This text introduces students to the fundamental concepts of crisis theory and practice, and provides models for single-session intervention and ongoing crisis counseling. Students learn to incorporate assessment into intervention, using the unique ABCDE model, Affective responses, Behavioral responses, Cognitive responses, Developmental assessment, Ecological assessment. Students learn to use this holistic framework for viewing individual responses to crisis events such as sexual assault, domestic violence, substance abuse, and death.
1. Understanding Crisis and Crisis Intervention Crisis and Crisis Theory Development of Crisis Intervention Methods and Services Crisis Assessment and Intervention: Multiple Models 2. Assessment: A Developmental-Ecological Perspective Overview of Developmental-Ecological Perspective Assessing Crisis Reactions: A Developmental-Ecological Model Conclusion 3. Crisis Intervention: A Developmental-Ecological Approach Background Single-Session Crisis Counseling Ongoing Crisis Counseling 4. Crisis Intervention Competence Characteristics of Competent Crisis Counselors Characteristics of Effective Crisis Intervention Crisis Intervention Skills 5. The Continuum of Crisis Response: Diagnosis and Lethality Diagnosis Adjustment Disorders Anxiety Responses Depressive Mood Responses Psychotic Responses Danger to Self Single-Session Crisis Counseling with Suicidal Individuals Danger to Others Single-Session Crisis Counseling with Aggressive or Violent Individuals Case Example: Single-Session Crisis Intervention 6. Sexual Assault (Barbara G. Collins) The Incidence and Prevalence of Sexual Assault Defining Rape Types of Rapes Dispelling Myths About Rape The Impact of Rape Single-Session Crisis Counseling Crisis Intervention with Families and Partners Ongoing Crisis Counseling for Sexual Assault Survivors Case Example: Wendy 7. Battery, Control, and Power in Intimate Relationships: Designing Crisis Intervention (Mollie Whalen) Defining Violence in Intimate Relationships Types of Violence and Control Patterns of Violence Dispelling Myths About Domestic Violence Differential Experiences of Specific Groups Barriers to Leaving an Abusive Relationship The Impact of Abusive Relationships Crisis Intervention with Battered Women Single-Session Crisis Counseling Ongoing Crisis Counseling with Battered Women Comparison of Single Sessions and Ongoing Counseling Case Example: Mandy 8. Substance Abuse (Ford Brooks; Thomas M. Collins) Characteristics of Addiction Terms Used in Addiction Counseling Myths of Addiction Developmental Models of Recovery Twelve-Step Support Groups The Continuum of Care The Crisis of Addiction Single-Session Crisis Intervention: Substance Abuse and Addiction Ongoing Crisis Counseling for Substance Abuse Case Example: Connor 9. Chronic and Terminal Illness (Elizabeth J. Jacob; Thomas M. Collins) Defining Chronic Illness Crisis Intervention Single-Session Crisis Intervention in Health Crises Ongoing Crisis Counseling for Patients with a Chronic or Terminal Illness Personal Responses to Health Crises Case Example: Jane 10. The Crisis of Death (John W. Kraybill-Greggo; Marcella Kraybill-Greggo; Thomas M. Collins) Definitions of Terms Process Models of Grief Factors Affecting Reactions to Loss Types of Losses Developmental Aspects of Grief Spirituality and the Crisis of Death Intervention Single-Session Crisis Counseling Ongoing Crisis Counseling Case Example: Marlene 11. Crisis Intervention with Abused Children (Michele A. Tavormina) Physical and Sexual Abuse Defined Prevalence of Child Abuse Dynamics and Impact Single-Session Crisis Intervention Ongoing Crisis Counseling with Children Case Example: Casey 12. School-based Crises (LeeAnn Eschbach) School as a Context for Crisis Crises in Schools Who Provides Crisis Intervention in Schools? Dynamics and Impact of Crises in Schools Crisis Intervention Single-Session Crisis Intervention Ongoing Crisis Counseling Case Example: Molly 13. Crisis Intervention and Disaster Trauma Barbara G. Collins) Impact on Survivors Crisis Intervention with Disaster Survivors Single-Session Crisis Intervention Ongoing Crisis Counseling with Disaster Survivors Case Example: World Trade Center Disaster, by Joann Packer 14. Helping the Helpers: Avoiding Burnout, Compassion Fatigue, and Secondary Traumatic Stress Burnout Case Example: Marcus Secondary Traumatic Stress and Vicarious Traumatization On a Positive Note: Compassion Satisfaction and Work Fulfillment A Caregiver's Reflection on September 11, by Grace Telesco