Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences

Overview

Offering a rich introduction to how scholars analyze crime, Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences moves readers beyond a commonsense knowledge of crime to a deeper understanding of the importance of theory in shaping crime control policies. The Sixth Edition of the authors’ clear, accessible, and thoroughly revised text covers traditional and contemporary theory within a larger sociological and historical context. J. Robert Lilly, Francis T. Cullen, and Richard A. Ball include new sources that assess ...
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Overview

Offering a rich introduction to how scholars analyze crime, Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences moves readers beyond a commonsense knowledge of crime to a deeper understanding of the importance of theory in shaping crime control policies. The Sixth Edition of the authors’ clear, accessible, and thoroughly revised text covers traditional and contemporary theory within a larger sociological and historical context. J. Robert Lilly, Francis T. Cullen, and Richard A. Ball include new sources that assess the empirical status of the major theories, as well as updated coverage of crime control policies and their connection to criminological theory.
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Editorial Reviews

Steve Hall
"I have long regarded this book as the most comprehensive and resolutely up-to-date theory text on the market. The authors always make the effort to stay up to date and incorporate the latest ideas, and students find their trawl through 20th century criminological theory the most accessible and informative. In each chapter there is a good balance of discussion and standard critiques, which students find useful for their essays and dissertations."
Tony Murphy
"The overall organization of the book is very good – this follows a logical pattern of development in relation to not only the historical development of theory, but also the process through which subsequent theories have built on previous frameworks. As a result, it is quite clear how theories and blocks of theory ‘fit together’."
Ruth Penfold- Mounce
"Lilly et al is used on the modules as a recommended text. The text was chosen as it covers major theories in a clear and accessible manner to undergraduates. The strength of the book is it gives adequate consideration to the major theories we wish to cover in the modules many other theory books skip adequate consideration of scientific theory (ie chapter 2)."
Jennifer Wareham
"Indeed, a major strength of the Lilly et al. text is that it provides a succinct explanation of the theories that is easily understood by students."
James Barnes
"The depth of coverage, the accessible writing style, and the infusion of personal context material were all leading factors motivating my decision to use the Lilly text."
Michael S. Proctor
"I do use Lilly, Criminological Theory for CRIM 4321 because it provides a comprehensive collections of major criminological theories that are presented in a straight forward manner in a text that is “student friendly.” By this I mean that the information is both challenging but also in a format that is easy to read and comprehend."
Richard Lemke
"I assigned Lilly, Cullen, and Ball in this course. Being a 5th edition title, it is a culmination of the hard work and dedication of the authors to continue to update a well crafted text. The benefits of this book is that it explains the social and political events which led to the development and popularity of each theory. This allows students to grasp the somewhat discordant assumptions criminologists made over the years and better understand the casual order of each theory. The authors have done a masterful job of framing years of accumulated criminological theory into an approachable format."
George Eichenberg
"In terms of readability, the 5th edition of Lilly is superior to Vold and superior in terms of coverage as well. Also, I really like the contextual information provided with each theory as well as the implications of each theory, this is much better than Vold."
Maria Tcherni
"The strength of the Lilly text (compared to Siegel’s) is that it puts events and theories in historical perspective and connects them with the individual lives of the key theorists and the larger sociopolitical context. I also like that the Lilly text assesses the empirical validity of each currently relevant theory and links theories with policies based on these."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781452258164
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 11/4/2014
  • Edition description: Sixth Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 568
  • Sales rank: 770,891
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

