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|About the Author||xxix|
|Instructions to Students Using Criminology Today's World Wide Web Features||xxx|
|Part I||The Crime Picture|
|Chapter 1||What Is Criminology?||3|
|Chapter 2||Patterns of Crime||33|
|Chapter 3||Research Methods and Theory Development||81|
|Part II||Crime Causation|
|Chapter 4||Classical and Neoclassical Thought||109|
|Chapter 5||Biological Roots of Criminal Behavior||137|
|Chapter 6||Psychological and Psychiatric Foundations of Criminal Behavior||169|
|Chapter 7||Sociological Theories I: Social Structure||201|
|Chapter 8||Sociological Theories II: Social Process and Social Development||227|
|Chapter 9||Sociological Theories III: Social Conflict||259|
|Part III||Crime in the Modern World|
|Chapter 10||Crimes Against Persons||287|
|Chapter 11||Crimes Against Property||329|
|Chapter 12||White-Collar and Organized Crime||357|
|Chapter 13||Drug Abuse and Crime||387|
|Chapter 14||Technology and Crime||417|
|Part IV||Responding to Criminal Behavior|
|Chapter 15||Criminology and Social Policy||449|
|Chapter 16||Future Directions||477|
Echoing these sentiments, it's been said that an introductory textbook like this one must be a mile long, but it can only be an inch thick. In other words, any introduction to criminology must cover the history of the field and the important theorists and theories of the past and present. It must also provide a solid overview of the crime picture in contemporary society, and it must offer some insight into the crime control policies of yesterday and today. Most such books are also expected to include a description of different types of crime, along with an explanation of the complex social and individual nexus that leads to crime. As an author of a number of books in the field of crime and justice, I can attest to the fact that this is a tall order. Because of its physical limits, an introductory text cannot spend too much time describing any one perspective, theory, law, or offense.
Thankfully, in writing the third edition of Criminology Today I no longer found myself bound by the traditional limits of print media. This new edition, for the first time, makes extensive use of educational technologies that were only in their infancy when the first edition of this book appeared. Even though the first editionwas accompanied by a Web site (the first criminology text to have reached such a milestone, I am told), and the second edition built that site into a comprehensive and interactive learning tool, it is with this new edition that the true possibilities of the Internet have been fully embraced. Sprinkled throughout the pages of this book you will find icons pointing to new learning possibilities. Among them are
All are new to this edition, and each has been closely integrated with the text to provide a wealth of freely available materials that add substantial value to the learning experience. Web Quests!, Web Extras!, Audio Extras!, and Library Extras! finally allow me, as an author, to offer you a textbook that is far more than the proverbial "inch-thick" book would be.
Other special features of Criminology Today make this book substantially different from all the other available texts which deal with the same subject matter. The following list highlights what I see as the important differences:
The thematic approach of Criminology Today is dualistic. On the one hand, it presents a social problems framework, which holds that crime may be a manifestation of underlying cultural issues like poverty, discrimination, and the break-down of traditional social institutions. It contrasts the social problems approach with a social responsibility perspective which claims that individuals are fundamentally responsible for their own behavior and which maintains that they choose crime over other, more law-abiding, courses of action. The thematic contrast is an important one, for it provides student with a useful framework for integrating the voluminous material contained within the field of criminology. Contrasting the two perspectives, as this book does, provides fertile ground for a dialectical process whereby students can better understand the central issues defining contemporary criminology and come to their own conclusions about the value criminological theorizing.
As an author, I have tried to ensure that today's students will find Criminology Today relevant, interesting, informative, and useful. It is my fondest hope that this boo and its Internet extensions will assist students in drawing their own conclusions about the American crime problem that it will help prepare them for the future, and that it will allow them to make informed decisions about public crime control policy.