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Critical Thinking and Learning: An Encyclopedia for Parents and Teachers


The editors of this book employ social, cognitive, linguistic, and political theoretical innovations to develop a new conception of critical thinking. They examine how such a construct might be taught in a variety of social settings and disciplines. Using a host of previously neglected perspectives—sociocognition, issues of political economy, complexity theory, and critical theoretical notions of epistemology and power theory—the editors and authors present a conceptually ...

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The editors of this book employ social, cognitive, linguistic, and political theoretical innovations to develop a new conception of critical thinking. They examine how such a construct might be taught in a variety of social settings and disciplines. Using a host of previously neglected perspectives—sociocognition, issues of political economy, complexity theory, and critical theoretical notions of epistemology and power theory—the editors and authors present a conceptually sophisticated yet accessible compendium on critical thinking.

The introduction guides readers through the reconceptualization process. Specific entries focus on particular dimensions of the challenges to old-style critical thinking. In this context, readers can choose entries that discuss various means of engaging students in the critical complex perspective of critical thinking. The encyclopedia is aware of both theoretical concerns and the everyday realities of schooling in the 21st century. As such, it rounded in a respectful view of teachers that assumes they are capable of levels of expertise unacknowledged by many contemporary articulations of school reform. The educational, cognitive, and professional vision developed in the encyclopedia offers a profound alternative to the top-down impositional models now sweeping the nation's school districts.

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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Although billed as an encyclopedia, this is really a textbook on a mode of thinking referred to as complex critical thinking. Educator Kincheloe describes its theoretical underpinnings and potential for reforming both teaching and learning. He holds that mainstream critical thinking has been valuable in encouraging independent reasoning but that it is still a reductionist method with a Western bias that ignores the complexity of the real world. He also asserts that complex critical thinking holds particular promise for pedagogy and for the teaching profession itself, where current reforms encourage standardization and treat teachers as functionaries of administrative superiors. The work consists of 84 entries averaging three pages in length, written mainly by scholars and dealing with a mixed bag of topics, linking critical thinking to theoretical or conceptual issues (e.g., democracy, identity), curriculum concerns (e.g., cultural studies), pedagogy (e.g., teaching and learning), or sociopolitical issues (e.g., xenophobia). Although readers won't find details about bringing critical theory into the classroom, they will find useful descriptions of classroom experience. Bottom Line This essential addition to the discussion of critical thinking is better suited to the stacks than the reference collection. Recommended for academic and large public libraries.-Nadine Cohen-Baker, Univ. of Georgia, Athens Copyright 2004 Reed Business Information.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780313323898
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 3/30/2004
  • Pages: 544
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

JOE L. KINCHELOE is Professor of Education, City University of New York Graduate Center and Brooklyn College.

DANNY WEIL is an independent scholar and consults nationally to many school districts.

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Table of Contents

Into the great wide open : introducing critical thinking 1
Art and aesthetics 53
Art education, young children, and critical thinking 57
Believing and knowing 63
Bilingual education : toward a critical comprehension of engaging an emancipatory paradigm 69
Critical bilingual/bicultural pedagogy : relying on a postformal lens 72
Bloom's taxonomy and critical thinking 77
Adolescence 83
Early childhood education 87
Middle schools : curiosity and critical thinking 92
The nature of childhood 96
The new childhood and critical thinking 101
Youth development : critical perspectives 104
Consumer culture and critical thinking 109
Cultural studies in education 117
Popular culture 122
Curriculum theorizing 127
Developing curriculum and critical pedagogy 131
The hidden curriculum : helping students reflect critically on issues of schools, equity, and justice 135
Writing education practices within the reconceptualized curriculum 144
Democracy and John Dewey 149
Black existence as critical thinking 155
Diverse learners and special education : a critical thinking perspective 159
Diversity and critical thinking 162
Indigenous ways of knowing and critical thinking 167
Multicultural education 171
Rap music : the critical pedagogy of KRS-One 175
Critical consciousness through a critical constructivist pedagogy 185
Educational psychology and critical thinking 189
Metacognition : what is transformative metacognition and why is it important? 193
Multiple intelligences and critical thinking 197
Educational relevance, personalized education, and critical thinking 203
Empowerment : a transformative process 207
Empowerment of teachers and students 211
Teachers' work : what is happening to it? 216
Epistemology 223
Hermeneutics for the classroom 235
Constructing selfhood 239
Advertising and ideology 245
Knowledge in the interest of power 250
Only the "facts"? 254
Journal writing and critical thinking skills in classroom settings 259
Justice and equity 265
Critical thinking, teaching, and language 269
Critical multicultural literacy : problematizing a multicultural curriculum based on reasoning 273
Gaining access to critical literacy : rethinking the role of reading programs 278
Infusing critical thinking into the sociocultural view of literacy 281
Media literacy 287
Visual literacy : critical thinking with the visual image 291
Mass media and communication 297
Mathematics education 307
Organizational change in public education : from crucial to critical leadership 313
Philosophical instruction 325
Queer studies : banished to the bedroom 329
Institutional racism 341
Race 347
Scholar practitioners as classroom teachers 353
Students as scholar practitioners 358
Critical thinking and the teaching of science 363
Science education 368
Sexism : is critical thinking theory sexist? 373
History instruction and critical thinking 379
Social studies and critical thinking 383
Standards and critical thinking 389
Becoming a "good teacher" : thinking critically about teaching 395
Critical cooperative learning 399
Critical dialogue : the learning conversation and learning to suspend judgment 402
Formulating best practices for teaching and learning 407
Knowledge acquisition 411
Socratic questioning : helping students figure out what they don't know 414
Teaching current events using a constructivist critical thinking paradigm : a model for teachers 419
Terrorism : Western definitions since 9/11 427
The anti-textbook textbook : critical thinking and politics in the apolitical classroom 433
Critical theory 439
Dialectical thinking 447
Emancipatory critical thinking 454
Higher order thinking skills 458
Radical critical thinking : part 1 : theoretical background 463
Radical critical thinking : part 2 : the practice 468
Reasoning readiness for primary school students : critical thinking as developmentally appropriate 474
Reflective practitioner 480
Values and dispositions of critical thinking : developing habits of mind as moral commitments to thought 485
Critical thinking, power, and the workplace 491
Fear and the construction of the "foreigner" 497
Bibliography 503
Index 511
About the editors and contributors 523
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