J. Robert Lilly is Regents Professor of Sociology/Criminology and Adjunct Professor of Law at Northern Kentucky University. His research interests include the pattern of capital crimes committed by U.S. soldiers during World War II, the “commercial-corrections complex,” juvenile delinquency, house arrest and electronic monitoring, criminal justice in the People’s Republic of China, the sociology of law, and criminological theory. He has published in Criminology, Crime & Delinquency, Social Problems, Legal Studies Forum, Northern Kentucky Law Review, Journal of Drug Issues, The New Scholar, Adolescence, Qualitative Sociology, Federal Probation, International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, Justice Quarterly, and The Howard Journal. He has coauthored several articles and book chapters with Richard A. Ball, and he is coauthor of House Arrest and Correctional Policy: Doing Time at Home. In 2003 he published La Face Cachee Des GI’s: Les Viols commis par des soldats amercains en France, en Angleterre et en Allemange pendat la Second Guerre mondial. It was translated into Italian and published (2004) as Stupppi Di Guerra: Le Violenze Commesse Dai Soldati Americani in Gran Bretagna, Francia e Germania 1942–1945. It was published in English in 2007. The latter work is part of his extensive research on patterns of crimes and punishments experienced by U.S. soldiers in WWII in the European Theater of War. The Hidden Face of the Liberators, a made-for-TV documentary by Program 33 (Paris), was broadcast in Switzerland and France in March 2006 and was a finalist at the International Television Festival of Monte Carlo in 2007. He is the past treasurer of the American Society of Criminology. In 1988, he was a visiting professor in the School of Law at Leicester Polytechnic and was a visiting scholar at All Soul’s College in Oxford, England. In 1992, he became a visiting professor at the University of Durham in England. He was co-editor of The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice from 2006-2012.

Francis T. Cullen is Distinguished Research Professor in the School of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati, where he also holds a joint appointment in sociology. He received a Ph.D. in sociology and education from Columbia University. Professor Cullen has published over 300 works in the areas of corrections, criminological theory, white-collar crime, public opinion, the measurement of sexual victimization, and the organization of criminological knowledge. His recent works include Challenging Criminological Theory: The Legacy of Ruth Rosner Kornhauser, Sisters in Crime Revisited: Bringing Gender into Criminology (in Honor of Freda Adler), The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory, The American Prison: Imagining a Different Future, Reaffirming Rehabilitation (30th Anniversary Edition), and Correctional Theory: Context and Consequences. Professor Cullen is a Past President of the American Society of Criminology and of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. In 2010, he received the ASC Edwin H. Sutherland Award.

Richard A. Ball is Professor of Administration of Justice at Penn State—Fayette and former Program Head for Administration of Justice for the 12-campus Commonwealth College of Penn State. He is former Chair of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at West Virginia University, and received his doctorate from Ohio State University in 1965. He has authored several monographs on community power structure and correctional issues and co-edited a monograph and a book on white-collar crime. He has authored or coauthored approximately 100 articles and book chapters, including articles in the American Journal of Corrections, American Sociological Review, The American Sociologist, British Journal of Social Psychiatry, Correctional Psychology, Crime and Delinquency, Criminology, Federal Probation, International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, International Social Science Review, Journal of Communication, Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, Journal of Small Business Management, Journal of Psychohistory, Justice Quarterly, Northern Kentucky Law Review, Qualitative Sociology, Rural Sociology, Social Forces, Social Problems, Sociological Focus, Sociological Symposium, Sociology and Social Welfare, Sociology of Work and Occupations, Urban Life, Victimology, and World Futures. He is coauthor of House Arrest and Correctional Policy: Doing Time at Home (1988).

