thoughts but seem a bit strange and won’t really fly in today’s society.
    The Chicago school of criminology had a whole new different ideology that was very impressive. This school took on the ideology of the social factors in the pursuit of finding the criminal man and why they commit crime. The industrial revolution caused an increase to social populations that caused over populated cities and created poverty and “slums.” (Lilly, et al., 2011) Many separate theories came out of this school. Some were focused on the government being the main cause to these poverty stricken areas since they did nothing to assist in equality and others focused on the disorganization and delinquency aspect of these social environments. These environments caused for an increase in circumstances that would cause someone to commit crime. They ranged from choices for survival such as hunger to the social influence and peer pressure due to the lack of education that causes delinquency.
    All of these schools have revised over time into into more effective ideologies such in search for the criminal man. The criminal school advanced in its theory only to increase punishment and incarceration and others such as the Chicago school are still in search to determine how socially we can fix people who commit crimes before they do it. One of these schools alone does not work but all of these school ideologies and research togethe

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