Critical Thinking about Research: Psychology and Related Fields / Edition 1

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Overview

Could the research you read be fundamentally flawed? Could crucial defects in methodology slip by you undetected? To become an informed, interactive consumer of research, you may need an attitude adjustment: from acceptance to inquiry, from reverence to skepticism. Critical Thinking About Research: Psychology and Related Fields equips you with those tools needed to identify errors in others' research and to reduce them to a minimum in your own work.

Discusses tools needed to identify errors in research w/brief realistic fictitious articles w/built-in flaws.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Intended to equip research consumers with the tools needed to identify errors in others' research and to reduce them to a minimum in their own work. Meltzoff (emeritus, psychology, California School of Professional Psychology) provides a view of the finished research project and how to assess it as well as 16 sample journal articles that have been intentionally written with flaws to test the reader's critical skills. Each of these articles is accompanied by a commentary that points out the errors of omission and of commission, of logic and of procedure that have been slipped in. Intended for researchers at all levels. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781557984555
  • Publisher: American Psychological Association
  • Publication date: 1/28/1998
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 297
  • Sales rank: 692,484
  • Product dimensions: 7.16 (w) x 10.16 (h) x 0.86 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
I Principles
Ch. 1 Critical Reading 3
Ch. 2 Research Questions and Hypotheses 13
Ch. 3 Research Strategies and Variables 31
Ch. 4 The Sample 49
Ch. 5 Confounding Variables and Their Control 65
Ch. 6 Research Designs and Threats to Internal Validity 83
Ch. 7 Criteria and Criteria Measures 101
Ch. 8 Data Analysis, Discussion, and Conclusions 127
Ch. 9 Research Ethics 147
II Practice Articles
Article 1 Use of Counselor Street Talk to Stimulate Self-Disclosure of Inner-City Youths 169
Article 2 Treatment of Flying Phobia: Comparative Efficacy of Two Behavioral Methods 177
Article 3 The Effect of Divorce on Sons' Aggression 185
Article 4 Dyslexia in Fifth-Grade Girls: Personality and Perceptual Factors 191
Article 5 Time Estimation: Effect of Depression and Pleasantness or Unpleasantness of an Experience 199
Article 6 Bossiness in Firstborn Girls 207
Article 7 Effect of Context Upon Accuracy of Recall of Affective Experiences 213
Article 8 The Effects of Medication and Cognitive Behavior Therapy on Insomnia 219
Article 9 Midlife Crises of Men at Age 50 227
Article 10 Effect of Job Stress and Stress Management on Low Back Pain 233
Article 11 Evaluation of Health Maintenance Organizations 239
Article 12 Effects of Jury Selection Consultation on Trial Outcome 245
Article 13 Contingency Reinforcement in the Treatment of Talking Aloud to Self 251
Article 14 The Effect of Race of Examiner on IQ Scores of Native Americans 257
Article 15 Social Effects of Tax Deadline 263
Article 16 Comparative Effectiveness of Teacher Management Styles in a Fifth Grade Classroom 269
Epilogue 275
Glossary 279
Index 289
About the Author 299
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