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Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
CHAPTER 1: The Context and Consequences of Theory
Theory in Social Context
Theory and Policy: Ideas Have Consequences
Context, Theory, and Policy: Plan of the Book
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 2: The Search for the “Criminal Man”
Spiritualism
The Classical School: Criminal as Calculator
The Positivist School: Criminal as Determined
The Consequence of Theory: Policy Implications
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 3: Rejecting Individualism: The Chicago School
The Chicago School of Criminology: Theory in Context
Shaw and McKay’s Theory of Juvenile Delinquency
Sutherland’s Theory of Differential Association
The Chicago School’s Criminological Legacy
Control and Culture in the Community
Akers’s Social Learning Theory
The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 4: Crime in American Society: Anomie and Strain Theories
Merton’s Strain Theory
Status Discontent and Delinquency
The Criminological Legacy of “Classic” Strain Theory
Agnew’s General Strain Theory
A Theory of African American Offending
Crime and the American Dream: Institutional-Anomie Theory
The Market Economy and Crime
The Future of Strain Theory
The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 5: Society as Insulation: The Origins of Control Theory
Forerunners of Control Theory
Early Control Theories
Reckless’s Containment Theory
Sykes and Matza: Neutralization and Drift Theory
Control Theory in Context
Further Readings
CHAPTER 6: The Complexity of Control: Hirschi’s Two Theories and Beyond
Hirschi’s First Theory: Social Bonds and Delinquency
Hirschi’s Second Theory: Self-Control and Crime
The Complexity of Control
The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 7: The Irony of State Intervention: Labeling Theory
The Social Construction of Crime
Labeling as Criminogenic: Creating Career Criminals
The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications
Extending Labeling Theory
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 8: Social Power and the Construction of Crime: Conflict Theory
Forerunners of Conflict Theory
Theory in Context: The Turmoil of the 1960s
Advancing Conflict Theory: Turk, Chambliss, and Quinney
Conflict Theory and the Causes of Crime
Consequences of Conflict Theory
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 9: The Variety of Critical Theory
Modernity and Postmodernity
Postmodern Criminological Thought: The End of Grand Narratives?
Looking Back at Early British and European Influences
Early Left Realism
The New Criminology Revisited
Left Realism Today
Changing Social Context
New Directions in Criminological Theory: Death and the Birth of New Ideas
The New European Criminology
Green Criminology
Cultural Criminology
Convict Criminology
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 10: The Gendering of Criminology: Feminist Theory
Background
Prefeminist Pioneers and Themes
The Emergence of New Questions: Bringing Women In
The Second Wave: From Women’s Emancipation to Patriarchy
Varieties of Feminist Thought
The Intersection of Race, Class, and Gender
Masculinities and Crime
Gendering Criminology
Postmodernist Feminism and the Third Wave
Consequences of Feminist Theory: Policy Implications
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 11: Crimes of the Powerful: Theories of White-Collar Crime
The Discovery of White-Collar Crime: Edwin H. Sutherland
Organizational Culture
Organizational Strain and Opportunity
Deciding to Offend
State-Corporate Crime
Consequences of White-Collar Crime Theory: Policy Implications
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 12: Bringing Punishment Back In: Conservative Criminology
Context: The United States of the 1980s and Early 1990s
Varieties of Conservative Theory
Crime and Human Nature: Wilson and Herrnstein
Crime and The Bell Curve: Herrnstein and Murray
The Criminal Mind
Choosing to Be Criminal: Crime Pays
Crime and Moral Poverty
Broken Windows: The Tolerance of Public Disorganization
Consequences of Conservative Theory: Policy Implications
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 13: Choosing Crime in Everyday Life: Routine Activity and Rational Choice Theories
Routine Activity Theory: Opportunities and Crime
Rational Choice Theory
Perceptual Deterrence Theory
Situational Action Theory
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 14: The Search for the “Criminal Man” Revisited: Biosocial Theories
Evolutionary Psychology: Darwin Revisited
Social Concern Theory: Evolutionary Psychology Revisited
Neuroscience: Neurological and Biochemical Theories
Genetics
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 15: New Directions in Biosocial Theory: Perspectives and Policies
Biosocial Risk and Protective Factors
Environmental Toxins
The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications
Conclusion
Further Readings
CHAPTER 16: The Development of Criminals: Life-Course Theories
Integrated Theories of Crime
Life-Course Criminology: Continuity and Change
Criminology in Crisis: Gottfredson and Hirschi Revisited
Patterson’s Social-Interactional Developmental Model
Moffitt’s Life-Course-Persistent/Adolescence-Limited Theory
Sampson and Laub: Social Bond Theory Revisited
Rethinking Crime: Cognitive Theories of Desistance
The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications
Conclusion
Further Readings
References
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Authors
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